5 Native American Tribes You Should Know



5 Native American Tribes You Should Know

Long before Europeans showed up in North America, Native Americans had been living here for centuries in every corner of the country. Just as the landscapes of the continent are vastly diverse, so too are the land’s native residents. Every Native American tribe has its own unique culture, customs, and history, all of which deserve a full deep dive. Today, the U.S. government officially recognizes 562 different tribes; here are five major ones you should know.

Aerial view of Monument Valley in Navajo Nation with clouds in sky
Credit: Beth Ruggiero-York/ Shutterstock

The Navajo tribe (sometimes spelled “Navaho”) live in the southwestern United States around New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. Navajo Nation extends for more than 27,000 square miles with almost 300,000 people, making it one of the largest Native American reservations in the country and the second-most populous behind the Cherokee.

It’s believed that the Navajo moved to the area between 1100 and 1500 CE. They were originally hunters and gatherers, but once they arrived in the Southwest, they adopted farming practices from the nearby Pueblo tribe and settled down.

During World War II, the United States was in need of a new secret code that couldn’t be deciphered by the Japanese or Germans. The Navajo people stepped up. They spoke a completely different language, a language that the nobody in any other country knew how to speak. They could send messages in their Navajo language, without any code at all, and the enemy wouldn’t be able to understand it. The brave Navajo Code Talkers, as they became known, were instrumental in the war effort. Without them, the U.S. would not have been so successful.


Pokanoket Wampanoag tribe member with traditional clothes and feather headdress
Credit: MyTravelCurator/ Shutterstock

“Wampanoag” means “People of the First Light,” which is perfect for a tribe that lives in Massachusetts and Rhode Island as they were literally one of the first people on the continent to see the sunrise every morning. The tribes were semi-sedentary and would typically move between two fixed camps depending on the season and hunting availability.

In the 1600s as many as 40,000 Wampanoag people lived throughout what we now call New England. Most notable was the high chief Massasoit. When the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620, Massasoit made a treaty with them, and with the help of his interpreter, Tisquantum, who is better known as Squanto, they essentially saved the Pilgrims’ lives by helping them through their first harsh winter.

In 1621, the Wampanoag and the Pilgrims had a feast to celebrate their first year’s harvest. It’s now known as the first Thanksgiving. Today, around 5,000 Wampanoag still live in New England. Most of them live in the Martha’s Vineyard area.


View of the Bosque del Apache national wildlife refuge in the southwest, New Mexico
Credit: Joe Y Jiang/ Shutterstock

The Apache tribe dominated the Southwest across modern-day New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Texas, and northern parts of Mexico. They were a nomadic people that relied on the buffalo for food and clothing. Based on their language, it’s believed that they moved to the Southwest from western Canada around the year 1100 CE.

After Europeans arrived on the land, the Apaches were one of the first tribes to adopt from them horseback riding as their primary mode of transportation — and adopt it they did. Despite their short time around horses, the Apaches quickly became some of the best riders in the West.

They originally attempted to befriend the Spanish, Mexicans, and Americans in the 17th century, but that relationship quickly dissolved when Spanish slave traders attempted to capture Apache people for work in the mines. The Apaches began raiding encampments throughout the area, and their fierce fighting abilities became legend. In 1861 an official confrontation between the U.S. military and the Apache people began. For 25 years, they battled back and forth for the land. Eventually, the Apache surrendered and moved to a reservation in New Mexico.

Even though the conflict was technically over, some Apache leaders refused to give up their nomadic lifestyle and continued to raid the United States. The Apache leader Geronimo was probably the most feared and influential warrior during this time.


Mountains and desert in Wyoming under blue skies
Credit: Evgeny Dubinchuk/ Shutterstock

Shoshone tribes lived in the western part of the U.S. in the areas now occupied by Wyoming, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, and California. In 1845, there were an estimated 4,500 Shoshone people living in the United States.

