Brazil: Bolsonaro must even flee UN General Assembly



Bolsonaro must even flee UN General Assembly

Jair Bolsonaro, who previously said he would “even on a stretcher” at the opening of the United Nations General Assembly, must remain in Brazil, claiming health care. Advisers say he would be the object of protests over the destruction of the Amazon. Another fact that motivates manifestations against him are his public praise for dictators and his postures against the most elementary principles of civilization.


247 – Jair Bolsonaro is expected to flee the opening of the United Nations General Assembly on September 24, although he said he would “go wheelchair-wise.” “Members of Planalto Palace already admit that the chief executive may not attend the event next week in New York, United States. Officially, the alleged reasons are only medical restrictions. Bolsonaro recovers from surgery to correct a hernia However, even before the medical procedure, some advisers privately assess that, after controversies involving the burning of the Amazon rain forest, there is also a political risk for the possibility of protests, “said journalists Jussara Soares and Gustavo. Maia, in a report published in Globo.

“Among the president’s aides and family members, there is disagreement about whether or not to go to the UN. The medical team that performed the last surgery and people close to Bolsonaro recommend that he not travel to preserve himself. Interlocutors told the report that the first Michelle Bolsonaro tries to convince her husband to cancel the trip. Another group argues that the moment is crucial for the Bolsonaro government to stand before the international community and make a public defense of the sovereignty of the Amazon, “says the report, without paying attention. to the fact that Bolsonaro intends to open the Amazon for commercial exploitation by Donald Trump.

Another fact that motivates manifestations against him are his public praise for dictators and his postures contrary to the most elementary principles of civilization. According to Ambassador Rubens Ricupero, Bolsonaro is an unrepresentable figure in the world.

Brazil Amazon: Old enemies unite to save their land



Brazil Amazon: Old enemies unite to save their land

Kayapó and Panará during the meetingImage copyright LUCAS LANDAU/REDE XINGU+
Image caption Kayapó and Panará, once rivals, have united against the policies of the Brazilian government

While the world’s attention has been focused on the fires raging in the Amazon rain forest in Brazil, indigenous people living there have warned that the policies of President Jair Bolsonaro pose a bigger threat to their existence.

Rival groups have now come together to fight the government’s plans for the region that is their home, as BBC News Brasil’s João Fellet reports from the Amazon village of Kubenkokre.

Dozens of indigenous people gathered in this remote part of northern Brazil last month after travelling for days by bus and boat.

The meeting brought together formerly sworn enemies such as the Kayapó and the Panará.

The two groups were at war for decades, raiding each other’s villages in tit-for-tat attacks. The warring came to a brutal end in 1968, when an attack by the Kayapó, who came armed with guns, left 26 Panará, who only had arrows to defend themselves, dead.

Tensions remained high for years but according to those gathered in Kubenkokre, the two sides have now overcome their animosity for a greater goal.

“Today, we have only one enemy, the government of Brazil, the president of Brazil, and those invading [indigenous territories],” Kayapó leader Mudjire explained.

“We have internal fights but we’ve come together to fight this government.”

His words were echoed by Panará leader Sinku: “We’ve killed the Kayapó and the Kayapó have killed us, we’ve reconciled and will no longer fight.”

“We’ve got a shared interest to stand together so the non-indigenous people don’t kill all of us,” he said, referring to the threats posed by the arrival of miners and loggers carrying out illegal activities in their area.

‘69,000 football fields lost’

More than 800,000 indigenous people live in 450 demarcated indigenous territories across Brazil, about 12% of Brazil’s total territory. Most are located in the Amazon region and some groups still live completely isolated and without outside contact.

President Jair Bolsonaro, who took office in January, has repeatedly questioned whether these demarcated territories – which are enshrined in Brazil’s constitution – should continue to exist, arguing that their size is disproportionate to the number of indigenous people living there.

His plans to open up these territories for mining, logging and agriculture are controversial, and any change to their status would need to be passed by the Brazilian Congress.

Encontro no XinguImage copyright LUCAS LANDAU/REDE XINGU+
Image caption Indigenous groups performed traditional dances and songs during the meeting

But it is something that worries the indigenous leaders gathered in Kubenkokre. “Other presidents had more concern for our land. [Mr Bolsonaro] isn’t concerned about this, he wants to put an end to what our people have and to how we live,” explains Panará leader Sinku.

“That’s why I have a heavy heart and that’s why we’re here talking to each other.”

In some demarcated areas, loggers and miners are already at work after some local indigenous leaders granted them permission.

Indigenous leader Bepto Xikrin told the gathering how some 400 miners and loggers had illegally entered the Bacajá territory since the start of the year. He said that members of his indigenous group were scared and did not know what to do.

