PA police chief: Hamas must disarm under unity deal



PA police chief: Hamas must disarm under unity deal

Hazem Atallah’s comments came as cracks begin to show in reconciliation efforts between Fatah and the Gaza-based terror group

Major General Hazem Atallah (C), the head of the Palestinian police in the West Bank, speaks with journalists following a press conference in Ramallah on November 8, 2017. (Abbas Momani/AFP)

Major General Hazem Atallah (C), the head of the Palestinian police in the West Bank, speaks with journalists following a press conference in Ramallah on November 8, 2017. (Abbas Momani/AFP)

The head of the Palestinian Authority police said Wednesday that Hamas must disarm in order for a landmark reconciliation deal signed last month with rival Fatah to succeed.

Hazem Atallah’s comments came as cracks began to show in the Palestinian reconciliation deal mediated by Egypt over the issue of security control of the Gaza Strip.

The PA is due to retake control of the Strip, still run by the Hamas terror group, by December 1.

“We are talking about one authority, one law, one gun,” Atallah told journalists in Ramallah in the West Bank, echoing a line from Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas.

Asked whether he could allow Hamas’s armed wing to maintain its weapons while being in charge of police in Gaza, he said: “No way.”

Major General Hazem Attallah (C), the head of the Palestinian police in the occupied West Bank, speaks with journalists following a press conference in Ramallah on November 8, 2017. (Abbas Momani/AFP)

“It is impossible. How can I do security when there are all these rockets and guns and whatever? Is this possible? It doesn’t work.

“Otherwise how can I be in charge? Who is going to be standing and saying ‘I am the chief of police, I am in charge,’ if I am not controlling everything?”

He said the 8,000-9,000 Palestinian police who worked in Gaza before Hamas took over in 2007 would return to their posts, rejecting the idea of merging with the existing Hamas-led police.

This, he added, would need major financial support as the police’s budget would effectively double.

Hamas seized Gaza in 2007 following a near civil war with Fatah, which currently dominates the PA.

Last month the two parties signed an Egyptian-brokered reconciliation agreement under which Hamas is meant to hand over control of Gaza by December 1.

The agreement signed in Cairo does not specify the future for Hamas’s vast armed wing, the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades. Hamas has made clear it is not prepared to disarm.

On November 1, Hamas handed over control of border crossings in a first key test.

But in a sign of tension, PA Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah said Tuesday the PA still did not have full control of the crossings, with Hamas dominating the police and security inside Gaza.

Hamas rejected that, with a statement saying it had fully transferred power.

Hamas, which is considered a terrorist organization by Israel, the United States and the European Union, publicly seeks the destruction of Israel and has fought three wars with the Jewish state since 2008.

Israel has maintained a blockade on Gaza for a decade in order to prevent the import of weapons, while Egypt has also kept its border largely closed in recent years.

Multiple previous reconciliation attempts have failed.


Scientists Just Found a Hidden Chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza





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By Brian Rohan / AP

6:12 AM EDT

(CAIRO) — Scientists have found a hidden chamber in Egypt’s Great Pyramid of Giza, the first such discovery in the structure since the 19th century and one likely to spark a new surge of interest in the pharaohs.

In an article published in the journal Nature on Thursday, an international team said the 30-meter (yard) void deep within the pyramid is situated above the structure’s Grand Gallery, and has a similar cross-section. The purpose of the chamber is unclear, and it’s not yet known whether it was built with a function in mind.

The scientists made the discovery using cosmic-ray imaging, recording the behavior of subatomic particles called muons that penetrate the rock similar to X-rays, only much deeper. Their paper was peer-reviewed before appearing in Nature, an international, interdisciplinary journal of science.

The pyramid is also known as Khufu’s Pyramid for its builder, a 4th Dynasty pharaoh who reigned from 2509 to 2483 B.C. Visitors to the pyramid, on the outskirts of Cairo, can walk, hunched over, up a long tunnel to reach the Grand Gallery. The newly discovered chamber does not appear to be connected to any known internal passages.

