Anne Frank may have been discovered by chance, new study says

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE BBC)

Anne Frank may have been discovered by chance, new study says

  • 17 December 2016
  • From the sectionEurope
A picture of Anne Frank taken on January 1, 1942 and released by the Anne Frank Fonds.Image copyrightAFP PHOTO /ANNE FRANK FONDS
Image captionAnne Frank’s diary has provided new hints about how and why her hiding place was uncovered

World-famous wartime diarist Anne Frank may have been discovered by chance and not because her hiding place was betrayed, a new theory suggests.

The Anne Frank House museum in Amsterdam believes the address could have been raided over ration fraud.

Researchers say the police who found the secret annexe may not have been looking for the eight Jews there.

The raid on Prinsengracht 263 saw all of those in hiding transported to the Auschwitz death camps.

Summarising its findings, the Anne Frank House said: “The question has always been: Who betrayed Anne Frank and the others in hiding? This explicit focus on betrayal, however, limits the perspective on the arrest.”

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Shortly before the raid, an anonymous caller supposedly revealed details of the secret annexe to the Sicherheitsdienst or SD (German Security Service) – but the study’s authors have questioned this account.

Using Anne’s diary entries from March 1944, researchers found that ration coupon fraud and illegal working activities may have triggered the fateful raid.

‘We have no coupons’

From 10 March 1944, Anne repeatedly wrote about the arrest of two men who dealt in illegal ration cards. She called the pair “B” and “D” – which stood for Martin Brouwer and Pieter Daatzelaar.

The pair were salesmen for a firm based at Prinsengracht 263, where Anne’s father Otto Frank also had his business – and where the family went into hiding.

Anne writes on March 14: “B and D have been caught, so we have no coupons…”

This shows that the Frank family got at least some of their food coupons clandestinely from these salesmen.

A plaque outside the Anne Frank museum in Amsterdam
Image captionThe Anne Frank museum in Amsterdam is located in the house where Anne and her family hid from the Nazis

Analysing police reports and judicial documents, the researchers also found that the police who discovered Anne and her companions were not generally employed to hunt down Jews in hiding.

Instead, they had worked on cases involving cash, securities and jewellery.

The study also notes that the police spent over two hours at the property – longer than it should have taken to arrest those cornered in the annexe.

Other evidence shows that people linked to Prinsengracht 263 had been punished by the Netherlands’ Nazi occupiers for evading work.

“A company where people were working illegally and two sales representatives were arrested for dealing in ration coupons obviously ran the risk of attracting the attention of the authorities,” the researchers wrote.

No firm conclusions have ever been drawn about who betrayed Anne Frank and her family to the Nazis.

The young writer ultimately died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, aged 15, just weeks before its liberation. Her father Otto was the only one of the annexe’s eight occupants to survive World War Two.

A symbolic tombstone commemorates Anne Frank and her sister Margot on the site of the former Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on March 17, 2015 in Lohheide, GermanyImage copyrightSEAN GALLUP/GETTY IMAGES
Image captionA symbolic tombstone commemorates Anne Frank and her sister Margot on the site of the former Bergen-Belsen concentration camp

Trump, His Wall And Mass Deportations Of At Least 20 Million People

 

Most everyone here in the U.S. knows by now that a big part of Donald Trumps early popularity was when he started talking about building a huge wall between Mexico and all of the adjoining states namely California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. I wish to make a few things straight with you before I get into my commentary today and that is I am not a fan of Mr. Trump, or Ms. Hillary nor either of their political parties. I am a person that believes in law and order but the law and order I believe in is Scriptural laws. We are all told to obey mans laws unless they are contrary to God’s laws and this is the way I believe. In this article I am going to give my personal beliefs on how we here in the U.S. need to handle our border issues as well as how to address the issue of many millions of illegal immigrants that are already here in the States.

 

When it comes to politics I am a registered Independent because I agree with some of the things that each of the National parties trumpet and I very much dislike some of each’s platform issues also. Since my teen years I have found myself to be a person that would have been a good mediator by trade. I started realizing this when I had friends that were very different from each other and would get into fights with each other yet I liked both even though they were different. I could never understand why I could get along with these people just fine but they could not get along at all. I bring this philosophy to today’s headline, if you can please consider my thoughts on this issue before you get all ticked off at me because I may not agree with your set in stone ideas.

 

I agree that every country needs to have secure borders so that they can know exactly who is in their country. I am for putting up a high large Plexiglas see through wall as a border with Mexico and with Canada with multiple entry points in every border state. This would be for the purpose of making it easy for people who want to visit our country to be able to do so without any problem, legally. This type of border would make it to where Mexico and Canada could also know who is coming into their countries from the U.S.. Don’t be to shocked with this concept, there are quite a few Mexican politicians who want to have a wall built on their Southern Border so that they can control the influx of people streaming into their country from Latin America and South America. If Mexico did this it would be a good thing for the U.S. also as many thousands of people coming from those regions are simply going through Mexico on their way to the U.S.. I am not at all anti-immigrant whether it be Mexican folks or folks from countries south of Mexico but every country needs to try their best to keep gang members, drug smugglers and other terrorist from crossing into their country. I know that most of the people coming into the U.S. across our southern border are simply people who are trying to find work so that they can feed their families and or they are trying to flee the violence of gangs and drug cartels. The Democratic party seems to be in favor of just opening up our borders so that everyone and anyone can come in at will. The Republican party seems to simply be anti poor people and seem to consider all the poor people coming across our southern border as evil people trying to destroy our country. I believe that both of their philosophies are quite ignorant as both policies will destroy our country in the end.

 

The U.S. media has been saying for years now that there are about 11 million illegal immigrants within our borders, I most humbly disagree with that figure. I traveled the lower 48 states for over 30 years in a commercial truck making pickups and deliveries and stops in every state many many times. One of the things that I couldn’t help but notice was that all over the country in all the big cities and in thousands of small towns was the very high Hispanic populations in the work places and walking the streets of their town. I personally believe that there are probably at least seven or eight million illegal folks just in California alone. I honestly believe that the 11 million the media talks about is actually most likely double that figure.

 

Mr. trump has stated several times that he thinks it is a good idea to deport all of these folks that are here illegally and I do understand the argument for this but in the end, this would be a horrible human catastrophic mistake. This would be a worse mistake than what was done to the Japanese people during world war two. Think about it for a moment please, if our government did go through with such a removal policy we would tear the moral fiber of this country apart. We would be hunting down millions of people like they were rabid dogs, removing parents while leaving their children to fend for themselves or being but into the welfare system. This policy would cause hatred that would never be cooled off. This ignorant policy would destroy whole towns, businesses, Churches and families for generations. No matter who wins in the November elections we as a Nation must invent a good and fair policy concerning both our borders and the illegals that are here right now. We need a policy to help give the people who are here now a very direct path to citizenship as long as they have not gotten into any physical violence trouble while they have been here, do not have any felony warrants out for their arrest and are not gang members. We should deport these trouble makers or arrest them and put them into prison. Yet we must not treat the people who are here simply trying to earn a living to support their families as if they are terrorists. Many people who are here from countries in South America are here trying to flee the violence and the gangs in their home lands, we must not put them back into those situations. About a week ago I watched a TV program that was showing people taking the oath and becoming U.S. citizens and I believe the figure they gave was that about 780,000 people each year get their legal citizenship this way. The program said that the majority of these people were from Mexico. Since we allow 780,000 each year now I believe that we as a country should allow lets say about one million people per year this benefit with about 700,000 of those folks being people from Mexico and or people from Latin or South America. Well, so much for my attempt at being a fair mediator, what are your opinions?