And according to a network of 24 environmental and indigenous groups, Rede Xingu+, an area equivalent to 69,000 football fields was destroyed between January and June of this year alone in the Xingu river region.

Doto TakakireImage copyright LUCAS LANDAU/REDE XINGU+
Image caption Kayapó leader Doto Takakire shows some of the destroyed areas in the Xingu basin

Heavy machinery has caused major damage and the Fresco and Branco rivers that run through the region have been contaminated with mercury.

Kayapó leader Doto Takakire said illegal mining had been further encouraged by the fact that it often goes unpunished.

Analysis by BBC Brasil shows the number of fines handed out by the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (Ibama) for environmental violations has dropped significantly since President Bolsonaro took office on 1 January.

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A graph showing the number of fines handed out since 2009
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Mr Bolsonaro has in the past pledged to limit the fines imposed for damaging the Amazon and many blame the president for Ibama’s current weak position.

‘We won’t repeat the past’

At the meeting – which was held in both Portuguese and Kayapó – participants discussed projects for their region’s economic developments which do not contribute to deforestation, such as handicrafts and the processing of native fruits.

“[I’m concerned] about the trees, water, fish, the non-indigenous people who want to enter our land,” explained Sinku. “I don’t want to contaminate the water with [toxic products from] mining… That’s why I’m here.”

Indigenous groups which have allowed miners on to their land were not invited, an omission which some of those attending described as a missed opportunity.

“There’s no-one here who wants agribusiness or mining in their villages, so are we just going to talk amongst ourselves?” Kayapó leader Oé asked.

Media caption   Why the Amazon rain forest helps fight climate change

The fires which have been burning across the Amazon were not a big topic of debate at the gathering, in part because they have mainly happened outside protected indigenous reserves but also because those gathered consider illegal mining and logging as more pressing threats.

“We won’t repeat the past,” Kayapó leader Kadkure concluded. “From now on, we’ll be united.”

7 Largest Forests in the World



7 Largest Forests in the World

Forests are the lungs of the planet. As trees “breath,” they take in carbon while emitting the oxygen for us animals to inhale. In total, forests cover approximately one-third of the planet. Individually, different types of forests create their own biological zones around the globe, with unique plants and animals found only within their confines. While misuse, deforestation and development have wreaked havoc on this essential earth element, there is still plenty we can do to help regreen the groves. Reforestation, conservation efforts and better land stewardship offer hope. The following list breaks down the largest remaining contiguous stands of trees.

Daintree Forest

Credit: ProDesign studio/Shutterstock

Daintree is the largest contiguous forest in Australia. At around 463 square miles, it blankets the northeast corner of the country and shades the coastline of the Daintree River. Some 90 percent of butterfly and bat species can be found here. For the bats, the forest’s more than 10,000 insect species mean plenty of snacks. The namesake of this wooded track is Richard Daintree, a famous Australian photographer and geologist. Within its borders can be found a large percentage of Australia’s unique indigenous reptiles and birds.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest

Credit: HelloRF Zcool/Shutterstock

Enveloping 927 square miles in China’s southern province of Yunnan, this high-altitude tropical rainforest is one of the world’s most pristine. Its vast expanse is so diverse that it is divided into many sub-forest types comprising eight distinct biological areas, each of which contains many extremely rare specimens found only here. Upwards of 3,500 types of flora have been scientifically documented. Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest’s sheer biodiversity and volume of rarities make it a field day for researchers.


Credit: Matyas Rehak/Shutterstock

Geographically split roughly 60/40 between Bangladesh and India is the 3,861 square-miles of the Sundarbans, the largest contiguous mangrove forest left on earth. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is specifically classified as a “halophytic” rainforest, meaning it is highly tolerant of excessive salt content and high water levels. Within its dense confines prowl endangered big cats. For example, in India parts of the Sunbardans are designated as National Park, Biosphere Reserve and Tiger Preserve. In neighboring Bangladesh, vast swaths of mangrove have Protected Forest status, also territory prime for protected felines.

Tongass National Forest

Credit: Keith Michael Taylor/Shutterstock

Alaska’s Tongass National Forest is the largest in the United States, the world’s fourth biggest forest at 26,256 square miles in total area. Its dense stands of evergreens cover most of Southeast Alaska, including near landmarks such as the famous Inside Passage. The near pristine preserve proffers wildlife such as eagles, bears and rivers running with salmon. Park outfitters offer sled dog rides on glacier snow fields, while the more adventurous can seek out safe ursine encounters at Admiralty Island’s Pack Creek Brown Bear Viewing Area. Area culture is on display at the Southeast Alaska Discovery Center, with easy visitor access just a short walk from the cruise ship docks in Ketchikan.