One of the most famous Shoshone individuals, and Native Americans in general, is Sacagawea. When Lewis and Clark began their famous expedition to explore the West, they enlisted the help of a local Native American who could speak English. She served as their translator and guide on the voyage. It’s likely that the trip wouldn’t have been a success without her.


Close view of Sioux tribal Lakota Nation flag waving in the wind against a sunset
Credit: Aleks_Shutter/ Shutterstock

The Sioux people are actually an alliance of three separate tribes that speak different dialects. The Lakota people lived in North and South Dakota, the Dakota in Minnesota and Nebraska, and the Nakota in the western Dakotas and Montana.

Sioux tribes were mostly nomadic and followed the buffalo around the plains. They were also fierce warriors. The men earned prestige for their families based on how many scalps they could take in battle. Religion played a major role in everyday life. They believed in one god, called Wakan Tanka, who controlled everything.

Red Cloud and Crazy Horse are two of the most notable Sioux leaders who led campaigns against the encroaching settlers looking for gold. As the conflict escalated, the U.S. government sent 300 men led by General George Custer to resolve the conflict. Sitting Bull famously defeated General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn in 1876.





) Speaker of the 24th Navajo Nation Council Seth Damon, President Jonathan Nez, and Chief
Justice JoAnn Jayne at the signing ceremony for “Navajo Nation Code Talkers Week” at the Navajo Veterans
Memorial Park in Window Rock, Ariz. on Aug. 12, 2019.

Published August 12, 2019

WINDOW ROCK, Ariz. — Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez, 24th Navajo Nation Speaker Seth Damon, and Chief Justice JoAnn Jayne signed a proclamation on Monday to recognizing Aug. 12 to 16, 2019 as “Navajo Nation Code Talkers Week.”

The Navajo Nation Code Talkers Week acknowledges and commemorates the invaluable contributions of the Navajo Code Talkers in collaboration with the annual “Navajo Code Talker Day” on Aug. 14, to honor the brave Navajo men who protected our people, freedom, and land.

“Today is a remarkable day for the Navajo Nation as we recognize and honor our great, selfless, and brave Navajo warriors and their families and communities. Many of our Code Talkers have gone on, but we are blessed to have several that remain with us to this day. Our Navajo Code Talkers deserve a salute for their bravery and courage to defend and protect our country using our sacred Diné language,” said President Nez.

“The contributions our Navajo Code Talkers and veterans made for our country are beyond immeasurable. Their precise use of our language as a code demonstrated the power of Diné Bizaad in restoring balance, peace and security to our homeland. Afterward, many continued their service after their return from the war as Councilmen for the Navajo Tribe. Today, the Navajo Nation signs this proclamation for Navajo Nation Code Talkers Week in recognition of the unfailing service that all Navajo Code Talkers carried out for our People,” said Speaker Damon.

Chief Justice JoAnn B. Jayne said, “We are blessed and grateful for the Navajo Code Talkers who have given us freedom. Our language has always been paramount to our sovereignty and our survival as a people. We must continue to honor the legacy of the Navajo Code Talkers by speaking Diné Bizaad every day and teaching our language to our children.”

During the signing, President Nez highlighted the historic proclamation signed by former U.S. President Ronald Reagan that designated August 14 as the National Navajo Code Talkers Day. President Reagan’s proclamation allowed the Navajo Code Talkers to be properly recognized after decades of secrecy around the Navajo Code Talkers program. The Navajo Nation made a similar declaration in 2006.

In 1942, the Navajo Nation answered the call of the United States of America during World War II and sent brave men and boys, known at the Navajo Code Talkers, to defend the Navajo people, Navajo Nation, and the country. The young Navajo Marines helped to devise an impenetrable code based on Diné Bizaad, the Navajo language, that is widely acknowledged as the deciding factor in the Pacific Theater of the war effort.

“We ask our people to take time during the week to remember those who have passed on and their families who continue to honor them. Most of us will never experience what the Navajo Code Talkers and their families went through, but we can thank them by honoring their duty and our sacred language,” added Vice President Lizer.

