China: Shanghai 4th in world ports



Shanghai 4th in world ports

Shanghai ranks the fourth among international shipping centers, following Singapore, Hong Kong and London, according to the latest Xinhua-Baltic Exchange International Shipping Center Development Index on Thursday.

Singapore took top spot with three outstanding factors — port facilities, maritime services and overall environment. Dubai, Rotterdam and Hamburg are also in the top 10 list.

Shipping development in Shanghai and Dubai, two important cities in emerging economies, has increased greatly thanks to their rapidly developing modern maritime collection and distribution system, continuous rising shipping service ability, the driving power of free trade zones, and improved business environment, the index noted.

A total of 43 international port cities were evaluated.

Shipping centers in Asia are full of vitality in development, and their competitiveness is continuously growing, said Cao Zhanzhong, a chief economics analyst at the China Economic Information Service.

Shanghai remains the world’s busiest container port, with a guaranteed capacity of 100 million people and 5.2 million tons, and 110 air carriers had flights to Shanghai, with the airline network covering 297 cities around the world, the city government said last year.

The city is creating a sea and air hub featuring highly concentrated shipping resources, complete shipping service functions, a good shipping market environment and efficient logistics, according to a three-year plan on the city’s international shipping center construction by 2020.

Lifting the transit function of international air cargo and promoting operations of express delivery, cold chain logistics and cross-border e-commerce are on the agenda.

The 4th phase of the Yangshan Deep-Water Port was completed in December 2018, with a berthing capacity of 150,000 tons. The highest throughput of the port reaches 14,451 TEU (20ft equivalent unit) daily, and its yearly throughput is expected to surpass 2 million TEU.

London and Singapore lead in shipping services, said Cao. London is strong in shipping finance and law, while Singapore has advantages in shipping broker and ship management, he said.

China’s coastal cities had an overall good performance, with Zhoushan, Guangzhou, Qingdao and Dalian ranking 13, 16, 17 and 20, respectively.

The index was launched by China Economic Information Service, a subsidiary of Xinhua news agency, China Financial Information Center and the Baltic Exchange.

China: Pudong facility converts waste to fertilizer



Pudong facility converts waste to fertilizer

Pudong facility converts waste to fertilizer

Ti Gong

The factory in the Pudong New Area uses technology of hydrothermal reaction to process wet waste.

A facility that can process 100 tons of wet waste a day has been set up in the Pudong New Area, using technology developed by a team from Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

The facility in Gaodong Town uses hydrothermal reaction, also known as wet oxidation, to process waste. It stimulates the process of how organic matter is turned into chemicals and fuel in nature but speeds it up under high temperatures and high water pressure.

“Each batch of wet waste can be transferred into liquid and solid fertilizers within an hour,” said Jin Fangming, a professor leading the research. “In the whole process, it will not generate any stink or pollutants.”

Jin said the liquid produced can be used as agricultural or aquatic fertilizer directly. The solid residue can not only be used as fertilizer, but also to make products to improve polluted soil, sandy land, polluted air and water.

Jin said traditionally household garbage is either burned or ends up in landfills. But burning causes poisonous pollutants, and landfills are also likely to pollute the environment as they produce leakage and methane. Composting is a new choice for some families to deal with their kitchen waste, but the process is long and inefficient, and also produces odor and residue.

“Instead, the hydrothermal-reaction solution is more eco-friendly as it does not produce odors or pollutants,” she said.

Her team began testing the technology in a canteen on a campus of the university in Minhang District two years ago and dealt with 100 kilograms of kitchen waste a day.

In March this year, they received investment from Zhengjun Environmental Science and Technology Co and the two built the factory in Gaodong to handle 100 tons of wet waste a day. The solution is so efficient that it covers an area of just 60 square meters.

The factory began pilot operation on July 1 and has proven very efficient. It is now ready for real industrial application.

Jin has been researching generating electricity from household waste by hydrothermal-reaction technology for more than 20 years. She has also found solutions to create different conditions for the reaction to produce highly value-added products, such as humic, formic, acetic and lactic acids.

Pudong facility converts waste to fertilizer

Yang Meiping / SHINE

Jin Fangming, a professor leading the research, demonstrates the application of liquid and solid fertilizers produced from wet waste.

China’s new sci-tech board to start trading on July 22



China’s new sci-tech board to start trading on July 22


China’s new science and technology innovation board will start trading on July 22, with the first batch of 25 companies debuting on the board, the Shanghai Stock Exchange announced Friday.

By Thursday, the SSE has handled applications for an initial public offering on the sci-tech board from 141 companies, most of which are in the fields of next-generation IT, biomedicine, advanced equipment and new materials.

