Earth’s inner core is doing something weird

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC)

 

Earth’s inner core is doing something weird

Data from old Soviet weapons tests are helping scientists get a high-resolution look inside our planet.

ON SEPTEMBER 27, 1971, a nuclear bomb exploded on Russia’s Novaya Zemlya islands. The powerful blast sent waves rippling so deep inside Earth they ricocheted off the inner core, pinging an array of hundreds of mechanical ears some 4,000 miles away in the Montana wilderness. Three years later, that array picked up a signal when a second bomb exploded at nearly the same spot.

This pair of nuclear explosions was part of hundreds of tests detonated during the throes of Cold War fervor. Now, the records of these wiggles are making waves among geologists: They have helped scientists calculate one of the most precise estimates yet of how fast the planet’s inner core is spinning.

Surface-dwellers know that Earth spins on its axis once about every 24 hours. But the inner core is a roughly moon-size ball of iron floating within an ocean of molten metal, which means it is free to turn independently from our planet’s large-scale spin, a phenomenon known as super-rotation. And how fast it’s going has been hotly debated.

© NGP, Content may not reflect National Geographic’s current map policy.

Capitalizing on the zigzagged signals from those decades-old nuclear explosions, John Vidale, a seismologist at the University of Southern California, now has the latest estimate for this rate. In a recent study published in Geophysical Research Letters, he reports that the inner core likely inches along just faster than Earth’s surface. If his rate’s right, it means that if you stood on a spot at the Equator for one year, the part of the inner core that was previously beneath you would wind up under a spot 4.8 miles away.

“It’s a careful, good piece of work,” says Paul Richards, a seismologist at Columbia University who was a coauthor on a 1996 study that first documented super-rotation of the inner core. “Something is changing down there.”

Better understanding the history and current dynamics of the iron blob nestled within our planet could yield more clues to the processes charging and stabilizing our magnetic field—a geologic force field that protects our world from various kinds of harmful radiation. We don’t yet fully understand how this magnetic dynamo works, but scientists strongly suspect it’s tied to the mysterious motions deep inside the planet. (Learn what really happens when Earth’s magnetic field flips.)

“The Earth is this extreme natural lab,” says Elizabeth Day, a deep-earth seismologist at Imperial College London who was not part of the work. Thousands of miles below our feet, pressures are crushing and temperatures are searing. “We can’t easily reproduce all of those in an actual laboratory. But if we can peer into the Earth, we get a bit of insight into this really extreme set of conditions.”

The new work is just one of many attempts to figure out the core’s rate of super-rotation, but offers one of the slowest rates for super-rotation yet suggested. Still, the differences between these studies is not necessarily a bad thing, Day says.

“It doesn’t mean anyone is wrong,” she says. “It just means everyone is looking at slightly different things.”

Core conundrum

Previous work, including the paper Richards coauthored, used various properties of earthquake waves traveling through the planet to deliver their estimates for the inner core’s super-rotation, with several sitting around a few tenths of a degree a year. Such measurements aren’t easy to make, though, and the resolution of many of these analyses were low. But unlike earthquakes, which send out juddering waves, nuclear explosions provide a clean signal to work with.

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“This is like Earth just got hit with a hammer,” Day says.

The issue was extracting the data, which were encoded on nine-track tapes by the Large Aperture Seismic Array in Montana. By the 1990s, the tapes had made their way to the Albuquerque Seismological Laboratory, where Paul Earle, then a graduate student at Scripps Institute of Oceanography, was tasked with extracting the echoes of Soviet nuclear tests from the deteriorating tapes.

Earle spent two weeks in a room full of boxes laden with discs sporting cryptic labels. Many of the tapes were worn, their magnetic information lost to time. Roughly one in 10 couldn’t be read by a tape-player, says Earle, who is now a seismologist with the U.S. Geological Survey.