Navajo Code Talkers Day events are scheduled for August 13 and 14, 2019 in Window Rock, Ariz. The events include a family-run, parade, storytelling, recognition and gourd dance. For more information regarding the events, contact Yvonne Kee-Billison at (928) 871-7000.

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At a Navajo veterans’ event, Trump makes ‘Pocahontas’ crack


Trump makes Pocahontas crack to code talkers

At a Navajo veterans’ event, Trump makes ‘Pocahontas’ crack


  • Trump has called Warren “Pocahontas” in the past
  • The President did not specifically name Warren

Washington (CNN)President Donald Trump, during an event at the White House honoring Navajo code talkers Monday, referenced his nickname for Sen. Elizabeth Warren, “Pocahontas,” a label he has long used about the Massachusetts Democrat.

“I just want to thank you because you are very, very special people. You were here long before any of us were here,” Trump said. “Although, we have a representative in Congress who has been here a long time … longer than you — they call her Pocahontas!”
He then turned to one of the code talkers behind him, put his left hand on the man’s shoulder and said: “But you know what, I like you. You are special people.”
Trump did not name Warren.
The comment, met with silence from event attendees, revives an insult the President has long thrust upon Warren but restated during a high-profile meeting with the Native American war heroes.
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“It is deeply unfortunate that the President of the United States cannot even make it through a ceremony honoring these heroes without having to throw out a racial slur. Donald Trump does this over and over thinking somehow he is going to shut me up with it. It hasn’t worked out in the past, it isn’t going to work out in the future,” Warren told MSNBC shortly after Trump’s remark.
While Pocahontas was a historical character from the 17th Century, many Native Americans say that using her name in a disparaging way insults native peoples and degrades their cultures
White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said Monday the use of “Pocahontas” was not a racial slur and that it “certainly was not the President’s intent” to use a racial slur.
“I don’t believe that it is appropriate” to use a racial slur, Sanders said during her daily briefing, but added that she didn’t think Trump’s comment was such a slur.
Sanders then targeted Warren, saying that “the most offensive thing” was Warren claiming to be Native American.
“I think Sen. Warren was very offensive when she lied about something specifically to advance her career, and I don’t understand why no one is asking about that question and why that isn’t constantly covered,” Sanders said.

White House: 'Pocahontas' not racial slur

White House: ‘Pocahontas’ not racial slur 02:02
The National Congress of American Indians — the largest and oldest group representing Native Americans — has condemned Trump’s use of “Pocahontas” to deride Warren, noting that the famed Native American was a real person whose historic significance is still important to her tribe, the Pamunkey Indian Tribe in Virginia.
“We cannot and will not stand silent when our Native ancestors, cultures and histories are used in a derogatory manner for political gain,” Jacqueline Pata, the group’s executive director, said earlier this year after Trump called Warren “Pocahontas” at a speech before the National Rifle Association.
Conservatives have previously criticized Warren for claiming that she is part Native American, and the senator’s heritage became an issue during her Senate campaigns.
Trump has seized on the attacks and has regularly called Warren “Pocahontas.” The attack dates back to his 2016 campaign.
“Pocahontas is at it again,” he tweeted in June 2016. “Goofy Elizabeth Warren, one of the least productive U.S. Senators, has a nasty mouth. Hope she is V.P. choice.”
He added, “Crooked Hillary is wheeling out one of the least productive senators in the U.S. Senate, goofy Elizabeth Warren, who lied on heritage.”
And earlier this month, he added, “Pocahontas just stated that the Democrats, lead by the legendary Crooked Hillary Clinton, rigged the Primaries! Lets go FBI & Justice Dept.”
He has also used the nickname privately.
Sources told CNN earlier this year that during a meeting with senators at the White House, Trump taunted Democrats by saying “Pocahontas is now the face of your party.”
Trump has routinely given his political opponents nicknames, but the slight against Warren is one of his most culturally insensitive.
Warren says she is, in fact, part Native American, citing “family stories” passed down through generations of her family.
“I am very proud of my heritage,” Warren told NPR in 2012. “These are my family stories. This is what my brothers and I were told by my mom and my dad, my mammaw and my pappaw. This is our lives. And I’m very proud of it.”