Scientists involved in the scanning called the find a “breakthrough” that highlighted the usefulness of modern particle physics in archaeology.

“This is a premier,” said Mehdi Tayoubi, a co-founder of the ScanPyramids project and president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute. “It could be composed of one or several structures… maybe it could be another Grand Gallery. It could be a chamber, it could be a lot of things.”

“It was hidden, I think, since the construction of the pyramid,” he added.

The pyramids at Giza, the last surviving wonder of the ancient world, have captivated visitors since they were built as royal burial chambers 2,500 years ago. Experts are still divided over how they were constructed, so even relatively minor discoveries generate great interest.

Late last year, for example, thermal scanning identified a major anomaly in the Great Pyramid — three adjacent stones at its base which registered higher temperatures than others, stoking imaginations worldwide.

Speculation that King Tutankhamun’s tomb contains additional also antechambers stoked interest in recent years, before scans by ground-penetrating radar and other tools came up empty, raising doubts about the claim.

The muon scan is accomplished by planting special plates inside and around the pyramid to collect data on the particles, which rain down from the earth’s atmosphere. They pass through empty spaces but can be absorbed or deflected by harder surfaces, allowing scientists to study their trajectories and discern what is stone and what is not. Several plates were used to triangulate the void discovered in the Great Pyramid.

Tayoubi said the team plans to work with others to come up with hypotheses about the area.

“The good news is that the void is there, and it’s very big,” he said.

Egypt’s Sisi Seeks more Coordination with EU to Confront Terrorism



Sisi Seeks more Coordination with EU to Confront Terrorism

Tuesday, 31 October, 2017 – 10:30
Egypt’s President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi speaks during a news conference at the El-Thadiya presidential palace in Cairo, Egypt. (Reuters)
Cairo – Mohammed Abdo Hassanein

Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi stressed the importance of strengthening coordination and consultations with the European Union (EU) in regional files to confront joint challenges emerging from the existing regional crises, topped by terrorism and its repercussions on the security of the Middle East and Europe.

Sisi received on Monday Commissioner for European Neighborhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn in the presence of Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry.

The president welcomed the EU official, stressing that Egypt pays great attention to its ties with the EU in light of their bilateral cooperation within the framework of the Egyptian-European partnership agreement, said presidential spokesman Bassam Rady.

Sisi also affirmed that the EU is the first trade partner of Egypt.

For his part, Hahn voiced the EU’s keenness on bolstering the existing cooperation with Egypt, which is considered one of the most important neighboring countries.

He hailed Egypt’s pivotal role in the region as it is the main pillar of stability and security, lauding steps taken over the past years to achieve stability and efforts exerted to fight terrorism and illegal migration..

The meeting tackled means of promoting joint cooperation in various developmental issues, as well as the latest regional developments, including Egypt’s efforts to achieve Palestinian reconciliation and settle the Libyan crisis.

The two sides agreed on continuing coordination and consultation pertaining to the various regional issues, the spokesman reiterated.

In this context, during a joint press conference with Hahn, Shoukry pointed out that the meeting provided ample opportunity to address human rights issues.

The Egyptian point of view was raised regarding the aspirations of the society and the government to promote human rights, the positive role of civil society organizations and the attention given by the government to address these issues from a comprehensive perspective.

Shoukry also shed light on Egypt’s efforts to prevent any type of illegal immigration from its territory, stressing that this stems from the Egyptian state’s responsibility to control its coasts, prevent illegal immigration and eliminate human trafficking.

The meeting also included the singing of a memorandum of understanding, which outlined the allocation of European financial assistance to a number of development projects in accordance with Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy 2030.

Emir of Kuwait: Our Mediation in Qatar Crisis



Emir of Kuwait: Our Mediation in Qatar Crisis Aims to Protect GCC from Rift

Wednesday, 25 October, 2017 – 08:45
The Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah attends the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) summit in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia December 9, 2015. Image used for illustrative purpose. REUTERS/Saudi Press Agency/Handout via Reuters/File Photo
Kuwait – Mirza Khuwaildi

Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah stressed on Tuesday, as he opened the legislative term of the parliament, that Kuwait is not a third party, and that its sole goal is to reconcile the two sides, to restore the Gulf home, and make moves to protect it from rifts and collapse.

