U.S. Recalls Top Diplomats From Latin America as Worries Rise Over China’s Influence

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE NEW YORK TIMES)

 

U.S. Recalls Top Diplomats From Latin America as Worries Rise Over China’s Influence

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Jean Manes, ambassador to El Salvador, is one of three diplomats in Latin America who have been recalled to Washington.CreditCreditSalvador Melendez/Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The United States has recalled three chiefs of mission from Latin American nations that cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of recognizing China.

The move comes as American officials have expressed growing unease over China’s rising influence in the region.

The diplomats, who represent the United States in the Dominican Republic, El Salvador and Panama, will meet with leaders in Washington “to discuss ways in which the United States can support strong, independent, democratic institutions throughout Central America and the Caribbean,” a spokeswoman for the State Department, Heather Nauert, said in a written statement on Friday.

For decades, Taiwan and China have competed for recognition. In 1979, the United States switched its support and officially established sovereign relations with China, and many other countries followed. But Washington has supported any decisions by nations to continue recognizing Taiwan, a self-governing island that China wants to bring under Communist Party rule.

In recent years, China has had success in courting Taiwan’s diplomatic partners. Only 17 nations recognize Taiwan; outside the Vatican and Swaziland, they are all islands in the Pacific and the Caribbean or countries in Latin America.

American officials have expressed growing concern over the shift. The United States sells arms to Taiwan and maintains a diplomatic presence there, called the American Institute in Taiwan, now housed in a new $250 million compound. American officials see Taiwan’s de facto independence as an important hedge against Chinese dominance in the Asia-Pacific region — what the United States now calls the Indo-Pacific as it tries to strengthen ties with South Asian nations to balance against China.

Last month, El Salvador severed ties with Taiwan, prompting the White House to accuse China of “apparent interference” in El Salvador’s domestic politics. American officials fear that the four nations in Central America that still recognize Taiwan — Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua — could soon follow. Last May, Burkina Faso switched recognition to China, leaving Swaziland as the lone holdout in Africa.

In June 2017, Panama cut ties with Taiwan, which surprised the United States government. The American ambassador to Panama at the time, John Feeley, said he learned about the switch from the president, Juan Carlos Varela, only an hour or so before Mr. Varela announced it, and only because he had called Mr. Varela to discuss an unrelated matter.

Mr. Feeley, who left his post in March and is now a consultant for Univision, said in an interview on Saturday that the recall of top American diplomats was significant.

The diplomats returning to Washington are Robin Bernstein, ambassador to the Dominican Republic; Jean Manes, ambassador to El Salvador; and Roxanne Cabral, the chargé d’affaires in Panama. A State Department official said they would return to their posts by Sept. 14.

Wang Yi, center, China’s foreign minister, and Hugo Martinez, right, El Salvador’s foreign minister, at a conference in Santiago, Chile. Last month, El Salvador severed diplomatic ties with Taiwan in favor of recognizing China.CreditIvan Alvarado/Reuters

The move “is an appropriate and serious signal by the U.S. government to those three countries and to the Chinese government that it is now reviewing the implications of the diplomatic switch and is worried that U.S. interests could be jeopardized,” Mr. Feeley said.

“My sense is that they will be most focused on the issue of industrial and commercial espionage and the possibility of Beijing using its embassies to expand that activity in those countries and the Caribbean Basin,” he added.

China is now the world’s second-largest economy and is expected to overtake the United States as the largest one in 10 to 15 years.

It is difficult for any nation, especially a small one, to decide not to recognize the sovereignty of China.

China and Taiwan have long engaged in what some observers call “checkbook diplomacy” to woo countries by offering aid or other incentives. China’s financial packages have increased in recent years, especially as it has promoted infrastructure projects abroad and related loans and contracts as part of what it calls its Belt and Road Initiative.

Jorge Guajardo, a former Mexican ambassador to China, said on Saturday that the recall was “heavy handed.” The United States should not be surprised as Latin American governments push back against American requests, he added, when President Trump has continued to alienate the people of Latin America.

“Trump has openly and systematically offended Latin American countries and their people,” Mr. Guajardo wrote in an email. “He labels us as rapists and criminals, has never traveled to the region as president, has deported and separated families, and threatened to cut all sort of aid. China comes with an offer of friendship and economic development (albeit one that I don’t think will pan out). Why the surprise?”

The United States has yet to fill some ambassador posts in the region, including those in Mexico and Panama, Mr. Guajardo noted, whereas China has assigned ambassadors in all Latin American nations with which it has diplomatic relations.

“Save a few countries in Latin America, the region as a whole has a historical preference for the U.S. as the main ally,” he said. “This changed when Trump assumed the presidency. It was his call, his choice, to turn away from the region.”

China has grown more strident over the issue of Taiwan since Tsai Ing-wen, a strong critic of Beijing, became president of Taiwan in May 2016. Chinese officials have worked to erase any recognition by corporations of Taiwan’s sovereignty. For example, they successfully pressured international airlines this summer, including those in the United States, to list just “Taipei,” a city designation, in their booking systems rather than phrases that included “Taiwan,” as was the case for decades.