But the effort was worth it. Earle, Vidale, and Doug Dodge of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory used the scattered waves from these nuclear explosions to peer into the planet’s core. By comparing the fingerprint of waves scattered back from explosions at nearly the same location in 1971 and 1974, the team could calculate how much faster the inner core turned relative to the rest of the planet. The process is similar to tracking a moving airplane using radar, Richards notes.

Their initial results, published in a 2000 Nature study, pointed to a rotation rate of 0.15 degrees a year. Vidale then shifted gears and didn’t give the inner core much thought for nearly 15 years.

Digging deeper

That changed in December 2018, when he walked through the bustling poster hall at the American Geophysical Union’s annual conference. There, Vidale spotted the work of Jiayuan Yao, now a research fellow in geophysics at Nanyang Technological University.

Yao had combed through tens of thousands of earthquakes in search of pairs that strike at different times in precisely the same location. By comparing the seismic waves that grazed the inner core from 40 of these geologic twins, he hoped to suss out the mysteries held deep in our planet.

“That is really great data,” Vidale recalls thinking. However, Yao’s interpretation of the data didn’t point toward super-rotation, and instead suggested something else seemed to be going on.

Intrigued by this conundrum, Vidale turned back to his dataset on the nuclear explosions, but with the original analysis codes nowhere to be found, he had to start from scratch, digging even deeper into the Cold War-era ripples with an updated method.

His resulting analysis still yielded super-rotation, but it was both slower and more precise than previous estimates, pointing instead toward the newly described rate of 0.07 degree a year between 1971 and 1974.

Certain uncertainty

But while other scientists praise the thoroughness of Vidale’s latest work, the debate seems far from settled.

Yao and his colleagues recently published an intriguing alternative explanation using his data from twin earthquakes. Perhaps, they posit, the inner core is actually rotating at the same speed as the rest of our planet, and the apparent difference could instead be explained by the inner core having a jagged surface that shifts over time, with mountains rising or canyons cutting into the iron orb. (Read about ‘mountains’ taller than Everest that lurk deep inside Earth.)

Vidale finds that analysis intriguing, but while he agrees that there may be more than super-rotation in the mix, he’s skeptical of Yao’s precise explanation.

One possibility, Richards argues, is that blob itself is warping over time.

“It’s like when you throw a pizza up in the air,” he says. “It’s spinning, but it’s flopping around. It’s deforming as it rotates.”

It’s also possible that the rate of inner core rotation varies over time, adds Xiaodong Song, a deep-earth seismologist at the University of Illinois who coauthored the 1996 study first documenting inner core rotation. While Vidale’s latest rate is robust, it’s limited to a single time period, so further confirmation is necessary, he says via email.

“It’s so hard to do these studies,” says Jessica Irving, a deep-earth seismologist at Princeton University. “Every scrap of data becomes valuable, and unfortunately there just aren’t very many scraps of data.” Perhaps more definitive answers may be on the horizon. Analyses are getting better, and data are accruing on seismometers around the world that are constantly listening for our planet’s every tremble.

Solving the puzzle of the inner core, Yao says, “doesn’t need to take another decade.”

Editor’s note: Paul Earle’s affiliation has been corrected. He was a graduate student at Scripps Institute of Oceanography. The story has also been updated to show that Song and Richards were the first to provide seismic evidence of inner core super-rotation.

Maya Wei-Haas is a science staff writer for National Geographic.

 

Israel: Ancient Galilee church unearthed

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE TIMES OF ISRAEL)

 

Ancient Galilee church unearthed, said to be home to apostles Peter and Andrew

Israeli archaeologist says dig at El-Araj, near Sea of Galilee, confirms it as the site of fishing village Bethsaida

In this file photo taken on August 6, 2017, a general view of an archaeological excavation site, believed to be the location of a biblical village that was home to Saint Peter, near the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel. (Menahem Kahana/AFP)

In this file photo taken on August 6, 2017, a general view of an archaeological excavation site, believed to be the location of a biblical village that was home to Saint Peter, near the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel. (Menahem Kahana/AFP)

AFP — Excavations in Israel’s Galilee have uncovered remains of an ancient church said to mark the home of the apostles Peter and Andrew, the dig’s archaeological director said Friday.