Kuwait has been actively mediating for a settlement of the crisis that erupted in the open on June 5 between Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and the UAE from one side and Qatar from the other.

Sheikh Sabah added, “Therefore, everyone must know the mediation of Kuwait, a country that is aware of the possibility of expansion of this crisis, is not just a traditional mediation by a third party between two different parties. We are one party with the brothers on the two sides.”

He continued, “I am the one who protects the constitution and will not allow it to be prejudiced because it is the basic guarantee after God Almighty,” adding that Kuwait is facing economic challenges that make reforms a pressuring need.

Sheikh Sabah considered that the economic reform program must diversify income sources, reinforce non-oil revenues, develop Kuwaiti human resources, rationalize public expenditure and improve government performance to build a promising future for Kuwait.

National Assembly Speaker Marzouq al-Ghanim described the GCC as the greatest historic achievement and tackled economic challenges of Kuwait. Further, Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah called on Ghanim to open a new page of serious cooperation.

PM affirmed that the government is determined to perform its tasks in nontraditional ways along with developing its performance in which administrative routine complications that disrupt interests and transactions are overcome.

16 Egyptian police officers killed in shootout with militants



16 Egyptian police officers killed in shootout with militants

Mourners in Cairo pray during a funeral Saturday for a police captain killed in the desert shootout.

Story highlights

  • Police trying to raid “terrorist elements’ hideout” in Western Desert, ministry says
  • At least 16 police officers were killed and 13 injured, it says

(CNN)At least 16 Egyptian police officers were killed and 13 injured in a shootout with militants in Egypt’s Western Desert, Egypt’s Interior Ministry said Saturday.

The firefight occurred Friday as police were attempting to raid “a terrorist elements’ hideout” in the desert’s Bahariya Oasis about 370 kilometers (more than 220 miles) southwest of Cairo. The shootout lasted several hours, according to an Interior Ministry statement.
The statement said national security forces had received information that “terrorists” were in the desert to “hide, train, equip, and carry out terrorist operations, taking advantage of the rugged desert and ease of movement.”
Fifteen “terrorists” were killed or injured in the attack, state-run media outlet Ahram Online reported Saturday, citing the Interior Ministry.

“The tribal nature of Arab societies is deeply embedded in the past”



