The 5 Deepest Canyons in the World

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF TRAVEL TRIVIA)

 

5 Deepest Canyons in the World

If you are an outdoor enthusiast and a nature lover, you know how exciting visiting a canyon can be. Not only can you hike and climb, but the rivers below offer opportunities for kayaking, canoeing, and floating. Canyons also provide unmatched vistas for photographers and those who simply want to take in incredible, panoramic views. Knowing the deep valleys and high cliffs of a canyon have taken thousands of years to form as a result of weathering incites the realization of the majesty of these natural landforms. Deep canyons offer the most drastic adventures and views, often including once-in-a-lifetime experiences. Below you will find the five deepest canyons in the worlds to help you plan your next adventure travel getaway.

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Grand Canyon, United States

Grand Canyon, United States

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As the deepest, and most famous, canyon in the United States and one of the deepest in the world, the Grand Canyon is a sight to behold. Its deepest point is 6,093 feet. It’s also a large canyon, which can fit the entire state of Rhode Island. Scientists estimate that the Colorado River began carving the canyon through modern day Arizona about six million years ago, but some studies estimate the process began almost 70 million years ago.

Visitors can view the canyon from its rims, or take a hike on one of the many trails within the canyon. Bright Angel remains one of the Grand Canyon’s most popular trails. With multiple switchbacks, hikers can explore the canyon and get amazing views of the large cliffs, if they don’t want to go white-water rafting in the Colorado River. Visitors who are more about the view than heading out on a trail can find great vantage points at the North Rim and the South Rim stations; however, a visit to the Grand Canyon isn’t complete with out viewing it from The Skywalk at Grand Canyon West, a horseshoe steel frame with a glass floor that extends about 70 feet from the rim of the canyon.

Urique Canyon, Mexico

Urique Canyon, Mexico

Credit: Arturo Peña Romano Med/ iStock

Urique Canyon is one of the six canyons that make up the area referred to as Copper Canyon in Mexico‘s Sierra Madre Occidental Mountains in the state of Chihuahua. As the deepest (6,236 feet) and largest of the canyons, Urique draws visitors from all over the world, especially those who want to explore and view Copper Canyon by train. El Chepe, the train that traverses the canyon remains one of the most scenic rides in the world. El Chepe makes several stops along its journey from Chihuahua to Los Mochis, giving ample opportunities for those who want to explore the canyon up close.

Two favorite stops within the canyon are Posada Barrancas and Divisadero, only a few miles from each other. Divisadero doesn’t offer much for amenities, but it does have a hotel on the rim of the canyon. Most stop here to take in the spectacular view from one of the best lookout points along the trip through Urique Canyon. Additionally, the top attraction in the area is an adventure park, which gives visitors the chance to experience Copper Canyon in a different way.

Cotahuasi Canyon, Peru

Cotahuasi Canyon, Peru

Credit: rchphoto/ iStock

This remote canyon in the Andes Mountains is almost double the depth of the Grand Canyon at its deepest point of 11,595 feet. The largest city near Cotahuasi Canyon is Arequipa, Peru, located about 123 miles southeast of the canyon. The area is home to some smaller towns and villages whose residents farm the protected area of the canyon, which includes well over a million acres.

Those who venture into Cotahuasi are true adventure travelers at heart. The steep cliffs and remoteness of the location are only suitable for those who want to experience a truly rugged canyon adventure that includes trekking, climbing and kayaking. Those who visit don’t need a permit to enter the reserve, but they should be aware that the local flora and fauna are protected by law. Additionally, local farmers still practice traditional farming techniques to grow ancient crops such as quinoa, maize, chilpe, kiwicha, and other beans. Local farmers also raise llamas and sheep as they chew locally grown coca leaves for energy.

