Grenada: Truth, Knowledge, History Of This South Atlantic Nation

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE CIA WORLD FACTBOOK)

 

Grenada

Introduction Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
History The recorded history of Grenada begins in 1498, when Christopher Columbus first sighted the island and gave it the name Conception Island, and later called it Granada. At the time the Island Caribs (Kalinago) lived there and called it Camerhogue. The Spaniards did not permanently settle in Camerhogue. Later the English failed their first settlement attempts, but the French fought and conquered Grenada from the Caribs circa 1650. The French conquest resulted in the genocide of 17th century Caribs from present-day Grenada. Warfare also existed between the Caribs of present day Dominica and St. Vincent and the Grenadines with the French invaders. The French took control of Camerhogue and named the new French colony La Grenade. La Grenade prospered as a wealthy French colony; its main export was sugar. The French established a capital known as Fort Royal in 1650 as ordered by Cardinal Richelieu. To wait out harsh hurricanes, the French navy would shelter in the capital’s natural harbour. No other French colony had a natural harbour to even compare with that of Fort Royal (later renamed St. George’s). The colony was ceded to the United Kingdom in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris. A century later, in 1877 Grenada was made a Crown Colony.

History 1958-1984: Independence and Revolution

The island was a province of the short-lived West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962. In 1967, Grenada attained the status of “Associated State of the United Kingdom”, which meant that Grenada was now responsible for her own internal affairs, and the UK was responsible for her defense and foreign affairs. Independence was granted in 1974 under the leadership of the then Premier, Sir Eric Matthew Gairy, who became the first Prime Minister of Grenada.

Civil conflict gradually broke out between Eric Gairy’s government and some opposition parties including the New Jewel Movement (NJM). Gairy’s party won elections in 1976 but the opposition did not accept the result. In 1979, the New Jewel Movement under Maurice Bishop launched a successful armed revolution against the government. Maurice Bishop suspended the constitution and declared a People’s Revolutionary Government. All parties except the NJM were banned and elections were never held to legitimize the change.

A dispute later developed between Bishop and certain high-ranking members of the NJM. Party members including Bernard Coard demanded that Bishop either step down or enter into a power sharing arrangement. The dispute eventually led to Bishop being deposed in 1983 and placed under house arrest. These actions led to street demonstrations in various parts of the island. Bishop was eventually freed by a large demonstration in the capital. Soon after, he was captured and executed by soldiers along with seven others including cabinet ministers of the government.

After the execution of Bishop, the People’s Revolutionary Army formed a military government with General Hudson Austin as chairman. The army declared a four-day total curfew during which it said that anyone leaving their home without approval would be shot on sight.

Six days after the execution of Bishop, the island was invaded by forces from the United States. The US stated this was done at the behest of Dame Eugenia Charles, of Dominica. Five other Caribbean nations participated with Dominica and the USA in the campaign, called Operation Urgent Fury. While the Governor-General, Sir Paul Scoon, later stated that he had requested the invasion, the governments of the United Kingdom and Trinidad and Tobago expressed anger at not having been consulted.

Eighteen members of the PRG and the PRA (army) were arrested after the invasion on charges related to the murder of Maurice Bishop and seven others. The eighteen included the top political leadership of Grenada at the time of the execution as well as the entire military chain of command directly responsible for the operation that led to the executions. Fourteen were sentenced to death, one was found not guilty and three were sentenced to forty-five years in prison. The death sentences were eventually commuted to terms of imprisonment. Those in prison have become known as the Grenada 17.

Twenty-first century history

In 2000-2002, much of the controversy of the late 1970s and early 1980s was once again brought into the public consciousness with the opening of the truth and reconciliation commission. The commission was chaired by a Roman Catholic priest, Father Mark Haynes, and was tasked with uncovering injustices arising from the PRA, Bishop’s regime, and before. It held a number of hearings around the country. The commission was formed, bizarrely, because of a school project. Brother Robert Fanovich, head of Presentation Brothers’ College (PBC) in St. George’s tasked some of his senior students with conducting a research project into the era and specifically into the fact that Maurice Bishop’s body was never discovered. Their project attracted a great deal of attention, including from the Miami Herald and the final report was published in a book written by the boys called Big Sky, Little Bullet. It also uncovered that there was still a lot of resentment in Grenadian society resulting from the era, and a feeling that there were many injustices still unaddressed. The commission began shortly after the boys concluded their project.