Warren blasts Donald Trump; he calls her 'Pocahontas'

Warren blasts Donald Trump; he calls her ‘Pocahontas’ 01:37
The legitimacy of Warren’s heritage has been widely debated and Scott Brown, her 2012 Senate campaign opponent, has even suggested Warren take a DNA test to prove her heritage.
Harvard Law School in the 1990s touted Warren, then a professor in Cambridge, as being “Native American.” They singled her out, Warren later acknowledged, because she had listed herself as a minority in an Association of American Law Schools directory.
Critics seized on the listing, saying that she received preferential treatment for questionable Native American heritage. Warren contends that her career was never furthered because of her Native American genealogy.

The Land: Israel And The Palestinians: And The U.S. And The Native Indians


Most people in the ‘wired’ world of today know about the struggles in the Holy Lands of Israel between the Nation of Israel and the displaced Palestinian population. For those of you who do not know the back story of this issue I will try to condense this issue into just a few sentences so as to not make a book out of this article. When World War Two broke out the Ottoman Empire ruled the current land of Israel. After the war the British took control of that region but in the U.N. in 1947 a resolution was passed to recreate the Nation of Israel so that the displaced Jewish population could have a Nation of their own again, and this came about in 1948. Because of all the turmoil in the U.N. about this issue the Jewish people were only given a small sliver of the land that they used to call home for over 2,000 years. The British had made an agreement with the U.N. that they would pull out of Palestine in May of 1948 and then give this land to the Jewish people for their homeland. It is sad that the people who lived there were displaced, these folks years later became known as the Palestinians, refugees, a people with no ‘home’. These ‘Refugees’ were eventually taken in by Jordan but were kicked out in 1967, again making them homeless. The Islamic people of the Middle-East own about 99% of the land in this region of the world yet none of them (except for the short stint in Jordan) would let them into their countries. Either this issue shows that the ‘Palestinians people’ are very lousy guests, and/or the Islamic countries of the region are really lousy hosts, or possibly both? I say that because a brother is suppose to take in and to help when their brothers and sisters are in need but the Islamic Nations have not done that.


In 1948 on the day that the British completed their pull out the tiny newborn Nation of Israel was attacked by all of their Arab neighbors in an attempt to push all of the Jewish people into the Mediterranean Sea. To make a long story shorter, the people of Israel won that war but just 19 years later the Arab Nations of the Middle-East attacked Israel once again in what has become know as the Six Day War. In this war which Israel won they captured a lot more land from the Arab population who had attacked Israel. Among the lands captured was the Golan Heights in the north and they captured the rest of Jerusalem, to the south they also captured the West Bank and Gaza all the way down to the border with Egypt. The people who started the war who were in the lands that Israel recovered were also now displaced adding to a lousy situation for the Islamic people who caused the war. By my understanding it is the land that Israel recaptured in that six-day war of 1967 that has been causing the biggest conflict with the U.N. (among others). It is this land that has become known as the “occupied territories”. Some world leaders think that Israel has no rights to this land and should not build anything on it.


Israel was given a much larger piece of the land by God Himself somewhere around the human year of 1,800 B.C.. They lived on this land until about the year 630 A.D. when Mohammad’s army murdered their way through many countries including the land that belonged to Israel. So, here is where I want to start making some comparisons with land issues inside the U.S.. The Islamic people in Palestine had lived in what is now Israel for about 1,400 years before the U.N. gave some of it back to Israel, it is easy to understand why the ‘displaced’ people are mad at the people who now live on that land. Yet they refuse to accept the fact that there was ever a Nation of Israel before the time of Mohammad no matter how much evidence they are shown. What I am saying is the people of Israel simply took back some of what was their own in 1948 and then again in 1967. In 2005 the Israeli government in an attempt for peace gave back the ‘West Bank’ and the Gaza Strip so that the Palestinian people could have a home of their own since none of the Arab countries would ever allow them to settle in any of their countries. Land for peace is what this event was called, that concept failed, all it did was to give Israel’s haters closer Bases in which to attack Israel from. I have often wondered why if there is going to be a ‘two nation’ reality why can’t the ‘West Bank’ be given “Statehood” status? With Hamas ruling the Gaza Strip there is no way to allow them to become a State. So, who’s land is it in your eyes?