Post-Oct. 19th 2017
1. Dr. Salman Masalha, an Israeli Druze literary intellectual, argues: “The tribal nature of Arab societies is deeply embedded in the past, and its roots date back through Arab history to the pre-Islamic era. … Since Arab societies are tribal in nature, the various forms of monarchies and Emirates are the natural continuation of this ingrained social structure in which tribal loyalty comes before all else.”
2. Mamoun Fandy, an Egyptian-born American scholar, wrote in the Saudi newspaper Asharq Al-Awsat:
“The Arabs, even after the arrival of Islam, were never “ideological” people who seek to develop an intellectual vision of ourselves and the outside world. Instead, we are the people of blood relations and family ties, or “Shalal” as we call it in Egypt. … Despite the fact that Islam was the greatest intellectual revolution in our history, we, as Arabs, have succeeded in adapting Islam to serve the tribe, the family, and the clan. Islamic history began as an intellectual revolution, and as a history of ideas and countries; however, after the beginning of the Orthodox Caliphate, it was transformed into a somewhat tribal state. The State of Islam became the Umayyad State and after that the Abbasid, the Fatimid, and so on and so forth. This means that we now have a history of tribes instead of a history of ideas. … Has this tribal history, alongside tribal and family loyalties and the priority of blood relations over intellectual relations went forever after the “Arab spring?” Of course not; what has happened is that the families and tribes have dressed themselves up in the cloak of revolutions in Yemen and in Libya, and in Egypt, the opposition consists of tribes rather than concepts.”
The history of the Middle East, the centuries of tribal wars, and the ongoing fissures in Arab society all testify to the Arab tribal culture and structural opposition. There may have been good reasons to stick with tribal culture and organization in pre-modern times: states and empires were despotic, exploitative, and heavily dependent on slave-labor, and tribal organization gave some people a chance to remain independent. In recent times, with the modern state model, governments in the Middle East have tried to establish states, but these have foundered on tribal loyalties and oppositions, which do not fit with constitutional states. Rulers in the region have all turned to coercion to maintain their positions, making all Muslim states in the region despotic. Many Middle Easterners see the disasters around them, and blame outsiders: “It is the fault of the Jews”; “The British did this to us”; “The Americans are to blame.”[5] Many Western academics and commentators say the same, dignifying this counter-historic theory with the label “postcolonialism.” But given that tribal dynamics were dominant in the region for a thousand years since the foundation of Islam, and thousands of years before that, blaming outsiders for regional dynamics is hardly credible. Nonetheless, “postcolonialists” will claim that pointing to regional culture as the foundation of regional dynamics is “blaming the victim.” We in the West, unlike Middle Easterners, love “victims.” But what if Middle Easterners are victims of the limitations and shortcomings of their own culture?
3. October 11, 2016, Australian writer and blogger Petra Liverani writing at off-Guardian said: “One of the most prominent gatekeepers of 9/11 truth is Noam Chomsky. In this article, I will analyze two videos (watch below) of Chomsky speaking about 9/11. What can be observed is that Chomsky consistently avoids discussing hard evidence, exempting himself with the spurious claim that he has insufficient technical expertise to make a judgement, and takes refuge in fallacious argument which falls into two categories: strawman (arguing against a misstated or invented argument from the other side) and argumentum ad speculum (arguing an hypothesis after the fact which may well be contrary to the facts but, in any case, avoids dealing with the actual facts). At the core, Chomsky is being dishonest.” Note: Prof. Noam Homsky is Jewish Prof, that was born and grown up in Israel, studied and lectured in Israel before he became anti-Israeli/pro-Muslim propaganda. He supports anti-Israeli movements. Please pay attention to the last word in the above piece. The word “Dishonest” says much more than the word. It presents the mood.
4. Arab murdered another Arab. The guns in the Arab sector in Israel works overtime. The victims are mostly Arabs. The Arabs collected the arms to fight Israel, but they have no complaints against Israelis, so they aim it at their own people. Due to the vast use of arms by Arabs against Arabs, the Arab Knesset members apply to the police to collect the arms. The police call all Arabs to hand the arms. The result was that one old pistol and one hand grenade were returned. The reason is that the Arabs want to keep the arms against other people of them. Yesterday one more Arab was shot to death. He was known to the police. His family was informed about it, so they rushed to his home, broke into railway while a train was in high speed and 3of them are hospitalized. I write it in order to let you understand that these people have no rule as they behave the Quran way:” Harb” which means “war”. This is their main motive.
5. A Palestinian stabber was shot while trying to stab. He was rushed to the hospital. No Israeli casualties.
6. Another Arab was shot to death by his opponents is a fight between 2 Arabs clans from the same village. Another 8 people, from both sides, were wounded. This is the culture of the Quran that calls for a war that causes all these results.
7. And: Another Arab, aged 25, was charged for rapping of a girl of fewer than 14 years old. Well, if prophet Muhammad married a 4.5 years old Jewish girl, as told in the Quran, a 14 years old girl suppose, according to this code, be mature for sex. The funny/strange thing is that the very same Arabs prohibit their children of having sex before they get married. If they do they very often, get murdered, by their family, because of not keeping the family honor. But in the same time, girls, not from their seed family, can be rapped. This is the double standard that the Muslims keep not just in sexual life. It is their style of life.
8. Israel is listed at the top of the list of people that carry academic degree. Maybe this is one of the reasons why Israel is called the High-Tec nation. Anyway, the export of Israeli technologies is just next to the USA.
9. The Israeli wrestler, Daniel Lishinsky (43) was honored with the gold medal in a Greek-Roman style. He reached the final. His opponent in the final contest suppose to be Iranian, but he did not show up, So the Israeli was ranked 1st.