Mordechai Aviam of Kinneret Academic College, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel, said this season’s dig at nearby El-Araj confirmed it as the site of Bethsaida, a fishing village where Peter and his brother Andrew were born according to the Gospel of John.

The Byzantine church was found near remnants of a Roman-era settlement, matching the location of Bethsaida as described by the first century AD Roman historian Flavius Josephus, Aviam said.

The newly discovered church, he added, fitted the account of Willibald, the Bavarian bishop of Eichstaett who visited the area around 725 AD and reported that a church at Bethsaida had been built on the site of Peter and Andrew’s home.

According to Willibald, Aviam says, Bethsaida lay between the biblical sites of Capernaum and Kursi.

“We excavated only one third of the church, a bit less, but we have a church and that’s for sure,” Aviam told AFP.

Co-directors of the Galilee early church excavations at their recent dig site, historian Jacob Ashkenazi and archaeologist Mordechai Aviam from the Kinneret Institute for Galilean Archaeology at the Kinneret Academic College (courtesy Mordechai Aviam)

“The plan is of a church, the dates are Byzantine, the mosaic floors are typical… chancel screens, everything that is typical of a church.”

“Between Capernaum and Kursi there is only one place where a church is described by the visitor in the eighth century and we discovered it, so this is the one,” he said.

Christians recognize Saint Peter, originally a fisherman, as one of the first followers of Jesus and the leader of the early Church following the ascension.

The Catholic Church also venerates him as its first pope.

El-Araj, known as Beit Habeck in Hebrew, is not the only candidate for the site of Bethsaida.

About two kilometers (more than a mile) away at e-Tell, digging has been going on since 1987 and according to the National Geographic website has unearthed major ninth-century BC fortifications and “Roman-period houses with fishing equipment, including iron anchors and fishing hooks, and the remains of what may be a Roman temple.”

Aviam is convinced that he and his international team, with professor R. Steven Notley of New York City’s Nyack College as academic director, are digging in the right spot.

“We have a Roman village, in the village we have pottery, coins, also stone vessels which are typical of first century Jewish life, so now we strengthen our suggestion and identification that El-Araj is a much better candidate for Bethsaida than e-Tell,” he said.

“It has been excavated for the past 32 years. We started digging two years ago because we thought it’s the better one and now we have the proofs.”

Notley, interviewed in Israeli daily Haaretz, is a little more cautious, saying the clincher will be if complete excavation of the El-Araj church reveals an inscription.

“It would be normal to find an inscription in a church of the Byzantine period, describing in whose memory it was built, for instance,” he told the paper.

Two potentially life-friendly planets found orbiting a nearby star

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC)

 

Two potentially life-friendly planets found orbiting a nearby star

“We will eventually see if they are actually habitable and, perhaps, even inhabited,” astronomers predict.

A tiny, old star just 12 light-years away might host two temperate, rocky planets, astronomers announced today. If they’re confirmed, both of the newly spotted worlds are nearly identical to Earth in mass, and both planets are in orbits that could allow liquid water to trickle and puddle on their surfaces.

Scientists estimate that the stellar host, known as Teegarden’s star, is at least eight billion years old, or nearly twice the sun’s age. That means any planets orbiting it are presumably as ancient, so life as we know it has had more than enough time to evolve. And for now, the star is remarkably quiet, with few indications of the tumultuous stellar quakes and flares that tend to erupt from such objects.

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These factors, plus the system’s relative proximity, makes the system an intriguing target for astronomers seeking to train next-generation telescopes on other worlds and scan for signs of life beyond Earth.

“Both Teegarden’s planets are potentially habitable,” says Ignasi Ribas of the Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia, a member of the team reporting the planets today in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysics. “We will eventually see if they are actually habitable and, perhaps, even inhabited.”