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Colca Canyon, Peru

Colca Canyon, Peru

Credit: tobiasjo/ iStock

One reason Cotahuasi Canyon might not be as popular of a tourist destination is the fact that the world’s second deepest canyon, Colca Canyon, is also in Peru and is much more easily accessed from Arequipa, the country’s second largest city. Colca Canyon reaches depths of more than 13,600 feet, making it a truly wondrous site for those who visit and take in the picturesque views from its rim. The most popular vantage point in the valley is Chivay, also home to La Calera hot springs, a favorite of locals and tourists alike. Chivay offers travelers accommodations, dining, shopping, and tourist activities blended with local traditions. When you begin to explore the wonder of Colca Canyon, pay special attention to the majestic Andean condors flying throughout the canyon. One popular lookout point that offers breathtaking views is Cruz del Cóndor, located only a few short miles from Chivay.

Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, Tibet

Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon, Tibet

Credit: loonger/ iStock

The deepest canyon in the world, Yarlung Tsangpo, reaches depths of more than 25,000 feet near the valley where Mount Namcha Barwa is located along the Yarlung Tsangpo River, which runs through Tibet. This highly remote, unspoiled region of the the globe has distinctive flora and fauna such as the takin, a goat-like mammal endemic to the region. The vast size of the river and the canyon also result in multiple different climate zones. On one part of the canyon you can be in sub-tropical temperatures, while near the highest peaks trekkers will experience arctic-like conditions. In fact, the Yarlung Tsangpo River is so daunting, it has earned the nickname “Everest of Rivers.” As of 2019, no one has successfully rafted or kayaked the entire river.

3 Must-See Sites in Yellowstone National Park

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF TRIP TRIVIA)

 

3 Must-See Sites in Yellowstone National Park

Ulysses S. Grant and the United States Congress created Yellowstone National Park on March 1, 1872, making it the first national park in America. The park is significant not only for its age but also for its size, encompassing over 2.2 million acres in three states – Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.

Due to the park’s massive size, attempting to visit all the natural wonders contained within its borders can take weeks. Here are three sites that are not to be missed on your next trip to Yellowstone.

Old Faithful and the Upper Basin

Credit: mtnmichelle / iStock

Yes, Old Faithful is busy. Yellowstone National Park receives upwards of 4 million visitors each year, and the vast majority make a trip to the world’s most reliable large geyser. But this doesn’t mean you should skip it just because you might have to jockey for the best place to see it erupt. Old Faithful erupts every 44 to 125 minutes and blasts as much as 8,400 gallons of boiling water to heights of 145 feet—a dramatic, exciting, and dependable spectacle to observe.

Old Faithful can serve as your entry point to the Upper Geyser Basin, which features many other well-known geysers such as Daisy, Castle, Grotto, and Riverside. You can get away from the crowds at Old Faithful by taking a 1.4-mile walk to the Morning Glory Pool, a colorful thermal feature.

You can learn about the stratovolcano hidden beneath your feet at the Old Faithful visitor center. The stunning Old Faithful Inn, built in 1904, is also nearby if you want to stay the night in comfort.

Grand Canyon of Yellowstone

Credit: Ericliu08 / iStock

Many of the beautiful images on postcards from Yellowstone feature scenes from the stunning Grand Canyon area of Yellowstone. The canyon was formed by the eruption of the Yellowstone Caldera nearly 650,000 years ago and shaped by the subsequent lava flows and periods of glaciation that followed.

The canyon is nearly a mile wide, 20 miles long, and features some of the best hiking in the park. One of the best hikes in the area lets you meander through the canyon’s terra cotta-hued walls on the South Rim Trail. At the end you will find Artist Point, one of the most iconic viewpoints of the Yellowstone Falls.

You can see the Silver Cord Cascade, the tallest waterfall in the park, by hiking to the North Rim. Alternatively, you can look off the brink by the waterfall by following the Clear Lake-Ribbon trail. You can also see the geologic activity that shaped the park up close by checking out the vertical basalt overhangs and Overhanging Cliff.

Grand Prismatic Spring and The Midway Basin

Credit: Ajith Kumar / iStock

Another site worth pushing through the crowd for is the Grand Prismatic Spring in the Midway Basin. The Grand Prismatic Spring is the largest hot spring in America and the third largest in the world.

The heat created by the hot spring feeds micro-bacterial mats that give off vivid displays of color. These colors change as the climate changes over the course of the year, from green and red colors in the spring, orange to red in the summer, and dark green in the winter. These colors are contrasted by the stark blue of the center of the spring, which is sterile due to the extreme heat.