10. To all of you that blame Israel for not being Humanitarian and or liberal I direct you to the “Jewish spirit”. If you know it, than compare the Judaism to other religions. If you don’t know, it’s a problem as to study it will consume a lot of time. But it pays as the Judaism is very intelligent and interesting religion. The ethic and cultural way gives a breath of freshmen to the other religions. The Judaism is identified with a religion of culture. So everybody that want to survive not in war the Judaism suite him very much. We can see it from the long history of the Jews. In spite of all the riots and other obstacles the Jews still survive and bloom. Why? Because of the cultural part of the religion. Actually it is much more: More and more people, in the world, recognize Israel like the only sensible entity in this part of the world. In the past the Arabs managed to blame Israel and describe it as the guilty for the ongoing wars. But today the people see that Israel is the only reasonable place in this stormy part of the world. Quarter Israel is recognized as a world asset. It will never be recognized by UNESCO as long as the Arabs have there the majority. Why it will not? As UNESCO does not fulfill its original aim which was to look and find the unified between men and to improve the relations. They failed. Why? Because of the composition/mix of the representatives in this house. Israel and UNESCO can survive without each other. If Israel leaves UNESCO she will take with her the “Light of the people” as written in the bible and will stay with it and this will get the way to Israel while the entire of the world will remain in darkness.
11. Israel is now in the 3rd phase of removing the mines that were installed in the Golan Heights by the Syrians. In couple of months everybody, including the Syrians themselves will be visiting the place safely. This is another major difference between Israel and Syria, that is in common with all Arabs: They do everything to ruin while we, Israel, do our utmost to improve.
12. Israeli delegation to the conference of Parliaments members, that took place in Moscow, was forced to leave/evacuate the conference room due to Muslim countries interferences/disturbs and threatening. Again, this just shows you the way of the Muslims that instead of talking/discussing/listening they adopt the war way as/that was dictated in the Quran.
13. The Palestinians and Hamas are in fight, for many years, although they suppose be friends because they claim that they are brothers. Egypt was doing enormous efforts to establish peace between these 2 enemies. They came to some sort of agreement, concerning the establishment of peace. In this agreement there was a secret annex, in which the Fatah will take the lead, Hamas will hand its arms to Fatah and Fatah will keep the security of the Palestinians. Such secret agreement does not work. So, the entire of the agreement is going to collapse just 4 days after it was signed. This is one more negative face of the Islam.
14. The main point is that many leaders in the world consider the Arabs as another nation on earth. This is a fatal mistake. If we examine carefully the history of the Muslims we see very clearly a very slippery deterioration of these people/nation/religion as from the developed/leading position that they use to take in the past to the lowest point that they currently stand. The relations in the Arab world consist of family relation not of national relations. It means that there is a permanent fight who will have higher position/honor in the family and in the community. This is a lousy fight as instead of putting all efforts to improve the situation/condition of the general public. Due to it Hamas is having troubles choosing their leader. This was the reason for the last war and the deterioration of the economic situation. This deterioration was the reason why the proud Hamas agreed to sign the peace agreement with the Fatah. The Fatah pressed Hamas to the floor by not paying their water, power and fuel bills to Israel and to Egypt. The current dispute between Hamas and Fatah is because Fatah didn’t transfer the promised money that should improve the bad/hard situation of the leadership and the citizens. It is important to make clear that Hamas was/is getting funds from various foreign states, that, pity, donor Hamas with money that goes to build tunnels, in the underground Gaza, to fight Israel, instead of rebuilding the ruined homes of their citizens, above the surface. Following repeated requests some of the European states stopped funding the tunnel. Another interesting point is that the leaders of the world are doing substantial efforts to keep the friendship of the Arabs. The only reason is that the Arabs are very good customers of food. They have many mouths to feed so they need much food and this creates vast money to the food producers. These also increase/deepen the influence of the seller on the buyer. This relations suites many states so they apply, following Muslim’s requests, to Israel to make concessions to the Arabs. We must remember. Again, that the motto/aim of Hamas, as declared by them, is to ruin Israel and kill all Jews. So, living with such declarations, not being afraid of it, Israel will do nothing to help/improve Hamas situation as long as they don’t change their ideology against Israel and stop being a terror movement. The requested change consist of stopping attack Israel from Gaza by any of the mini-terror groups, disarmed Hamas and officially recognize Israel as the state of Jews. In general the agreement is looked like a sailing ship that is conducted by couple of captains. Such a ship will get, unfortunately, for the sake of the sailors, nowhere.
15. BDS??? Ha, Ha, Ha!!! They applied for permission to stick anti Israeli propaganda in the railway/subway stations in London. They were totally refused by the municipality of the city. Just to remind you, the Mayor of London is a Muslim. Another Israeli victory against another BDS defeat. Let’s pray for many events like this.
16. Apartheid in Israel: 2 Arab sisters studied in Israeli university and became the 1st 2 sisters, women, dentists. Apartheid???
17. Protalix is an Israeli pharmacy company that developed the PRX-102. Its stock market jumped by 32% after it was announced that they signed a sale agreement with an Italian company. The agreement value is $450 million + royalties. The medicine treats the contamination of fat in different cells that cause pains and cancer.
Pray for peace.
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Gaza Opens its Doors after Years of Deprivation