Stellar runt

The two worlds orbit a star so faint that it wasn’t even spotted until 2003, when NASA astrophysicist Bonnard Teegarden was mining astronomical data sets and looking for dim, nearby dwarf stars that had so far evaded detection.

Teegarden’s star is a stellar runt that’s barely 9 percent of the sun’s mass. It’s known as an ultra-cool M dwarf, and it emits most of its light in the infrared—just like the star TRAPPIST-1, which hosts seven known rocky planets. But Teegarden’s star is just a third as far from Earth as the TRAPPIST-1 system, which makes it ideal for further characterization.

An illustration shows Teegarden’s star and the likely orbits of its newfound planets. Our solar system, which sits about 12 light-years away from the red dwarf system, is shown in an inset for comparison.

ILLUSTRATION BY ANDREAS HOUGARDY, UNIVERSITY OF GÖTTINGEN

Ribas and his colleagues are currently searching for planets orbiting 342 small stars, so they aimed the CARMENES instrument, located at Spain’s Calar Alto Observatory, at the mini-star.

CARMENES observed Teegarden’s star over three years, watching for the wiggles and tugs produced by any orbiting planets. In the end, more than 200 measurements suggested that two small worlds are jostling the star, each weighing in at approximately 1.1 times Earth’s mass. The team calculates that one of the planets, called Teegarden’s star b, completed an orbit in a mere 4.9 Earth-days; the other world, Teegarden’s star c, has an orbit of just 11.4 days.

Eerily quiet

Before they could report that those planets likely exist, the team had to rule out intrinsic stellar phenomena, like star spots and flares, that can masquerade as orbiting worlds. Sometimes, this can be quite tricky for red dwarf stars, which are notoriously tempestuous and prone to erupting in massive flares. But Teegarden’s star is almost eerily quiet, making it much easier than usual to tease out planetary signals.

“The number of measurements is so high and the star is so well-behaved that there is very little room for an alternative explanation,” Ribas says. “So, this is, to me, a clear-cut case of planet detection. I would bet both my little fingers that they are there.”

“These are very plausible-looking planet candidates,” agrees Lauren Weiss, of the University of Hawaii. “I am impressed by the quality of the data.”

However, Weiss notes, a few points cause her to hesitate. First, scientists don’t know the exact time it takes for Teegarden’s star to rotate on its axis, and that type of motion could be masquerading as one of the planet signals.

Still, “stellar rotation would probably only mimic the orbit of one planet, not two planets, so at least one of the planets is probably real,” she says.

Second, she says, it’s possible the planets might be zipping around the star more speedily than inferred, which might knock down their potential habitability.

“This technical concern is minor though,” Weiss says. “If there really are planets around the star, and the authors got their orbital periods wrong, the planets are still planets.”

Nadia Drake is a contributing writer at National Geographic with a particular fondness for moons, spiders, and jungle cats.

Royal Burial in Ancient Canaan May Shed Light on Biblical City

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF ‘REAL CLEAR LIFE’ AND NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC)

 

View of the excavations of the ancient city of Megiddo (Unesco World Heritage List, 2005), Israel. (DeAgostini/Getty Images)

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Royal Burial in Ancient Canaan May Shed Light on Biblical City

An undisturbed elite tomb discovered in ancient Armageddon has the promise of unlocking secrets.