Now I would like to talk about the Native American ‘Indians’ and their rights to the land that we call America. A little over 500 years ago Europeans discovered North America and started settling it as if the land was barren of other human beings. Most Europeans did not consider the Indian people who were already here, and had been for thousands of years, as being humans, they demonized them as nothing but Savages. For the next 400 years Europeans kept marching west, killing the Indian people and taking their lands. By the late 1800’s America reached from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and the Native Americans had almost been exterminated. When the newspapers in the east started showing and telling the people what was being done to the Indian people they raised such a ruckus that the extermination concept ended and the concept of Reservations began. The Indian people were ‘given’ the worst of the worst lands to be exiled upon, these were lands that the white man didn’t want, so the Indian people were forced to live there.


I am going to make a small example for the purpose of easy clarity. There is a large Navajo Reservation in southwest New Mexico and part of eastern Arizona. I am going to use them in this example. When Europeans discovered what is today the State of New Mexico less than 300 years ago they began ‘settling’ it by removing the Native Americans who had lived there for thousands of years. If today the Navajo people decided that they were tired of living on their Reservation and told the white, black and Mexican people to move off of their land or they would be removed by the Navajo Nation, what do you think would be the result? I know this would not happen, it’s just a conversation point, but what if the U.S. Government said, okay we agree with you so all non-Indian people have to leave the state of New Mexico, what do you think would happen? Now put that concept to all of the 50 States, if the United Nations and the World Court ruled in favor of the Native Americans and they told all of us non-indigenous people to pack up and get off of the Native Americans land, where would we all go? I honestly believe that the Native American people do have the right to tell us all to get off of their land, after all it was stolen by the end of a gun from them. Now back to Israel and the Palestinian people, the Islamic people stole the land  from the Jewish people at the point of a blade, they either had to leave their homes or die. What I am saying is that there is no such thing as Israel’s “occupation” of Arab lands, there is no such thing as Israel building on occupied lands. Just as the correct thing to do here in North America is to give back the occupied lands to its rightful owners because they were well established here long before Europeans crossed the Atlantic, the people of Islam should give back all of the land that was Israel before they were stolen from them. Here in North America there is an occupation” going on right now and has been for about 500 years. In Israel the only “occupation” going on is in the lands where believers of Islam are occupying land that belongs to Israel, it is not the other way around. I hope you liked the article, I am just trying to get people to think and to consider the truth of history.


(This article is courtesy of the Native News On Line)


Hundreds of Cherokee elders attended the first-ever Cherokee Nation Elder’s Summit in 2015. With that success, the tribe expanded the second annual Cherokee Nation Elder’s Summit to two locations, Tahlequah and Vinita.

Hundreds of Cherokee elders attended the first-ever Cherokee Nation Elder’s Summit in 2015. With that success, the tribe expanded the second annual Cherokee Nation Elder’s Summit to two locations, Tahlequah and Vinita.

Published September 19, 2016

TAHLEQUAH — Cherokee elders across the tribe’s 14-county jurisdiction are invited to the second annual Cherokee Nation Elder’s Summit. This year’s summit is being held in two locations, Vinita and Tahlequah, in order to reach more elders.

The Elder’s Summit in Vinita will be hosted at the Vinita Health Center on Tuesday, September 27, from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., with the summit in Tahlequah being hosted at the Tahlequah Armory Municipal Center on Thursday, September 29, from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Last year’s summit marked the launch of the tribe’s Elder Fraud Protection Initiative. Led by Cherokee Nation Deputy Chief S. Joe Crittenden, the Cherokee Nation administration, Attorney General’s office and Marshal Service joined forces, seeking to put an end to the growing problem of elder abuse. The coalition continues to collaborate with state and local agencies to prevent elder abuse and prosecute individuals who financially exploit or otherwise abuse Cherokee elders.

