4 Crazy Facts About the Yangtze River

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF TRAVEL TRIVIA)

 

4 Crazy Facts About the Yangtze River

From its source in Tibet’s Tanggula Mountains, the Yangtze River (aka Chang Jiang or Ch’ang Chiang) meanders eastward for 3,915 miles across China before emptying out into the East China Sea. It is the world’s third-longest river—behind the Nile (4,132 miles) and Amazon (3,977 miles)—Asia’s longest, and the longest to flow entirely through one country. These facts make the Yangtze River one of the world’s great watercourses and for centuries it has played a key role in Chinese culture. Here are four more interesting facts about the river.

The River Has More Than 700 Tributaries

The River Has More Than 700 Tributaries

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About 8 million gallons of water empties from the river into the East China Sea every second, and the river’s upstream area has a flow of around 70,000 cubic feet per second. Contributing to this water flow are an incredible 700 tributaries, made up of lakes, rivers and streams. The most important of these is the 952-mile long Han River, the Min River and Yalong River. Chao Lake and Shanghai’s Lake Tai also feed the river.

Over 50 Bridges Span the River

Over 50 Bridges Span the River

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The Yangtze once served as geographic border between northern and southern China, and until 1957, there were no permanent bridges. Today, more than 50 bridges and dozens of tunnels provide pedestrian, rail and road connections to the millions of people that cross the water on a daily basis. Among them is Runyang Bridge, which with a 4,890-feet-long central span is in the top five longest suspension bridges in the world. The 1,811-feet-long Chaotianmen Bridge is the world’s longest arch bridge. Before the inauguration of the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge in 1960, passenger trains had to be disassembled and transported by ferry.

It is Home to the Deepest Gorge in the World

It is Home to the Deepest Gorge in the World

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On its route around the Yunnan region of western China, the river passes unblemished landscapes made up of forested mountains, glaciated peaks, and steep gorges. This area forms part of the UNESCO-listed Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas. Within it is the spectacular Tiger Leaping Gorge, where 13,000-feet-tall mountains and 6,600-feet-high cliffs rise above both sides of the riverbanks. It’s possible to hike to the canyon on a multi-day trekfrom the town of Qiaotou. A 10-mile trail runs the entire length of the gorge and the highest section is among China’s finest hikes.

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350 Fish Species Inhabit the River

350 Fish Species Inhabit the River

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Some of China’s greatest biodiversity exists in the river basin, not least the vast amount of fish native to the waters. There’s Chinese paddlefish, giant Yangtze sturgeon, silver carp, and yellow catfish, among others. The Chinese puffer fish is both one of the world’s most venomous fish and a Chinese delicacy. Also inhabiting the waters are rare and endangered species such as the Chinese alligator, finless dolphin, giant salamander, and giant softshell turtle. The State Council of China has proposed a complete ban on fishing by 2020.

6 Longest Rivers in the World

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF TRAVEL TRIVIA)

 

6 Longest Rivers in the World

Determining the world’s longest river is more challenging than you might think. There’s often debate over where a river actually starts. With that in mind, we looked into the most agreed-upon top six longest rivers in the world. Here they are.

Yellow River

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The Yellow River, also known as the Huang He, is the sixth longest river in the world and the second longest in China. The river measures 3,395 miles long, and runs from the Bayan Har Mountains in Western China to the Bohai Sea. While the Yellow River was the birthplace of ancient Chinese culture, it has also caused deadly floods and is responsible for several natural disasters.

Yenisei River

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The Yenisei River in Siberia measures 3,445 miles long. Starting in Lake Baikal, the river eventually makes its way to the Arctic Ocean. The Yenisei is one of the three great Siberian rivers, which also includes the Ob and the Lena.

Mississippi River

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The fourth largest river in the world, the 3,902-mile-long Mississippi River runs from northern Minnesota to the Gulf of Mexico. The area where the river meets the sea is known as the Mississippi River Delta. More than just a straight shot dividing the country, the Mississippi is part of the largest river system in North America.

Yangtze River

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Not only is the Yangtze river the third longest river in the world, but it is also the longest river in Asia at 3,917 miles. It also happens to be the longest to flow through one country, as the entire river is located within China. As much as one third of the Chinese population resides within the Yangtze River basin.

Amazon River

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Though a collection of scientists believe the Amazon to be the longest river in the world, confusion over where the river actually begins places it second on this list.

The currently agreed upon length is around 3,976 miles, though, like we mentioned, some say the river is longer. If currently argued values are proven and accepted, the river could be as long as 4,435 miles.

Nile River

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Though it may one day be displaced from its throne by the Amazon, the Nile is currently considered to the longest river in the world, with a generally agreed upon length of around 4,132 miles. This figure could be even longer, actually, with some saying the true length of the river is 4,405 miles.

The Nile is widely known for providing water to Egypt, but is also shared by Sudan, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia and Uganda.

Beijing Gets 70% Of Its Needed Water From The Yangtze River: Is This Sustainable?

Beijing gets 70% water from Yangtze River diversion

ABOUT 70 percent of water used in Beijing comes from China’s Yangtze River valley through a massive water diversion program, water authorities have said.

Over 1.5 billion cubic meters of water were diverted from the Danjiangkou Reservoir conjoining central China’s Henan and Hubei provinces, as of Aug. 10, accounting for 70 percent of Beijing’s water demand.

Water from the Danjiangkou Reservoir began flowing to Beijing in December 2014, as one of the three branches of China’s south-to-north water diversion program, channeling water from the Yangtze River valley in southern China to address water shortages in the country’s north and western regions.

To ensure water quality, Henan has made a 1,595 square km water protection zone near the reservoir and removed nearby factories and companies along the water diversion route to make room for forestry. The province has also put 181 water treatment and soil conservation projects in place to protect water sources.

In exchange for clean water from the south, Beijing has funded water protection and related programs in Henan with 250 million yuan (US$37.69 million) per year since 2014.

Over the past five years, Beijing has signed combined investment deals with Henan worth 1.08 trillion yuan, with 431.9 billion already invested.

Henan is also slated to sign a number of deals with Beijing on Monday, for cooperation in education, technology and many other sectors, authorities said.