The new board, proposed in November 2018 and launched at the SSE last month, is the first submarket of China’s capital market to adopt the registration-based IPO system.

It is aimed to provide direct financing support for tech companies and help the world’s second-largest capital market spearhead a new round of reforms.

China: Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage



Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage

Taking a deep breath, a 40-year-old drug addict surnamed Hu stepped onto a stage at the Gaojing Drug Rehabilitation Center to act in the debut performance of the facility’s drama club.

The patients performed a play entitled “Chaguan,” or “Teahouse,” adapted from a masterpiece written by renowned novelist and playwright Lao She.

The drama club is part of the rehab facility’s arts therapy program. It was initiated by Yin Jun, 33, a center officer who said he believes that drama can help recovering addicts rebuild their confidence. The group, nicknamed “Uncle Yin’s Drama Club,” is the first of its kind in a Shanghai drug rehabilitation center.

“Chaguan” takes place in a typical Beijing teahouse and mirrors the changes in China between 1898 and 1948, running from the late Qing Dynasty (1636-1911) to the end of the Republic of China. To give it a more local flavor, Yin said it was adapted to a Shanghai setting and is played in Shanghai dialect.

Its first act highlights the weakened state of China in 1898, with an impoverished populace, foreign aggression on the rise, and opium flooding into the market. For those in drug rehabilitation, the lesson that drugs are harmful isn’t lost.

Hu admitted he was nervous at the beginning but managed to conquer his stage fright as the play progressed.

“When I was informed that our Shanghainese version of ‘Chaguan’ would be performed in the debut, I was really excited but still worried about my acting ability,” he said. “But I have learned some performing skills, and our drama coach Yin Jun has given us encouragement, so that I feel more confident.”

Yin, who worked at an advertising agency before joining the center, told Shanghai Daily that drama can be “a good tool to enrich the spiritual life and cultural world” of addicts.

The idea has merit, but it can be hard to convince drug takers to open their minds and participate in the arts.

Yin recounted the example of a patient in his 50s who was a recidivist drug taker. At first, he refused to take part in any performance.

“He was asked to perform an episode from the famous Peking opera ‘Shajiabang,’ which is about Chinese war against Japanese invaders, at the center’s Spring Festival celebration this year,” Yin said.

Yin constantly kept at him, and the man finally agreed to take part. It opened a whole new world for him, Yin said.

“Drug addicts all have a dark side and tend to hide their true feelings,” he said. “What we are trying to do is pull them from the darkness and provide them a setting to show their real selves.”

Performing requires concentration that focuses their minds outside of their own lives.

“One of the performers who has the part of a bad guy used to be considered lazy,” Yin said. “But in this play, he has the most lines. He recited the line tirelessly and ran through them with some of his roommates.”

Yin said he saw the man change from a nervous participant to a relatively accomplished actor.

The club can be a bridge between the drug rehabilitation center and the society.

“After these people are released back to society, they will encounter many problems,” he said. “It can take long time to adapt.”

Besides stage dramas, the rehab center is planning to do some video of humorous mini-plays related to the theme of kicking the habit.

Sports also plays a big role in rehabilitation.

According to Wang Xuemei, an executive of the center, 60 drug addicts have been selected for a sports rehabilitation program that includes activities such as tai chi, basketball, dragon and lion dance and aerobics.

Among those in the program is 32-year-old Lin, a former baseball player, who is now the driving force behind the Chinese dragon and lion-dancing team.

“I was a professional athlete for eight or nine years,” Lin told Shanghai Daily. “However, after an injury, I was washed up and my career came to an end.”

He lost hope, fell into depression and began taking drugs.

Lin said he had only seen dragon dancing on television and knew nothing about it until he joined the group.

“Once I watched the efforts and spirit of team members, I wanted to be among them,” he said. “It has helped me out of the darkness. I’m much stronger now, just like I was years ago.”

Art therapy is also used in some local residential communities as part of the city’s community drug rehabilitation program.

At the Daning neighborhood in Jing’an District, former addicts displayed craftworks like Chinese traditional ink paintings, paper cuts and cloth-paste painting to foreign academics who arrived in Shanghai for the 2019 Alcohol and Drugs History Society conference.

Among them is Xie, 49, a former nurse who got hooked on heroin.

She told Shanghai Daily that she underwent a long cycle of rehab and recidivism.

“Every time I left the drug rehabilitation center, I had a sense of inferiority and isolation,” she said. “I felt I was different from others, which made me go back to drugs again.”

Her mother’s death was a catalyst to her quitting drugs. Now she is living with her elder sister and receiving community drug rehabilitation.