An untouched 3,600-year-old burial chamber in the ancient Canaanite city-state of Megiddo has stunned archaeologists. Not only is there an array of wealth in the tomb, but there is also a huge potential that the finding may provide insight into the royal dynasty that ruled this powerful center before its conquest by Egypt in the early 15th century B.C. The ancient city of Megiddo — located 19 miles south of Haifa in what is today northern Israel — dominated a strategic pass on major international military and trade routes for nearly five millennia. It has been the site of scientific investigation for 115 years. The most recent international expedition, under the direction of Israel Finkelstein and Mario Martin of Tel Aviv University and Matthew Adams of the W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeology, has been conducting archaeological excavations there since 1994. The most recent finding started as a mystery when archaeologists began to notice cracks in the surface of an excavation area. They ended up finding a burial chamber with the undisturbed remains of three individuals, all wearing jewelry. The rich adornment of the tomb’s inhabitants appears to indicate a complex and highly stratified society, in which wealthy and powerful people were elevated above most of Megiddo’s society. Archaeologists realized that in addition to the three individual burials, other human remains had been interred at an earlier point. Currently, a broad DNA test is being carried out on the individuals unearthed at Megiddo. The results could reveal for the first time whether the “common” inhabitants of the Canaanite city-state were of the same background as the elite.

Read the full story at National Geographic

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‘National Geographic’ Reckons With Its Past: ‘Our Coverage Was Racist’

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF NPR)

((Commentary from: Oldpoet56) During my lifetime I probably read articles within National Geographic Magazines about a dozen times. Because I only read spot articles here and there I never realized that they had been this racist. Their history on race is disgusting, and this does disappoint me greatly. I do commend them though on finally recognizing this glaring fault and for having the guts to ‘call themselves out’ on this issue. Hopefully in their future they will eliminate this fault. I know that any of their magazines that I come across in the future I will be looking to see if their racism has stopped.)  

‘National Geographic’ Reckons With Its Past: ‘For Decades, Our Coverage Was Racist’

In a full-issue article on Australia that ran in National Geographic in 1916, aboriginal Australians were called “savages” who “rank lowest in intelligence of all human beings.” The magazine examines its history of racist coverage in its April issue.

C.P. Scott (L) and H.E. Gregory (R)/National Geographic

If National Geographic‘s April issue was going to be entirely devoted to the subject of race, the magazine decided it had better take a good hard look at its own history.

Editor in Chief Susan Goldberg asked John Edwin Mason, a professor of African history and the history of photography at the University of Virginia, to dive into the magazine’s nearly 130-year archive and report back.

What Mason found was a long tradition of racism in the magazine’s coverage: in its text, its choice of subjects, and in its famed photography.

Enlarge this image

The April issue of National Geographic is all about race.

National Geographic

“[U]ntil the 1970s National Geographic all but ignored people of color who lived in the United States, rarely acknowledging them beyond laborers or domestic workers,” writes Goldberg in the issue’s editor letter, where she discusses Mason’s findings. “Meanwhile it pictured ‘natives’ elsewhere as exotics, famously and frequently unclothed, happy hunters, noble savages—every type of cliché.”

Unlike magazines such as Life, National Geographic did little to push its readers beyond the stereotypes ingrained in white American culture,” Goldberg says, noting that she is the first woman and first Jewish person to helm the magazine – “two groups that also once faced discrimination here.”

To assess the magazine’s coverage historically, Mason delved into old issues and read a couple of key critical studies. He also pored over photographers’ contact sheets, giving him a view of not just the photos that made it into print, but also the decisions that photographers and editors made.

He saw a number of problematic themes emerge.

“The photography, like the articles, didn’t simply emphasize difference, but made difference … very exotic, very strange, and put difference into a hierarchy,” Mason tells NPR. “And that hierarchy was very clear: that the West, and especially the English-speaking world, was at the top of the hierarchy. And black and brown people were somewhere underneath.”

For much of its history, the pages of National Geographic depicted the Western world as dynamic, forward-moving and very rational. Meanwhile, Mason says, “the black and brown world was primitive and backwards and generally unchanging.”

One trope that he noticed time and again were photographs showing native people apparently fascinated by Westerners’ technology.

“It’s not simply that cameras and jeeps and airplanes are present,” he says. “It’s the people of color looking at this technology in amusement or bewilderment.” The implication was that Western readers would find humor in such fascination with their everyday goods.