Gaza Opens its Doors after Years of Deprivation

Wednesday, 4 October, 2017 – 11:30
Abdulrahman Al-Rashed
Abdulrahman Al-Rashed is the former general manager of Al-Arabiya television. He is also the former editor-in-chief of Asharq Al-Awsat, and the leading Arabic weekly magazine Al-Majalla. He is also a senior columnist in the daily newspapers Al-Madina and Al-Bilad.

Gaza’s leadership finally welcomed the Palestinian Authority with arms wide open to end their dispute.

This is a very important political and humanitarian agreement credited for the government of Egyptian President Abdul Fattah el-Sisi, the first in a decade who succeeded in doing so.

If the deal’s implementation went as planned, and Ramallah and Gaza’s leaders cooperated, one of the worst politicians-made humanitarian disasters would be over.

There is no doubt that Gaza’s leaders, who were drawn into Qatar’s adventures and Iran’s exploitation, are responsible for the dark stage.

For ten painful years the densely populated strip suffered, and its people witnessed devastating wars having no political objectives. The factions in the enclave fought with extremists and radicals.

Trade was banned, tunnels were blocked, swimming in the sea was forbidden, and fishermen were constrained.

The suffering began when the airport, symbol of peace promise and better future, was closed.

Most of Gaza’s news became about the crossing point, and when it would be open for humanitarian cases.

The people’s suffering was neither a national duty nor a political necessity. It was rather a nonsensical disagreement and personal rivalry over leadership.

Not until the new agreement goes into full effect for weeks and months, will we be certain that it will last. However, this remains the best thing that has happened in years.

Can Rami Hamdallah’s government run the enclave and coexist with Hamas simultaneously? Will disagreements be forgotten and replaced by a cooperation that shall unite the strip back with the West Bank?

Many old reasons make this a difficult task, and even if it succeeds today, it might not last.

Gaza’s return to Ramallah is an important sign on the Palestinian leadership’s ability to speak on behalf of all Palestinians.

The reconciliation puts an end to Israel’s rejection of peace claiming that “Hamas,” “Islamic Jihad”, and other armed opposition movements thwarted past attempts for peace.

Reconciliation opens the door to any international desire to launch a new initiative.

Even if a serious peace plan is not produced, at least it will be possible to reform the internal Palestinian situation shattered by conflicts over authority.