Valdivian Temperate Rainforest

Credit: Juan Vilata/Shutterstock

With an area of 95,800 square miles the Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest is the third largest forest in the world. (For comparison, California clocks in at 164,000 square miles in area.)  The Valdivian takes its name from the founder of the city of Valdivia, which is the capital today of both the Los Rios Region and Valdivia Province. The forest cloaks a vast area of South America, including parts in Chile and extending into Argentina. It features unbroken stands of conifers and deciduous trees with a dense understory of lush ferns and thickets of bamboo, all of which are much needed cover for a multitude of delicate animals and ecosystems.

Congo Basin Rainforest

Credit: Cocos.Bounty/Shutterstock

At a gigantic 781,249 square miles, the Congo Basin Rainforest is larger in area than the state of Alaska. This has much to do with the sheer size of the Congo River, one of the world’s largest, and the rich growth throughout its vast, fertile watershed. Ranging from subtropical to tropical, the moist broadleaf forests of the Congo taken together form a biome that continues from the Congo’s basin to those of its tributaries in Central Africa. Diversity in this colossal, connected collection of forests is highly abundant. For example, of more than 10,000 plant species found here, around 29 percent of them are indigenous, or unique, to the Congo.

Amazon Rainforest

Credit: streetflash/Shutterstock

Touching at least parts of PeruBrazil, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Surinam, Guyana and Venezuela, just the Amazon’s list of country associations is impressive. So much so, it is also hard to imagine the sheer scope of this rainforest, which is an unfathomable 2.1 million square miles in overall width and breadth. Given that, it is still smaller than it used to be, suffering from ongoing mismanagement and degradation. What’s at stake are the Amazon’s biodiversity and its ability to scrub gigatons of carbon monoxide from our atmosphere. Due to its enormous size, the Amazon Basin’s wellbeing has vast implications for our climate in the near future, making it perhaps one of the most important environmental reclamation projects humankind could undertake.

Brazil: Lula: “Amazon is the Brazilian people and not hostage to the perversions of this government”



Lula: “Amazon is the Brazilian people and not hostage to the perversions of this government”

Amid the rampant increase in Amazon deforestation, former President Lula says protecting the forest is a matter of national sovereignty; “The Bolsonaro government’s surrender logic begins to reach the heart of one of our greatest assets,” says Lula on Twitter;

247 – Former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva criticized on Tuesday (6) the increase in deforestation rates in the Amazon rainforest after the investiture of Jair Bolsonaro.

In a message published by the official profile of the former president, Lula calls for the defense of the forest and states that protecting the Amazon is a matter of national sovereignty.

“The Bolsonaro government’s surrender logic begins to reach the heart of one of our greatest assets. Defending the Amazon is an urgent matter of national sovereignty. The forest belongs to the Brazilian people and is not hostage to the perversions of this government, ”said Lula.

According to data from the Detection of Real Time Deforestation (Deter), released on Tuesday, 6, by the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe), deforestation in the Amazon in July this year had a growth of 278% compared to the same month of the year. last year. 

In June this year, Deter pointed to an 88% growth in deforestation compared to June 2018.


Brazil: Deforestation in Brazil grows 67% by July, while government attacks data



Deforestation in Brazil grows 67% by July, while government attacks data

Inpe’s monitoring system recorded destruction of 2,255 km² in the Amazon in July, more than three times the same month in 2018; area is the largest recorded by Inpe in recent years, and corresponds to the territory of Luxembourg

BRASILIA (Reuters) – Deforestation in the Amazon rain forest jumped by 67 percent in the first seven months of 2019, according to preliminary data from the Brazilian space research agency, which the government attacks as misleading and detrimental to national interests. 

The monitoring system recorded the destruction of 2,255 square kilometers in the Amazon in July, more than three times the same month in 2018, according to the National Space Research Institute (Inpe). The area is the largest registered by Inpe in recent years, and corresponds to the territory of Luxembourg. 

Environmentalists and researchers blame President Jair Bolsonaro’s economic development rhetoric for encouraging illegal loggers, farmers and miners, who have stepped up since he took office in January. 

Bolsonaro vehemently criticized Inpe’s data and dismissed the agency’s director last Friday over what he called “lies” affecting the country’s trade talks. 

“Such news that does not match the truth wreaks havoc on Brazil’s image,” Bolsonaro told a news conference last week. 

The institute’s independent scientists and environmentalists, however, argue that the data is accurate. Dismissed director Ricardo Galvão told Reuters on Saturday he continued to defend the numbers that showed an “undeniable” increase in deforestation. 

Due to the occurrence of clouds and other factors, deforestation in a month may have occurred in a previous month, Environment Minister Ricardo Salles said last week. In a conference with Bolsonaro, the minister suggested that discrepancies make it impossible to trust the data. 