“The people here all have similar experiences as me, so I can be myself when facing them. We are like a family,” said Xie.

One of the foreign academics attending the Alcohol and Drugs History Society conference was Professor Nancy D Campbell, head of the Department of Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York. She praised the rehab programs in Shanghai.

“These centers offer what we call ‘alternative reinforcers’ — activities that occupy people’s minds and bodies while they are benefiting from treatments such as methadone and buprenorphine,” she said. “Both should be delivered simultaneously in order to reduce the harms that drugs and alcohol can cause.”

Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage

Ti Gong

Hu and his fellow drama club members are performing a Shanghainese version of “Teahouse” for their more than 100 audience, including the others receiving drug rehabilitation at the city’s Gaojing Drug Rehabilitation Center and some volunteers coming to provide them psychological counseling on the Open Day.

Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage

Ti Gong

Hu and his fellow drama club members are performing a Shanghainese version of “Teahouse,” adapted from a masterpiece written by renowned novelist and playwright Lao She.

Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage

Ti Gong

Lin and the other dragon and lion dance team members are giving a dance on the playground at the Gaojing Drug Rehabilitation Center.

Emerging from the shadows, addicts shed their old identities on stage

Ti Gong

Lin and the other dragon and lion dance team members are giving a dance on the playground at the Gaojing Drug Rehabilitation Center.

China: Hongqiao set to become a business and trading hub for Yangtze Delta integration



Hongqiao set to become a business and trading hub for Yangtze Delta integration

Hongqiao set to become a business and trading hub for Yangtze Delta integration

Ti Gong

China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone

Shanghai’s Hongqiao area will be transformed into an “international central business district and trading center” to serve the national strategy of “integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta Region.”

The other areas in the strategy are the new section of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone and an “ecological green development demonstration zone” in Wujiang in neighboring Jiangsu Province, Jiashan in Zhejiang Province and the Qingpu District in Shanghai.

“Integration and high quality are the keywords for Shanghai, which will play a lead role in the Yangtze River Delta integration,” Shanghai Mayor Ying Yong said at a press conference of the State Council Information Office in Beijing on Tuesday.

The Yangtze River Delta region covers Shanghai and the provinces of Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui. In November 2018, the integration and coordinated development of the area were declared a national strategy. It was announced by President Xi Jinping at the opening of the first China International Import Expo in Shanghai.

The city will take the annual import expo as an opportunity to develop the “Hongqiao International Open-up Hub,” Ying said. It will become a global central business district as well as China’s trading center.

A Hongqiao bonded exhibition and trading center will be set up to attract quality products and services from across the world for the Chinese market.

Shanghai will become a distributing center for the import and export of global merchandise with a strong influence in the Asia Pacific region, the mayor said.

As for the expansion of the free trade zone, Ying said the new area will focus on the world’s most competitive and influential special economic function zone.

General plans for the expansion has been completed and will be officially announced by the central government, he said.

The new zone will mainly explore the convenience and freedom of investment and trade. Innovation and breakthrough will be the key to implement more open policies and institutions.

It will mainly focus on the convenience of investment and business, free entry and exit of cargo, highly open transportation, free employment and swift information. More competitive tax policies will also be implemented, Ying said.

Since its establishment in September 2013, the free trade zone has explored new paths and accumulated experience for deepening China’s reform and opening up. In the World Bank’s latest global assessment of business environments, China ranks 46, up from the previous 78th place, out of 190 countries and regions.

The zone has attracted over 60,000 new companies and contributes a quarter of the city’s GDP and tax revenue. It is home to 45 percent of multinational conglomerates’ regional headquarters and foreign research and development centers in the city.

It has generated over 120 institutional innovations that can be replicated throughout the country, according to the city government. After Shanghai, 11 more pilot free trade zones were established in China.

The Yangtze River Delta is one of the most dynamic, open and innovative economic powerhouses of the country.

Shanghai has joined its neighboring provinces to establish a regional collaboration office and drawing up a three-year action plan.

As part of the plan, the demonstration zone for integrated green development of the region aims to create good examples of eco-friendly integration, innovate in institutions and strengthen joint innovation in reform measures, Ying said.

The city’s Qingpu District has announced a new round of infrastructure and service construction plans for 128 major projects worth 145.8 billion yuan (US$ 21.2 billion).

The joint efforts for the integration have shown initial effects, the mayor said. Over 50,000 patients in the Yangtze delta, for instance, have benefited from the policy to cover medical insurance to hospitals in cities across the delta, he added.