Egypt’s return is an important new peace factor. It was responsible for sponsoring the Gaza Strip, hadn’t it been for the Qatari-Iranian interventions that struck Egypt’s role, created a wall of fear and closed the strip.

During the 10 years of intra-Palestinian conflict, Egypt tried to mediate but failed. However, this is the first time we see a sign of hope in ending the conflict between two brothers.

Sincere intentions are required so that the authority isn’t tempted into total domination, nor does it become a victim of Hamas’ deception to open the crossings in order to overcome the crisis, provide its needs, and then return to disagreement and estrangement.

Reconciliation and the opening of Gaza may be the door to regional stability and a sign of an end to regional chaos.

Archaeologists Have Figured Out How The Great Giza Pyramid Was Built




Ancient Egyptians reportedly built the Great Pyramid at Giza by shifting more than 154 million kilograms of limestone in boats.

Archaeologists working with a documentary to be screened on UK’s Channel 4 claims to have unearthed an ancient scroll, a network of waterways and a ceremonial boat, The Sun reports.

The papyrus scroll is believed to date back to 2600BC and is said to be the only firsthand account of how the Great Pyramid was constructed.

The evidence claims to prove thousands of workers helped move 154,221,406kgs of limestone along the River Nile in boats made with planks and rope.

The Sun reports the limestone blocks were transported through the waterways before arriving at a purposely built inland port.

“We’ve outlined the central basin, which we think was the primary delivery area to the foot of the Giza Plateau,” archaeologist Mark Lehner said.

The Great Pyramid, which was the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu, was built in 2600BC.


Little is known about Khufu other than that he ruled during the Forth Dynasty in the first half of the Old Kingdom after succeeding his father.

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The Truth behind Military Intervention in Qatar




The Truth behind Military Intervention in Qatar

Only 48 hours into Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt putting their boycott with Qatar into effect, Doha straightaway announced resorting to Turkish army troops.

The move shocked all Gulf States and even other foreign forces. Neither was the rift with Qatar a newly found dilemma, nor was the list of demands put forth by the quartet unexpected. Qatar’s Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani had already signed onto them, but without fully falling through with implementation.

Political disputes and crises– among Arab Gulf countries in particular– have long been known to be settled through diplomacy and never military interventions.

In a nutshell, the four countries practiced rights dictated by sovereignty and have shut down all vents that could allow for evil or terror to come through the Qatari peninsula. On the other hand, Qatar’s response was to open up all ports and airspace to military troops—although it paradoxically made claims of being put under a brutal siege. The move presented a disastrous escalation for the region.

Doha, without previous warning, decided on militarizing a diplomatic crisis, unaware of the grave tensions it brought along by inviting foreign troops into the region.

Even though boycotting countries made it clear on many occasions that the row with Qatar goes beyond independent perceptions and is based on views shared by many other Arab and Islamic countries, Qatar’s reactions were shocking, nonsensical and quite rebellious–anyone could see that.

Many times, Doha’s policy-making decisions went against the interests of the Qatari people. Its confused stance and promotion of delusional claims on military threats, counteractively verifies the truth behind the quartet’s position and reasons for distancing itself up until this very moment.

Qatar’s escalatory stances sent a dangerous message it fails to see the aftermath entailed, given they compromise regional security and stability. Despite the Saudi-led bloc of four not going after a military option itself, the boycotting countries –like any other country in the world- are obliged to uphold their national security.

It is only natural that they do not allow for Doha to bring about impending threats to the security and stability of their people, which inviting foreign troops into the Gulf region exactly does. All the more, Qatar’s move was based on invalid justifications.

Absurdly, a state coming from a politically, socially and military weak position would still take on the risk of provoking mightier neighboring states which itself accuses of attempting to impose a regime change within its territory.

The matter of the fact is that regime change in Qatar was never an option, and that the goal was clearly defined by forcing the peninsula to reconsider its aggressive behavior.