“It’s our responsibly to ensure our most valuable, and in many cases our most vulnerable, citizens remain safe from abuse, whether it’s physical or financial or emotional. Our elders should be respected and appreciated for their experience and cultural knowledge. That has always been an important Cherokee value,” said Cherokee Nation Secretary of State Chuck Hoskin Jr. “We started this awareness and education initiative last year and continue to add more content to better connect Cherokee senior citizens with programs and services that can help them the most.”

Various booths will be set up at the summit locations, offering information on how to spot and report elder abuse and resources if one is a victim. Elder abuse has reached epidemic proportions in Oklahoma. In 2012, Oklahoma Adult Protective Services received nearly 19,000 reports of abuse, neglect or exploitation of seniors. Often elders experiencing abuse or exploitation don’t know where to turn or how to seek help.

These Days Of Palestinian Rage


We see and hear news from Israel each day via our electronics about the violence there each day. Aw how the Media does love a good story, as they should! I want the whole worlds Media to be unencumbered when they are trying to get an important story out to the worlds public. I want to see and hear the stories on my evening news programs, but I want to know that what I am being told in my living room each evening is correct, honest, true, and totally unbiased, don’t you? I want the Media to be very knowledgeable about the news event they are reporting on and to absolutely have no bias in their reporting, don’t you? Here in America our main news agencies tend to be heavy toward either the Republican Party and their platform, or they slant heavy toward the Democratic Party and their platform. What we the people want is simply down the middle truth, this is one of the good things about technology today, more eyes on the ground. People need to know the “why’s” behind major news stories, why are these things happening, why is there such hate, why did the event go to violence, why’s do matter. Without the full truth as to why an event is happening how can a person know the truth of what they are being shown in a 30 second news clip? Another thing that no audience wants is to have the Media create their own story because of their own political or financial leanings.


These days of Palestinian rage, which day isn’t a day of Palestinian rage? Since at least 1948 when the Jewish Nation of Israel came back into being, back in their ancestral homeland, when hasn’t been a day of rage as far as the Palestinian populace is concerned?  Then 1967 happened and these people rage along with their Arab brothers hate spilled over into a very short battle against the Israeli Nation (I say battle because the war is still ongoing) in which Israel recaptured more of their historical Homeland. Loosely used the Palestinian people officially refer to the land they lost in 1967 as “the occupied territories” yet unofficially all of what is Israel today is “occupied territories” to them. This is why these Islamic hate groups like Hamas, Hezbollah and Fatah keep fighting, keep murdering, to this day, they want all Jewish people and all Christian people off of “their land”. O, by the way, also all Hindu, Buddhist, etc,etc,etc.


Now, do I blame the people who were displaced in 1948 from their homeland when the Nation of Israel came back into being, for their being mad about the whole event, then to now? No, not really. Would you have gotten a major case of mad if this were done to you and your kin folks? Now let us come to the issue of history, should any history be considered? If so, whose history? Do we only allow the history of one side, two sides, all sides? I am trying to be philosophical and fair in this note to you today, I am challenging you and myself, to think, to try to be honest with ourselves, to challenge our own beliefs. Why all this? Do you care about what “Truth” is? In pure honesty lies pure Truth and for the sake of this discussion pure truth is God’s Truth, God’s version, not yours, or mine.