In 2004, after being hurricane free for forty-nine years, the island was directly hit by Hurricane Ivan (September 7). Ivan struck as a Category 4 hurricane and caused 90 percent of the homes to be damaged or destroyed. The following year, 2005, Hurricane Emily (July 14) a Category 2 hurricane struck the northern part of the island, causing an estimated USD $110 million (EC$ 297 million) worth of damage. This was much less damage than Ivan had caused.[citations needed]

Grenada has recovered with remarkable speed, due to both domestic labor and financing from the world at large. By December 2005, 96% of all hotel rooms were to be open for business and to have been upgraded in facilities and strengthened to an improved building code. The agricultural industry and in particular the nutmeg industry suffered serious losses, but that event has begun changes in crop management and it is hoped that as new nutmeg trees gradually mature, the industry will return to its pre-Ivan position as a major supplier in the Western world.[citations needed]

In April 2007, Grenada jointly hosted (along with several other Caribbean nations) the 2007 Cricket World Cup. After hurricane Ivan, the Chinese government paid for the new $40 million national stadium, along with the aid of over 300 Chinese labourers to build and repair it.

Geography Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates: 12 07 N, 61 40 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area – comparative: twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 121 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrain: volcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use: arable land: 5.88%
permanent crops: 29.41%
other: 64.71% (2005)
Irrigated land: NA
Total renewable water resources: NA
Natural hazards: lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Environment – current issues: NA
Environment – international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography – note: the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
Politics As a Commonwealth Realm, Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of Grenada and Head of State. The Crown is represented by a Governor-General, who is currently Sir Daniel Williams. Day-to-day executive power lies with the Head of Government, the Prime Minister. Although appointed by the Governor-General, the Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest faction in the Parliament.

The Parliament consists of a Senate (thirteen members) and a House of Representatives (fifteen members). The senators are appointed by the government and the opposition, while the representatives are elected by the population for five-year terms. With 48% of the votes and eight seats in the 2003 election, the New National Party remains the largest party in Grenada. The largest opposition party is the National Democratic Congress with 45.6% of the votes and seven seats.

Grenada is a full and participating member of both the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).

People Population: 89,971 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 32.8% (male 14,876/female 14,641)
15-64 years: 64.1% (male 30,522/female 27,137)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 1,353/female 1,442) (2007 est.)
Median age: total: 22.1 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 21.6 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.336% (2007 est.)
Birth rate: 21.87 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate: 6.61 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate: -11.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.016 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.125 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.938 male(s)/female
total population: 1.082 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 13.92 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.57 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.27 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 65.21 years
male: 63.38 years
female: 67.05 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.3 children born/woman (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS – deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Grenadian(s)
adjective: Grenadian
Ethnic groups: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2%
Languages: English (official), French patois
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96%

Mike Pence Is Absolutely Evil, He Hates Christians And Supports Muslims Who Butcher Christians

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF SHOEBATS WEBSITE)

 (I DO NOT NECESSARILY FULLY AGREE WITH EVERY SINGLE ISSUE PUBLISHED BY SHOEBAT IN THIS ARTICLE, BUT JUST LIKE WITH SEVERAL OTHER REBLOGS I DO FOR OTHER BLOGGERS I DO NOT TRY TO REWRITE OTHER PEOPLE’S WORK. IF I DID THAT, THEN EVERYTHING I PUBLISH FOR OTHER FOLKS WOULD ACTUALLY ONLY BE MY OPINIONS AND NOT NECESSARILY THEIR OPINIONS. I AM NOT SAYING THAT I AM ALWAYS CORRECT OR THAT OTHERS ARE ALWAYS CORRECT. MY BLOG SITE IS ABOUT TRYING TO GET PEOPLE TO THINK FOR THEMSELVES AND TO OPEN UP CONVERSATIONS. SO, PLEASE READ THEIR WORK AND SEE WHAT YOU THINK, FOR YOURSELF. THANK YOU, TRS)

Mike Pence Is Absolutely Evil, He Hates Christians And Supports Muslims Who Butcher Christians

By Theodore ShoebatMike Pence is absolutely evil, he hates Christians and supports Muslims who actually murder Christians. He supports the Muslim Turks and refuses to have America recognize the Islamic Armenian Genocide done by the Ottoman Empire. I did a whole video on this:

 

Here is an excerpt from my father’s article on this societal problem: 

GETTING OVER THE ELECTION HANGOVER
It is difficult to tell Americans anything right after an election hangover. Christians slumber and since they expect the new president to be like god believing that he will solve all their woes, they go into hibernation just as when Christ left His disciples at the Garden of Gethsemane. With republicans, when their god Reagan told the Russian god, Gorbachev “tear down that wall” they all clapped. And now their new god (Trump) tells the Mayan god “we will build a wall and you will pay for it” and they all clapped.

I avoid opinions from the jeering crowd that loves to clap after every sentence their god proclaims. They clapped during Reagan, when a wall was torn down that was meant to keep Nazism locked up and they will clap when another wall is erected.

Mesmerized crowds are not a good source of wisdom.

Trump will intend well. No doubt. But will he fully comprehend the real cunningness of the enemy?