Then there’s how the magazine chose its subject matter. Mason explains that National Geographic had an explicit editorial policy of “nothing unpleasant,” so readers rarely saw war, famine or civic conflict.

He points to an article on South Africa from the early 1960s that barely mentions the Sharpeville Massacre, in which 69 black South Africans were killed by police.

South African gold miners were “entranced by thundering drums” during “vigorous tribal dances,” a 1962 issue reported.

Kip Ross/National Geographic Creative

“There are no voices of black South Africans,” Mason told Goldberg. “That absence is as important as what is in there. The only black people are doing exotic dances … servants or workers. It’s bizarre, actually, to consider what the editors, writers, and photographers had to consciously not see.”

Then there’s the way women of color were often depicted in the magazine: topless.

“Teenage boys could always rely, in the ’50s and ’60s, on National Geographic to show them bare-breasted women as long as the women had brown or black skin,” Mason says. “I think the editors understood this was frankly a selling point to its male readers. Some of the bare-breasted young women are shot in a way that almost resembles glamour shots.”

Mason says the magazine has been dealing with its history implicitly for the last two or three decades, but what made this project different is that Goldberg wanted to make reckoning explicit — “That National Geographic should not do an issue on race without understanding its own complicity in shaping understandings of race and racial hierarchy.”

Although slave labor was used to build homes featured in a 1956 article, the writer contended that they “stand for a chapter of this country’s history every American is proud to remember.”

Robert F. Sisson and Donald McBain/National Geographic

For those of us who have spent long afternoons thumbing old issues of the magazine and dreaming of far-off lands, Mason wants to make clear that looking at foreign people and places isn’t a bad thing.

“We’re all curious and we all want to see. I’m not criticizing the idea of being curious about the world. It’s just the other messages that are sent—that it’s not just difference, but inferiority and superiority.”

So where does the storied publication go from here?

One good step would be to invite the diverse contributors to the April issue to become part of the magazine’s regular pool of writers and photographers, Mason suggests.

“Still it’s too often a Westerner who is telling us about Africa or Asia or Latin America,” he says. “There are astonishing photographers from all over the world who have unique visions – not just of their own country, but who could bring a unique vision to photographing Cincinnati, Ohio, if it came to that.”

He notes that the magazine’s images have so often captivated, even when they were stereotypical or skewed. Mason says a number of African photographers have told him that it was magazines like National Geographic and Life that turned them onto photography in the first place.

“They knew that there were problems with the way that they and their people were being represented,” he says. “And yet the photography was often spectacularly good, it was really inviting, and it carried this power. And as young people, these men and women said, I want to do that. I want to make pictures like that.”

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Bill Nye Is Only Half Insane

Bill Nye Is Only Half Insane

 

This title is obviously just my opinion of Mr Nye, I do not know the man and I have never met him. My opinion is simply formed by articles I have read on the net where his opinions were down in print. Do I believe that I am smarter than Mr Nye, no I don’t. But in some areas of science and faith (which he seems to have none at all) I know for a fact that I am wiser than he is. I do not blame him or anyone else really for their distorted views on the earths and our creation. The reason for that is simple, I do not personally know of any Christian or Jewish faith that seems to understand the beginning of the first book of the Bible (Genesis). I believe that it was the Apostle Paul who wrote that all people should study (the Scriptures) daily so that we can be a workman that need not be ashamed for our lack of knowledge. As it is also written that when a person is preaching/teaching you that the Scriptures say we should all read/check to see if the things we are being taught it correct or not. Do we ever question our Church leaders about what we hear from the pulpit? How many Christians never or almost never go to Church services or if we do, how many follow the Preachers message in the Bible as he/she is talking? How many people who say we are Christians do not even own one single Bible? If we do own one at home do we even know where we stored it? How many folks could gag from the dust accumulated on its cover?