China: Tesla to deliver Shanghai-manufactured model 3 in 6-10 months



Tesla to deliver Shanghai-manufactured model 3 in 6-10 months



Aerial view of the Tesla Shanghai Gigafactory under construction in Lingang, Shanghai, China, on May 10, 2019.

Tesla announced Friday that the model 3 manufactured in the Shanghai gigafactory was available for pre-order with starting price of 328,000 yuan (US$47,529) and expected to deliver in six to 10 months.

The Shanghai-manufactured model 3 is more affordable than the imported counterpart, which has a starting price of 377,000 yuan.

Customers can pre-order both online and offline. Tesla will bring the newest V3 supercharger to Chinese market by the end of the year.

The Tesla factory, with an investment of over 50 billion yuan, is the largest foreign-invested manufacturing project in Shanghai’s history, and Tesla’s first outside the United States.

Tesla signed an agreement with the Shanghai municipal government in July 2018 to build the factory.

China: Escalated trade tensions disrupt China’s pork imports from US



Escalated trade tensions disrupt China’s pork imports from US


The escalating trade conflicts have consequently disrupted Chinese pork imports from the United States, according to the Ministry of Commerce.

Chinese companies make their own decisions as to whether to import pork from the US or not, the spokesperson Gao Feng said at a press conference on Thursday.

His comments came as some reports said China recently canceled import order for up to 1,000 tons of US pork.

Gao said there are no other limits or management measures in terms of pork imports except that they have to comply with quarantine standards, and Chinese companies can make their own business decisions and freely trade according to market supply and demand, prices and quality.

China has increased its meat imports since the second half of 2018 partly due to the declines in pig breeding stock and pork output.

Meat imports stood at 1.11 million tons during the first quarter, up 11.6 percent year on year, Gao said, adding that he expects the country will continue to increase meat imports over the rest of the year.

Germany, Spain, the US, Canada, Denmark, Brazil, Netherland and France are among the major sources of China’s pork imports, according to data from Chinese customs.

China: How my friend’s police run-in could help you if you’re ever falsely accused



How my friend’s police run-in could help you if you’re ever falsely accused

This week a friend had a terrifying experience: He found himself handcuffed on Nanjing Road E. after he more or less admitted to shoplifting. Problem is, he never stole anything.

It was a very valuable lesson for him in the importance of keeping a cool and level head under moments of extreme stress.

The drama began as my friend, a local who wishes not to be named, was approached by two men claiming to be plain-clothes police officers. They asked to look in his bag and said staff at H&M suspected he stole a white T-shirt from there.

He had just left H&M, so wondered if the men had been watching him and were trying to scam him.

At this point he did the right thing and refused to open his bag until the officers could prove who they really were. They did so by approaching a uniformed officer on the street to verify their identity.

That’s when things started getting heated.

My friend, who was wearing a white H&M T-shirt, had another white H&M T-shirt in his bag. The officers asked him if he just stole it, and in the heat of the moment he began to believe that maybe he did.

He had just been trying on T-shirts in the changing room at the clothing outlet and left without buying anything. That’s when he started to question himself: “Could I have accidentally put it in my bag?!”

“I didn’t take it on purpose,” he said. A huge mistake.

That’s when he was placed in handcuffs and taken to the nearest police station as he cried and tried to convince the officers that he is a good person and would never do such a thing.

They told him that, since the T-shirt was only worth 39 yuan (US$5.75), he could write an apology letter, which he did at the station, and then they’d take him back to the store to pay for the T-shirt. The important thing is that you learn a lesson from this and don’t steal again, the officers said.

It was on their way back to H&M in a police car that he had time to finally calm down and think clearly. That’s when he realized where the whole situation had gone off the rails.

The T-shirt in his bag wasn’t new at all — it was a T-shirt he had bought weeks before which he planned to wear for dance class after work. He had somehow, in the heat of the moment, forgotten and then been led down a path which ended up with him being arrested.

“Why did you admit you stole it then?” the officers asked.

And that’s the scary thing: He never really admitted to stealing anything, but under immense pressure he allowed himself to be led astray, and it could have cost him dearly.

In the end the situation was left there and, thankfully, no records were taken of the incident. But it was a good lesson for my friend, and now hopefully for others, too.

Probably a better idea would have been to first request that the store in question provide video evidence of a crime taking place, especially since nothing was actually stolen. Unfortunately, though, H&M refused to look through the video footage to vindicate my friend, claiming that they were too busy — they said that thefts occur dozens of times a day and that if they had to provide evidence each time it would be too much.

To be honest, that’s a bit slack, especially when it comes to accusing someone of stealing something.

Most importantly, though, never admit — or even allude — to having done anything you didn’t do. It sounds easy in retrospect, but it really needs to become second nature in case you ever find yourself in a similar situation.