The Midway Basin is one of the smaller basins in Yellowstone but still features excellent hiking and opportunities to see wildlife. You can hike to the now dormant Excelsior geyser while keeping your eyes open for an opportunity to see bison, bighorn sheep, and white-tailed jackrabbits. To the direct north of the Midway Basin you will find the famous Fountain Paint Pots.

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5 Best Hikes Below the Rim at Grand Canyon National Park

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF TRIP TRIVIA)

 

5 Best Hikes Below the Rim at Grand Canyon National Park

As its name would suggest, the Grand Canyon is a sight to behold. The 277-mile canyon cut by the Colorado River is a majestic geological formation that’s taken around 6 million years to form.

Yet few see much, if any, of its inner beauty. Of the 5 million annual visitors, only around 1 percent explore below the canyon’s rim. While no hike into — and out of — the Grand Canyon is easy, it’s one of the most rewarding ways to get a feel for the incredible scale.

Luckily, there are lots of ways to see the grandness of the canyon with varying difficulties and great differences in scenery.

Tonto Trail

Credit: donvictorio/Shutterstock.com

This 70-mile trail traverses the Tonto Platform, which separates the inner gorge from the upper canyon, and intersects every South Rim trail in the canyon. At an average elevation of about 4,000 feet, it sits roughly 2,000 feet above the Colorado River, which you can see from numerous parts of the trail. It may only be used in conjunction with other trails, but its sheer length and the diverse landscape it goes through make it well worth the mention. There is limited water availability throughout the trail, which is almost exclusively in sunlight. It’s the trail that most reminds hikers that they’re in a desert basin.

Clear Creek Trail

Credit: Arlene Waller/Shutterstock.com

Clear Creek doesn’t run with its namesake trail; it’s the destination. Located on the north side of the river, it’ll take close to nine miles of moderate hiking to get to Clear Creek from Phantom Ranch. Another five miles will get experienced hikers to the secluded and much more difficult to access Cheyava Falls (though the high spout flows only after snowmelt in March or April). The Clear Creek Trail runs along the Tonto Platform, so be prepared for mostly sun here as well.

Hermit, Dripping Springs and Boucher Trails

Credit: Lissandra Melo/Shutterstock.com

Like a hiker would, let’s start from the top. First, it’s over a mile of steep, rocky switchbacks on the Hermit Trail. You could take that trail all the way down to the Tonto Platform, but the Dripping Springs Trail is easier and offers so much more — so let’s head that way. From the Hermit-Dripping Springs fork in the road, it’s only 1.2 miles to the next one. Either continue onto Dripping Spring, a half-mile or so away, or head down the Boucher Trail for a mostly difficult journey to the Colorado River, 7.8 miles below. We’d recommend both, though definitely not in the same day. Like just about all lengthy hikes below the Grand Canyon rim, camping will not only be wise but necessary. Permits are required to limit the number of inner canyon hikers, but they are relatively inexpensive and easy to attain from the Backcountry Information Center.

Bright Angel and South Kaibab Trails

Credit: Roman Khomlyak/Shutterstock.com

The two most popular trails are incredibly different from each other. And while the park doesn’t recommend it, hiking them both in one day is amazing — a feat that should not be attempted in the summer months, but taken with caution during the rest of the year. We’d recommend heading down the steeper South Kaibab Trail, a drier, sunnier trail with more spectacular views of the Colorado River below. It’s 5.9 miles from the trailhead to the Kaibab Bridge, which crosses over the river and makes for easy hiking. Another three-quarters of a mile and you’ll be ready to cross back over via the Silver Bridge. It’s mainly “easy” hiking for a mile or so, until you start your ascent up the Bright Angel Trail, which gradually covers the same 5,000-foot elevation change you made going down South Kaibab. From Silver Bridge, it’s a 9-mile jaunt up to the Bright Angel Trailhead. Along the way, a lovely shaded stop at Indian Garden and great access to the Bright Angel Creek.