 

In a recent National Geographic News article Mr Nye was quoted as saying that “evolution is undeniable and creationism is insane”. I respect the man’s position because it is given through a total lack of knowledge of what the Scriptures say. I had this same conversation with Carl Sagen back in 1991 in person when we met in Madison Wisconsin after a speech he gave there. In the discussion he asked me how someone who is as studied (in Scripture) as I am could possibly believe that there is a God that created all things. I asked him how someone who is so knowledgeable and so intelligent could possibly not believe in a Supreme Being (God). If we could only get the churches and the synagogues to open their eyes to the words they read so blindly then maybe, maybe there would be a “coming to Jesus (God) moment” when our eyes begin to see and understand what is there and what isn’t said. There is so much information in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis, it covers several billion human years, NOT just seven human days. The seven human day theory is as Mr Nye says “insane”. Another term would also be “just plain ignorant”. Now saying that someone is ignorant of something by no means is a slap at the person, ignorant just simply means lacking knowledge of a certain event.

 

By faith I am a devout fundamentalist Christian yet I totally believe that our universe and this planet began with the big bang that science believes that it did. I also do believe in evolution, to a certain point. What I do mean by evolution is in the evolving of the human race. Evolving such as the phasing out of one group of humans as they assimilate into another culture such as in how the Neanderthals bred into a slightly more evolved group of humans thus phasing out their race. Breeding a race out of existence is nothing new to humans it has been going on for a long long time. An example would be like the American government back in the late 1800’s when political and military opinion was to wipe out the Native Indian people’s. You kill all the males and then bred with the females. In just a very few generations of mixing blood the American Indian people would have only been in a few history books. Some evolution cycles throughout history have been forced but most were of nature weeding out the sick and the stupid.

 

One of the first things that people need to do when we seek knowledge that is given through the Scriptures is to pray first before we study and that (studying) needs to be a daily part of our lives just like setting aside a few moments a day for prayer should be an automatic for us. When we read Scripture we need to do it with an open mind, not a mindset of trying to prove a “Church doctrine” to be the Truth. If people pay attention to the words written down in the first two chapters of the Bible you should notice very plainly that there are two “human” creations. This understanding of this fact is very helpful in understanding that the seven human days of creation are not at all correct. God most of the time speaks what He wishes done, then puts the building blocks into place to then form His wishes into existence.

 

Time is the issue here in the argument that Mr Nye puts forth in his argument about creationism and he is correct on that issue. People need to understand time differences, they exist all around us but we humans choose to not understand. Look at the other planets that revolve around our Sun, check out each planets length of a day, they all differ from each other. Look at different living creatures on our own planet, dogs, cats, starfish, seahorses, the list is very long, look how long their life cycles are. To these other creatures of God’s hands, do you think a dog realizes that his ratio is different from ours? Why can’t we humans realize that our time is different from Gods time even when the Scriptures tell us pointedly of this fact? Until people who believe that the Bible is the Word of God and starts reading/studying it with an open mind, not one that is predetermined by a Church Doctrine our eyes will never be opened to the understanding of what God is telling all of us. Until we do this as a Nation and as a World People then there will always be this ignorant discussion like the one Mr Nye uses when he shows us all his lack of knowledge concerning God, God’s Word, and Time it’s self. But to his defense he is in an argument with people who are lacking the understanding of the very issue they are using to make their argument with in the first place!

Bill Nye Is Only Half Insane

Bill Nye Is Only Half Insane

 

This title is obviously just my opinion of Mr Nye, I do not know the man and I have never met him. My opinion is simply formed by articles I have read on the net where his opinions were down in print. Do I believe that I am smarter than Mr Nye, no I don’t. But in some areas of science and faith (which he seems to have none at all) I know for a fact that I am wiser than he is. I do not blame him or anyone else really for their distorted views on the earths and our creation. The reason for that is simple, I do not personally know of any Christian or Jewish faith that seems to understand the beginning of the first book of the Bible (Genesis). I believe that it was the Apostle Paul who wrote that all people should study (the Scriptures) daily so that we can be a workman that need not be ashamed for our lack of knowledge. As it is also written that when a person is preaching/teaching you that the Scriptures say we should all read/check to see if the things we are being taught it correct or not. Do we ever question our Church leaders about what we hear from the pulpit? How many Christians never or almost never go to Church services or if we do, how many follow the Preachers message in the Bible as he/she is talking? How many people who say we are Christians do not even own one single Bible? If we do own one at home do we even know where we stored it? How many folks could gag from the dust accumulated on its cover?