Last month, Ms. Tsai made state visits to Belize and Paraguay to try to strengthen ties with those nations.

A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A14 of the New York edition with the headline: U.S. Recalls 3 Envoys From Latin America Over Taiwan Reversals. Order Reprints | Today’s Paper | Subscribe

OAS: A HISTORY OF CRIMES AGAINST LATIN AMERICA

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF BRAZIL NEWS AGENCY 247)

 

Trump, His Wall And Mass Deportations Of At Least 20 Million People

 

Most everyone here in the U.S. knows by now that a big part of Donald Trumps early popularity was when he started talking about building a huge wall between Mexico and all of the adjoining states namely California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. I wish to make a few things straight with you before I get into my commentary today and that is I am not a fan of Mr. Trump, or Ms. Hillary nor either of their political parties. I am a person that believes in law and order but the law and order I believe in is Scriptural laws. We are all told to obey mans laws unless they are contrary to God’s laws and this is the way I believe. In this article I am going to give my personal beliefs on how we here in the U.S. need to handle our border issues as well as how to address the issue of many millions of illegal immigrants that are already here in the States.

 

When it comes to politics I am a registered Independent because I agree with some of the things that each of the National parties trumpet and I very much dislike some of each’s platform issues also. Since my teen years I have found myself to be a person that would have been a good mediator by trade. I started realizing this when I had friends that were very different from each other and would get into fights with each other yet I liked both even though they were different. I could never understand why I could get along with these people just fine but they could not get along at all. I bring this philosophy to today’s headline, if you can please consider my thoughts on this issue before you get all ticked off at me because I may not agree with your set in stone ideas.

 

I agree that every country needs to have secure borders so that they can know exactly who is in their country. I am for putting up a high large Plexiglas see through wall as a border with Mexico and with Canada with multiple entry points in every border state. This would be for the purpose of making it easy for people who want to visit our country to be able to do so without any problem, legally. This type of border would make it to where Mexico and Canada could also know who is coming into their countries from the U.S.. Don’t be to shocked with this concept, there are quite a few Mexican politicians who want to have a wall built on their Southern Border so that they can control the influx of people streaming into their country from Latin America and South America. If Mexico did this it would be a good thing for the U.S. also as many thousands of people coming from those regions are simply going through Mexico on their way to the U.S.. I am not at all anti-immigrant whether it be Mexican folks or folks from countries south of Mexico but every country needs to try their best to keep gang members, drug smugglers and other terrorist from crossing into their country. I know that most of the people coming into the U.S. across our southern border are simply people who are trying to find work so that they can feed their families and or they are trying to flee the violence of gangs and drug cartels. The Democratic party seems to be in favor of just opening up our borders so that everyone and anyone can come in at will. The Republican party seems to simply be anti poor people and seem to consider all the poor people coming across our southern border as evil people trying to destroy our country. I believe that both of their philosophies are quite ignorant as both policies will destroy our country in the end.

 

The U.S. media has been saying for years now that there are about 11 million illegal immigrants within our borders, I most humbly disagree with that figure. I traveled the lower 48 states for over 30 years in a commercial truck making pickups and deliveries and stops in every state many many times. One of the things that I couldn’t help but notice was that all over the country in all the big cities and in thousands of small towns was the very high Hispanic populations in the work places and walking the streets of their town. I personally believe that there are probably at least seven or eight million illegal folks just in California alone. I honestly believe that the 11 million the media talks about is actually most likely double that figure.

 

Mr. trump has stated several times that he thinks it is a good idea to deport all of these folks that are here illegally and I do understand the argument for this but in the end, this would be a horrible human catastrophic mistake. This would be a worse mistake than what was done to the Japanese people during world war two. Think about it for a moment please, if our government did go through with such a removal policy we would tear the moral fiber of this country apart. We would be hunting down millions of people like they were rabid dogs, removing parents while leaving their children to fend for themselves or being but into the welfare system. This policy would cause hatred that would never be cooled off. This ignorant policy would destroy whole towns, businesses, Churches and families for generations. No matter who wins in the November elections we as a Nation must invent a good and fair policy concerning both our borders and the illegals that are here right now. We need a policy to help give the people who are here now a very direct path to citizenship as long as they have not gotten into any physical violence trouble while they have been here, do not have any felony warrants out for their arrest and are not gang members. We should deport these trouble makers or arrest them and put them into prison. Yet we must not treat the people who are here simply trying to earn a living to support their families as if they are terrorists. Many people who are here from countries in South America are here trying to flee the violence and the gangs in their home lands, we must not put them back into those situations. About a week ago I watched a TV program that was showing people taking the oath and becoming U.S. citizens and I believe the figure they gave was that about 780,000 people each year get their legal citizenship this way. The program said that the majority of these people were from Mexico. Since we allow 780,000 each year now I believe that we as a country should allow lets say about one million people per year this benefit with about 700,000 of those folks being people from Mexico and or people from Latin or South America. Well, so much for my attempt at being a fair mediator, what are your opinions?