This incident involved a series of people confused about an alleged crime that never actually took place. Things would have been put to bed much quicker if my friend remained calm, had confidence in himself, stuck his ground and demanded video evidence.

So that’s my advice here, however simple: Stay calm, take a deep breath, sit down if you need to, and try your best not to end up in a sticky situation.

Spying Airbnb Host Detained And Fined



Spying Airbnb host detained and fined

An Airbnb host from Qingdao in Shandong Province was given a 20-day detention and fined 500 yuan (US$74) after a guest found a hidden webcam in his bedroom, Beijing Youth Daily reported on Monday.

The guest told the newspaper he booked the house at the end of March. “When I booked, it cost about 1,700 yuan (US$250) for three nights, and the host was labeled as ‘excellent’ by the site and has many positive comments by customers.” He said he hadn’t met the host, only communicating via WeChat.

Because he is engaged in information security, the guest added, he made it a habit of checking rooms for security flaws. For example, if it was possible to open a locked door from the outside.

When he and his party arrived at the house around 10pm on May 1 his suspicions were aroused.

“There were three motion sensors in the porch and two bedrooms, but the whole house was not equipped with a smart home system.”

Motion sensors are used in smart home networks in order to know if someone is in the house when it should be empty or to start smart devices.

This discovery prompted him to further examine the entire house. He then noticed something unusual about the Wi-Fi router — one of the indicator lights looked different and he suspected it was a camera.

The camera lens hidden in a Wi-Fi router spotted by the Airbnb guest.

Excess wiring and a memory card were found in the router.

Opening it up, he found there was wiring inside than in normal routers. After consulting a WeChat group for advice he confirmed that the device had been converted when it was compared to similar models. “I took the router apart and when I turned the screw, I found it was very loose, which made me more sure about my suspicion because if it was original and unchanged, the screw would be tight.”

Inside, he found a memory card, which a normal router doesn’t need. “I called the police immediately after I saw the card.” The police took the card and other electronic devices away and the guest moved to another hotel. The next day he gave police a statement.

He told the newspaper that his work involved Internet security and part of a course on privacy protection was on how to find spy cameras.

He showed the newspaper’s reporter the administrative punishment issued by Laoshan police. The ruling said the host had illegally installed a pin-hole camera in a bedroom facing the bed. The host also didn’t have a legal permit to offer accommodation for rent.

Executed concurrently, the homeowner got 20-day detention with a 500 yuan fine and the homestay was shut down.

The guest said Airbnb had refunded his stay. Airbnb told the newspaper it had given a full refund after the guest reported the incident to them on the night of May 2 and had guaranteed to pay for his hotel room.

Airbnb said it had apologized and promised to follow up the incident. The company had a zero-tolerance approach to invasions of privacy and had permanently removed the property from its platform.

Airbnb requires hosts to disclose all surveillance devices in their listings, and prohibits any surveillance devices that observe the interior of certain private spaces (such as bedrooms and bathrooms) regardless of whether they’ve been disclosed.

Shanghai lawyer Spring Liu, a partner in the Duan & Duan Law Firm, told Shanghai Daily that under Chinese law e-commerce operators are supposed to verify the business qualifications of merchants to protect consumers’ rights and interests. In this case, Liu said, the platform should be held accountable if it had failed to verify the host or if it knew or should have known that the host had breached the privacy of customers but hadn’t taken any necessary measures to stop it. The local market authorities could launch an investigation and issues penalties if there were violations of the law.

The platform is registered in Beijing, according to the online National Enterprise Credit Information Publicity System.

In March, The Atlantic magazine reported that Max Vest, who stayed with the host of a Miami Airbnb in January, had found two small, black, rectangular boxes facing the bed. They looked like phone chargers but when he got closer, he realized they were cameras and were recording. Airbnb refunded his money and removed the host from its site.

China’s energy consumption structure continues to optimize: report



China’s energy consumption structure continues to optimize: report


China saw an optimized energy consumption structure last year with an increase of clean energy, an industry report showed.

Consumption of clean energy, including natural gas, hydropower, nuclear power and wind power, accounted for 22.1 percent of energy consumed last year, up 1.3 percentage points from 2017, China Electric Power Planning & Engineering Institute said in a report.

Coal consumption accounted for 59 percent of the total energy consumption in 2018, down 1.4 percentage points year on year, according to the report.

Total energy consumption reached 4.64 billion tonnes of standard coal, a year-on-year growth of 3.3 percent, the fastest growth since 2014, the report said.

The report also predicted that China’s energy consumption will continue the clean and efficient trend in 2019.