 

In a recent National Geographic News article Mr Nye was quoted as saying that “evolution is undeniable and creationism is insane”. I respect the man’s position because it is given through a total lack of knowledge of what the Scriptures say. I had this same conversation with Carl Sagen back in 1991 in person when we met in Madison Wisconsin after a speech he gave there. In the discussion he asked me how someone who is as studied (in Scripture) as I am could possibly believe that there is a God that created all things. I asked him how someone who is so knowledgeable and so intelligent could possibly not believe in a Supreme Being (God). If we could only get the churches and the synagogues to open their eyes to the words they read so blindly then maybe, maybe there would be a “coming to Jesus (God) moment” when our eyes begin to see and understand what is there and what isn’t said. There is so much information in the first two chapters of the book of Genesis, it covers several billion human years, NOT just seven human days. The seven human day theory is as Mr Nye says “insane”. Another term would also be “just plain ignorant”. Now saying that someone is ignorant of something by no means is a slap at the person, ignorant just simply means lacking knowledge of a certain event.

 

By faith I am a devout fundamentalist Christian yet I totally believe that our universe and this planet began with the big bang that science believes that it did. I also do believe in evolution, to a certain point. What I do mean by evolution is in the evolving of the human race. Evolving such as the phasing out of one group of humans as they assimilate into another culture such as in how the Neanderthals bred into a slightly more evolved group of humans thus phasing out their race. Breeding a race out of existence is nothing new to humans it has been going on for a long long time. An example would be like the American government back in the late 1800’s when political and military opinion was to wipe out the Native Indian people’s. You kill all the males and then bred with the females. In just a very few generations of mixing blood the American Indian people would have only been in a few history books. Some evolution cycles throughout history have been forced but most were of nature weeding out the sick and the stupid.

 

One of the first things that people need to do when we seek knowledge that is given through the Scriptures is to pray first before we study and that (studying) needs to be a daily part of our lives just like setting aside a few moments a day for prayer should be an automatic for us. When we read Scripture we need to do it with an open mind, not a mindset of trying to prove a “Church doctrine” to be the Truth. If people pay attention to the words written down in the first two chapters of the Bible you should notice very plainly that there are two “human” creations. This understanding of this fact is very helpful in understanding that the seven human days of creation are not at all correct. God most of the time speaks what He wishes done, then puts the building blocks into place to then form His wishes into existence.

 

Time is the issue here in the argument that Mr Nye puts forth in his argument about creationism and he is correct on that issue. People need to understand time differences, they exist all around us but we humans choose to not understand. Look at the other planets that revolve around our Sun, check out each planets length of a day, they all differ from each other. Look at different living creatures on our own planet, dogs, cats, starfish, seahorses, the list is very long, look how long their life cycles are. To these other creatures of God’s hands, do you think a dog realizes that his ratio is different from ours? Why can’t we humans realize that our time is different from Gods time even when the Scriptures tell us pointedly of this fact? Until people who believe that the Bible is the Word of God and starts reading/studying it with an open mind, not one that is predetermined by a Church Doctrine our eyes will never be opened to the understanding of what God is telling all of us. Until we do this as a Nation and as a World People then there will always be this ignorant discussion like the one Mr Nye uses when he shows us all his lack of knowledge concerning God, God’s Word, and Time it’s self. But to his defense he is in an argument with people who are lacking the understanding of the very issue they are using to make their argument with in the first place!