Grandview Trail

Credit: Sean Xu/Shutterstock.com

You might look at the map and think to yourself, “Only three miles? How easy!” You’ll be rethinking that as soon as you descend from the trailhead. A pamphlet about the trail from the park service reads: “Large steps and extreme drop-offs intensify the steepness of the trail.” Intense is perhaps the most accurate word for the trail, which was built in 1893 as a mining route (remnants of the mine can still be found around Horseshoe Mesa, your likely destination). Views throughout the trail are some of the best in the entire canyon and the satisfaction of a completed hike there is among the best, too.

National Park Service proposes $70 entrance fee for 17 popular parks

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF CNN)

 

National Park Service proposes $70 entrance fee for 17 popular parks

Madison Park, CNN • Published 25th October 2017
(CNN) — The National Park Service proposes more than doubling the entrance fees at 17 popular national parks, including Grand Canyon, Yosemite, and Yellowstone, to help pay for infrastructure improvements.
Under the agency’s proposal, the entrance fee for a private vehicle would jump to $70 during peak season, from its current rate of $25 to $30.
The cost for a motorcycle entering the park could increase to $50, from the current fee of $15 to $25. The cost for people entering the park on foot or on bike could go to $30, up from the current rate of $10 to $15.
The cost of the annual pass, which permits entrance into all federal lands and parks, would remain at $80.
The proposal would affect the following 17 national parks during the 2018 peak season:
  • Arches
  • Bryce Canyon
  • Canyonlands
  • Denali
  • Glacier
  • Grand Canyon
  • Grand Teton
  • Olympic
  • Sequoia & Kings Canyon
  • Yellowstone
  • Yosemite
  • Zion
  • Acadia
  • Mount Rainier
  • Rocky Mountain
  • Shenandoah
  • Joshua Tree
Peak pricing would affect each park’s busiest five months for visitors.
The National Park Service said the increase would help pay for badly needed improvements, including to roads, bridges, campgrounds, water-line’s, bathrooms and other visitor services at the parks. The fee hikes could also boost national park revenue by $70 million per year, it said.
“The infrastructure of our national parks is aging and in need of renovation and restoration,” Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke said in a statement.
Of the 417 national park sites, 118 charge an entrance fee.
The National Park service has opened the proposal to public comments for 30 days at its website.
The proposal was blasted by the National Parks Conservation Association, a nonpartisan advocacy group.
“We should not increase fees to such a degree as to make these places — protected for all Americans to experience — unaffordable for some families to visit,” the group’s president and CEO Theresa Pierno said in a statement. “The solution to our parks’ repair needs cannot and should not be largely shouldered by its visitors.”
The South Kaibab Trail drops to the Colorado River in the bottom of the Grand Canyon in just under seven miles. Numerous day hike options turn around at phenomenal viewpoints if you don’t want to commit to an overnight trip to the bottom of the canyon.
Ben Adkison
“The administration just proposed a major cut to the National Park Service budget even as parks struggle with billions of dollars in needed repairs,” Pierno said. “If the administration wants to support national parks, it needs to walk the walk and work with Congress to address the maintenance backlog.”
On the National Park Service’s Facebook page, some commented that the proposal was reasonable since it was going to improve and maintain the parks. Others lamented that it would price working class people out of making trips that they had saved up for.
Entrance fees at several national parks, including Mount Rainer, Grand Teton and Yellowstone, went up in 2015 to their current price.
Those fee increases didn’t seem to deter visitors. In 2016, National Park Services received a record-breaking 331 million visits, which marked a 7.7% increase over 2015. It was the park service’s third consecutive all-time attendance record.
Most popular National Parks in 2016 (59 total)
Great Smoky Mountains National Park — 11,312,786 million visitors
Grand Canyon National Park — 5,969,811
Yosemite National Park — 5,028,868
Rocky Mountain National Park — 4,517,585
Zion National Park — 4,295,127
Yellowstone National Park — 4,257,177
Olympic National Park — 3,390,221
Acadia National Park — 3,303,393
Grand Teton National Park — 3,270,076
Glacier National Park — 2,946,681