Salles said deforestation should be measured only with more accurate annual data, published in the so-called Prodes data series, rather than Deter’s fast-response data that is updated almost daily. 

But comparing longer periods of time – the first seven months of the year, for example – virtually eliminates fears about when deforestation actually occurred, said Tasso Azevedo, coordinator of the MapBiomas geographic initiative. 

MapBiomas is a collaboration between universities, non-profit organizations, and technology companies to monitor deforestation, and uses different data sources, including Inpe numbers. 

Azevedo rates government criticism of the Deter system data as “baseless” and estimates the accuracy to be over 90 percent. 

The sharp increases in rapid response data consistently corresponded to an increase in data from the end of last year, he added. 

In fact, Prodes annual data have always shown worse deforestation data than Deter’s data over the past decade. 

“Why does Salles spend so much time trying to say that the alerts came before or after, when he could use that time to take some action?” Azevedo said. “Instead of indicating what they are doing to reduce deforestation, they criticize the data.” 

Canada to phase out coal-fired electricity by 2030 to reduce carbon emission


Canada to phase out coal-fired electricity by 2030 to reduce carbon emission

    • AFP, Ottawa

|Updated: Nov 22, 2016 01:09 IST

Canada phase out its coal-fired power plants by 2030 to reduce greenhouse gas emission. (Reuters/Representational image)

Canada will shutter its coal-fired power plants by 2030 as part of its strategy to cut greenhouse gas emission under the Paris climate accord, Environment Minister Catherine McKenna announced Monday.

The plants, located in four provinces, produce about 10 percent of Canada’s total CO2 emissions, and closing them will remove the equivalent in emissions of 1.3 million cars from roads, or five megatons of greenhouse gas emissions, she told a press conference.

“As part of our government’s vision for a clean growth economy, we will be accelerating the transition from traditional coal power to clean energy by 2030,” she said.

With an abundance of hydroelectric power, as well as nuclear, solar and wind power, 80 percent of Canada’s electricity production emits no air pollution.

McKenna said she aims to ramp that up to 90 percent by 2030. Citing National Energy Board figures, she noted that wind power-generating capacity increased twenty-fold in the past decade while solar capacity rose 125 percent.

The minister, however, added that carbon capture would be an acceptable substitute to closing a plant if Alberta, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia or Saskatchewan province wished to continue burning coal.

Saskatchewan has resisted strong climate action, which it says would harm its vast agricultural and burgeoning oil sectors.

It is testing the world’s first large-scale carbon capture and storage, built into a SaskPower coal-fired plant in the Canadian prairies.

Ottawa economics professor and energy policy expert Jean-Thomas Bernard, however, said efforts to capture and store coal have proven to be costly — Can $1.4 billion for the SaskPower Boundary Dam pilot project to produce 115 megawatts of electricity.

“We’ve been talking about clean coal for 20 years and it’s not yet realized commercially so there must be major difficulties with the technology,” he opined.

“Coal is a relatively small part” of Canada’s energy mix, he added.

Most of the coal plants in Canada are “quite old” and could be replaced with clean alternatives at “very reasonable costs,” he told AFP.

Hastening to clean economy

McKenna also set a new more ambitious goal of reducing total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80 percent by 2050, from 2005 levels.

Environmental activists and opposition parties had until now criticized the Liberal government for having kept the previous administration’s GHG emissions reduction target of 30 percent by 2030.

The move to accelerate weaning Canada off coal comes as Austria, Britain, Denmark, France and the Netherlands do the same.

It could, however, put Canada on a divergent path from the United States, its neighbor and largest trading partner.

Last year’s Paris Agreement set a goal of limiting average global warming to 2.0 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) over pre-Industrial Revolution levels by cutting greenhouse gas emissions from burning fossil fuels.

Countries including the United States have pledged to curb emissions under the deal by moving to renewable energy sources.

But US President-elect Donald Trump has vowed to “cancel” the pact and boost oil, gas and coal, dismissing climate change as a “hoax” perpetrated by China.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s cabinet is due to announce in the coming weeks whether it will greenlight the construction of two new pipelines to bring oil and gas to tidewater in order to ship Canada’s abundant energy resources to new overseas markets.

Most of Canada’s energy exports currently go to the United States.

Critics questioned the government’s paradoxical support for the construction of new pipelines while championing climate action.

“It is our hope that Canada’s climate action plan will include corresponding measures to address emissions from oil and gas,” Citizens for Public Justice policy analyst Karri Munn-Venn said in a statement.

Trudeau has already spoken out publicly against the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline for crossing the world’s largest coastal temperate rain forest in British Columbia.

Observers, however, believe the cabinet will support building a second pipeline alongside the existing Trans Mountain pipeline from Edmonton to Vancouver, as it looks to balance economic and environmental interests.