Here is a simple challenge to the jeering crowds. Americans clapped when their idol, Ronald Reagan, sent weapons to Muslims in Afghanistan to fight the very Russian communists whom they rightly hated. But at the time they did not comprehend the cunning religion of Islam which we warned about will arise as a result. They were void of any wisdom. So they armed the Islamists to fight the Russians and now we have as a result, Al-Qaeda, the Taliban, ISIS and an Islamist revolution in the Middle East. Was Reagan “smart’? Yes, but obviously he was naive when it came to facing the devil of Islam.

Trump now says: “I am a really smart guy” and “I will destroy ISIS”. Okay, but to combat the devil, one has to be as wise as Daniel, not just “smart” as Reagan was and as Trump is. This unwisdom will not cease in this new presidency as you will see Trump cozy up to Erdogan. Take Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn, a vice chair of the Trump transition running for a top national security post. Some on the left accuses him of being an Islamophobe. This is false. Flynn runs a consulting firm that is lobbying for Turkish interests. The Daily Sabah, which is an Erdogan mouthpiece denies such allegations. Why? Because they love Flynn’s love of the Turks. So which media do you want to believe; the conservative, the liberal or the Islamist Turks? It is here were wisdom is needed.

An article written by Flynn himself reveals the typical pro-Turkey view that caused the same mess we dealt with in the past during Reagan’s era. Flynn writes:

We must begin with understanding that Turkey is vital to U.S. interests. Turkey is really our strongest ally against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), as well as a source of stability in the region. It provides badly needed cooperation with U.S. military operations. But the Obama administration is keeping Erdoğan’s government at arm’s length — an unwise policy that threatens our long-standing alliance.

Flynn’s argument begs the question: if Islamism is the obstacle to peace, Erdogan is a global Islamist. And if Obama was the “obstacle” to the world’s greatest Islamist, this would mean that we should praise Obama for “keeping Erdoğan’s government at arm’s length”. This senseless thinking will not change under Trump when it comes to Turkey. I remind, it was Mike Pence’s hypocrisy that sold out the Christian Armenian Genocide to please Turkey.

Exposing this under Obama was fine, but now, with Trump, it will only gains us a “pro-Obama” label. Under Trump, the slander from the jeering untrustworthy crowds will not minimize and in fact will increase. These were the same crowds who said that Reagan was smart in 1983. I believe that he was a great president like Trump will become, but Reagan made serious errors. May I remind the jeering crowd, that when Muslim Hezbollah blew up the marine barracks in Lebanon on October 23rd 1983, where nearly 300 of their best and finest marines were slaughtered; did Reagan dare arise to confront Islam? No. Their favorite idol simply tucked-tail, pulled out the troops from Lebanon and ran. Yet they still clapped because exactly two days later, Reagan diverted attention by invading Grenada. Reagan did not want to mess with Islam. Hezbollah got away. And now we hope, pray and clap, that our new idol, Trump, says he will kill some prostitute goddess named ISIS? He will give the mission to Turkey. Guaranteed.

May I remind, today, as a result of their other dead god, Reagan, with his war on Russia, we still have the Taliban, and the jeering crowd still worshiped the dead idol Reagan and they still clap while they hang any critique for blasphemy.

Trump is aware of this and is now mending with Russia. This, as many hate it, will be a good decision by President Trump.

I, many times, said on Radio and in my speeches “do not touch Iraq” and the jeering crowd looked at us Middle Eastern Christians with scorn. Trump (whom we predicted will win when he only had 4% approval) was right on this one and he had the sense to denounce it at the time. Americans at the time worshipped Bush, the Father, who invaded Iraq and then they worshipped Bush the Son who completely destroyed Iraq while the jeering crowd clapped with shouts of hip-hip-hurray.

As it turned out, it was all based on a manufactured lie about some chemical weapons that the Babylonian god, Saddam, supposedly stockpiled so that someday this god rains fire and brimstone on the U.S. It took decades for the clapping mesmerized crowd to wake up and smell the coffee while they all cursed us, the ones who correctly predicted the outcome of things to come.

Then a strange Cushite African god, Obama, (who mesmerized the same foolish crowd), this one springboard from the Bushes catastrophe in Iraq, he moved on the same path of destruction towards Libya and Syria while causing havoc in Tunisia and all the way to Egypt. It sent an Islamist shockwave devastating the entire Middle East where Islam re-arose by the neo-Ottoman Turks, exactly as we predicted will happen in our books. The Cushite god was hated, along with the two burning Bushes, but  Reagan was the god who got away to be praised and worshipped till Kingdom comes and reveal he too was a false god.

So here is my honest to goodness detailed opinion in an essay on what will happen during the era of this new god while this new cunning religion arises upon the earth: the new Islam.

The findings will shock you to a place of no return. It will reveal the true reality at hand and what Trump will face. You will finally understand what cunning is like from an x-cunning devil who was himself a wolf in sheep clothing. Decades from now you will re-read this to realize it will all happen just as we projected. As you read, you will run into arguments saying “so what” and “this is no major deal”, but continue, the devil wins when he succeeds in planting a kernel of leaven which Christ warned will “spoil the whole batch”.