It is worth noting that by Qatar turning to loud rhetoric, political cries, and foreign military intervention to escape its diplomatic crisis evidently proves that Doha policies weren’t strong enough to preserve the stability of its ruling regime in the first place. A thought-provoking scene of political adolescence?!

US President Donald Trump summarized the whole feeble Qatari cry on it being under the threat of military intervention by telling the Emir of Qatar himself “no,” when he asked Trump on whether he had warned the Saudis against taking up military action against Qatar.

Qatar’s position was embarrassing as the president of a world super power snubs its narrative which was the product of a grievances-based policy. The same cry it used to justify allowing foreign forces to set foot in the region. Qatar wrongly employed a strategy to incite the four countries, but it only backfired as it proved Doha’s regime fragile and a volatile threat to both Gulf state and regional security.

Doha’s credibility before the world has been compromised by its own lies. The Qatari regime has emerged with no cover to confront the boycott’s effects. Promoting military intervention only shows how fear-struck the peninsula regime is.

Day by day, the crisis deepens as Doha turns a blind eye.  What Qatar truly fears is not ‘military intervention’, but its revolutionary policies proving a costly failure which the regime cannot easily dodge.

Salman Al-dossary

Salman Al-dossary

Salman Aldosary is the former editor-in-chief of Asharq Al-Awsat newspaper.

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Egypt Sentences ISIS Killers to Death for Beheading of 21 Coptic Christians In Libya



Egypt Sentences ISIS Killers to Death for Beheading of 21 Coptic Christians in Libya

(PHOTO: REUTERS/SOCIAL MEDIA VIA REUTERS TV)Men in orange jumpsuits purported to be Egyptian Christians held captive by the Islamic State kneel in front of armed men along a beach said to be near Tripoli, in this still image from an undated video made available on social media on February 15, 2015. 

A court in Egypt has sentenced to death seven people over links to the Islamic State terror group in northwest Egypt and over the February 2015 beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians in Libya.

The seven were accused of being members of an Islamic State cell in Marsa Matruh and of planning attacks after having received military training at jihadist camps in Libya and Syria, AFP quoted judicial officials as saying. Three of them were sentenced to death in absentia.

The newswire added that an unspecified number of those condemned were accused of having taken part in the beheadings.

The death sentence will now be reviewed by Egypt’s mufti.

Thirteen others are on trial in the same case, and rulings for them are scheduled to be delivered on Nov. 25.

An affiliate of Islamic State, which also known as IS, ISIS, ISIL or Daesh, in North Sinai started an insurgency after the military’s ouster in 2013 of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.

IS released a video of the 2015 beheadings, titled “A Message Signed With Blood to the Nation of the Cross.” Despite the horrific actions of the jihadists, the minority Coptic community in Egypt has been emboldened by the example the 21 men set in the video in their refusal to deny Christ.

As International Christian Concern reported at the two-year anniversary of the beheadings in February, relatives of the men, who were kidnapped in separate incidents in Libya throughout December 2014 and January 2015, have been honoring the memories of their loved ones.

One widow said at the time that her husband “kept the faith, and was martyred in the name of Christ. His faith was very strong. I’m proud of him. He has lifted our heads up and honored us and all the Christians.”

The children of the 21 Christians have also said that they are “proud” of the courage their fathers showed the world by refusing to renounce their faith.

Numerous Coptic Christians cross over to Libya in search of work despite knowing that they will face severe persecution, including death.

The Sunday Times recently quoted a Coptic Christian as saying, “We know it is more likely we will die than live in Libya but we don’t have a choice… More and more people are going to Libya because of the economic crisis here. You can’t get work, you can’t make money in Egypt. We are aware of the dangers, particularly as Christians.”

In July, at least 22 Egyptian migrants were found dead in the Libyan wilderness. According to the Libyan Red Crescent, they died from heat and starvation.

A Libya intelligence report estimates that about 700 IS terrorists have re-grouped in the valleys and desert areas south of the city of Bani Walid, and another 3,000 terrorist fighters from different groups, including al-Qaeda, are operating in the country.