(This article is courtesy of the Shanghai Daily News)
China’s blueprint to end poverty
CHINA’S national plan for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was released at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on Monday when Premier Li Keqiang chaired a roundtable on sustainable development goals (SDGs).
The plan consists of five parts, including China’s achievements and experience in implementing the Millennium Development Goals, and the challenges and opportunities, guiding principles, roadmap and detailed plans of implementing SDGs.
As the first national plan that specifies various domains and goal-oriented concrete measures, the plan expounds China’s development policy and its efforts to help other developing countries implement the goals.
The 2030 Agenda, endorsed and launched at the UN Summit for Sustainable Development last year, is a blueprint for eradicating poverty across the world in the years leading up to 2030.
Implementation of the agenda, including its 17 SDGs and 169 targets, is high on the agenda of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly, which opened last week.
Leaders attending the G20 summit, in east China’s Hangzhou earlier this month, also pledged to actively implement the 2030 Agenda.
Pursuing sustainable development is the fundamental solution to all kinds of global problems, said Li, adding that accelerating implementation of the agenda is of great significance for now and in the long-term amid a weak global economic recovery and increasing difficulties and risks.
While deeming eradicating poverty and hunger as the top priority, he called for more efforts to promote robust, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth.
In the past 15 years, China had made remarkable achievements in poverty reduction, health service and education, he said.
Over the period, China had lifted over 400 million people out of poverty, reducing the mortality of children under 5 by two-thirds and that of pregnant women by three-quarters.
As a responsible developing country, China is willing to participate in relevant international cooperation, continuously increase investment in South-South cooperation, and share development experience and opportunities, Li said.
In order to support a bigger UN role in the implementation of the agenda, China is pledging an additional US$100 million in annual aid to UN development agencies by 2020 on top of the amount in 2015, Li said.
He also announced that China’s donation to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria will reach US$18 million in the next three years.
The round table, hosted by the Chinese government, was attended by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, UN General Assembly President Peter Thomson and the heads of 16 international organizations.
They highlighted the important role China has played in carrying forward the 2030 Agenda within the G20 framework.
The international organizations present at the round table expressed their willingness to strengthen cooperation with China, popularize China’s development experience, and jointly address challenges so as to push forward the sustainable development of China and the rest of the world.