We can look at human history with several different starting dates in one’s mind, depending on one’s own education and Scriptural knowledge. But for the sake of today’s discussion I am not speaking of prehistoric times but do let us go back as far as Abraham the Father of Israel and the Father of the Arabic people. Both the Jewish and the Arabic sides know that they are indeed half brothers, just neither side likes the other side of the family so much. By history Israel holds claim to Jerusalem and The Rock from about 2,000 B.C. till about the year 630 A.D. when the followers of Allah behind General Mohammed forced Islam on all the lands of North-Africa and the Middle-East. They did also invade Southern Europe but were eventually beaten back across the Pond into North-Africa. Followers of Allah held “The Holy Lands” (modern-day Israel) for about 1,320 years before the a new version of the State of Israel came along in 1948. Then there is the version (size) of Israel after the 6 day war in 1967 when all of Israels neighbors attacked her and Israel retook and has kept some of Her former land. Which ones of these dates do you wish to argue for or against? Or maybe you choose the day that the Nation of Israel gave back to the Palestinian People the West-Bank and Gaza? Now that they have their own lands of Gaza and the West Bank why is it not a two state solution already?


Here in America we celebrated Columbus Day as a celebration of the day that the Europeans discovered the Americas. That was also the day the native people of these “discovered” lands started to be eradicated, almost wiped off the face of the land by these same Europeans. Should the Indian folks of the Americas celebrate the beginning of genocide against their people? Should we European Americans, African-American or Asian Americans be celebrating what was for many, a tragic event in their history? For the purpose of making an example I wish for you to think of the situation I am going to present you, afterwards, what do you think should happen in this circumstance? In the south-western state of New Mexico lies the largest Native American Peoples “Indian Reservation/Nation” in America. This is the Nation of the Navajo People yet the American Federal Government freely operates on their soil. Personally I have always wondered how or why the Federal Government should have that freedom on their land, but that’s just my thoughts on that matter. Lets say for the sake of argument that the United States Supreme Court ruled that  the whole state of New Mexico had to be returned to the American Native Peoples of America, what would happen then? Would the people who lived in New Mexico who weren’t of sufficient Indian blood move freely, even if they were being given fair dollar value for the properties they had to leave behind? How many would fight the American government forces who were insisting they vacate? How many would fight against any Indian person who stepped foot on “their land”. Then there is the issue of violence or of a violent take over of the State by Native American Clans/Tribes. Should we the people of the other 49 States help our “non-Indian” brothers to kill these “Red-Skins, put them in their place”? What is “their place”, where is it? Just because the Native American Peoples occupied all of the Americas without significant influxes of other races up until the early  fifteen-hundreds. But we white folks, black folks, and brown toned folks have dominated these lands for about 500 years now so we have all the rights, right? Can I as  a White man honestly say that the Red man has no such right to even try to retake the lands of his ancestors?


I am by choice a man of God and I do believe that God is the true definition of Love, that He is not hate. If you believe this and you believe that Jesus is the Christ the Son of God the Father then the Spirit of God’s love resides within you, not hate. God has never said that a person does not have the right to defend themselves when they or their families are being attacked! Instead it is required of a person to defend their families even if not themselves. But, and a huge but has to be added here, no one and I do mean no one has the right to be the aggressor. It is easy to start blaming others say so and so started it when they did this, this, and this.

Here is a way to find out the heart of the person and the heart of “their God”. If your God is “not about love”, is he really a God? If there was a world-wide decree for there to be absolutely no violence at all, one person toward another and that meant all violence stopped at once, is this something that you or “your God” would adhere to?  If your religion says no to peace, if it tells you to kill all people who don’t agree with you, are you really listening to “God”? Or, are you for some insane reason following something that is pure evil? If I move into a new home and I find out that my neighbor is a horrible person, lets say every time he sees me he flips me off and calls me and all of my family horrible names. Even though I might like to go drop an elephant on his head or shoot him with a cannon, I don’t have that right, that would make me the physical aggressor. In nations like America we do have laws that are set up to protect us from such nice neighborliness eliminating the need for any violence. You know what happens when things turn to violence. The neighbor I dropped the elephant on had two brothers, three mean sisters, and crazy parents so now the whole neighborhood is up in smoke. If no one and I do mean no one from either side strikes the first physical blow, there can be no war, no physical casualties. If the “God” that has your ear is not the God of love, then it is not a “God” that has our ear at all!



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