Brazil: Majority considers fair release of Lula, says Datafolha

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF BRAZIL’S 247 NEWS)

 

Majority considers fair release of Lula, says Datafolha

According to a survey by the Datafolha Institute, 54% of respondents approve the release of former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, after a ruling by the Supreme Court against arrest after co-ordination in the second instance.

(Photo: Paulo Pinto / FotosPublicas)
 

247 – For the majority of the population it was fair to release President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who served 580 days as a political prisoner for Lava Jato. This is what the latest Datafolha survey points to. 

According to the survey, 54% of respondents believe that Lula’s release was fair, compared to 42% who consider it unfair. They said they did not know 5% of respondents.   

The survey polled 2,948 people between December 5 and 6 in 176 municipalities across the country. The margin of error is plus or minus two percentage points.    

The former president won freedom after the Supreme Court ruling that changed the court’s old understanding and found unconstitutional the arrest of convicted defendants who still have pending appeals in higher courts, as is the case of Lula – indicates report by Felipe Bächtold in Folha from S. Paulo. .

China: CPC leadership deliberates upon 2020 economic work, anti-corruption

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF SHANGHAI CHINA’S ‘SHINE’ NEWS NETWORK)

 

CPC leadership deliberates upon 2020 economic work, anti-corruption

Xinhua

The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee held a meeting Friday to analyze the economic work for 2020 and make plans for improving conduct and building integrity within the CPC as well as fighting corruption.

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.

Gordon Sondland’s impeachment testimony was beyond damning. Will it matter?

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE LOS ANGLES TIMES)

 

Editorial: Gordon Sondland’s impeachment testimony was beyond damning. Will it matter?

U.S. Ambassador to the EU Gordon Sondland

Gordon Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, has emerged as a key figure in the House impeachment inquiry.
(Jim Lo Scalzo / EPA/Shutterstock )

Even before Gordon Sondland testified publicly Wednesday in the House impeachment inquiry, investigators had assembled a persuasive if circumstantial case that President Trump abused his power to prod Ukraine to conduct investigations that would benefit Trump politically — just as the unnamed whistleblower contended. But Sondland, the U.S. ambassador to the European Union, strengthened that case immeasurably with his testimony, which had added weight because he is a Trump political appointee who can’t be accused of being part of a sinister “deep state.”

The events Sondland recounted dovetailed with what previous witnesses had revealed. He testified that there was indeed a “quid pro quo” involved in Ukraine policy: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky would not get the coveted White House visit he was promised unless he announced investigations into a Ukrainian energy company for which former Vice President Joe Biden’s son served as a director and into a conspiracy theory that Ukraine, not Russia, interfered in the 2016 U.S. election. In an important revelation, Sondland said he also concluded from all he was hearing that, as surely as “two plus two equals four,” U.S. security aid was being held up as well in order to pressure Ukraine into announcing those investigations.

There was more: Sondland made it clear that Trump had expressly directed him and other U.S. officials to work with Rudolph W. Giuliani, Trump’s personal lawyer, who has agitated for a Ukrainian investigation of the Bidens and who was Trump’s emissary on the demand for a quid pro quo. “We did not want to work with Mr. Giuliani,” Sondland testified. “Simply put, we played the hand we were dealt.”

Finally, Sondland testified that his efforts and Guiliani’s weren’t the result of a rogue foreign policy. Instead, he said, important officials in the administration — including Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney — were “in the loop” about the pressure campaign.

What emerges from his testimony and that of other witnesses is an all too believable picture of a foreign policy process hijacked by the president’s willingness to use the powers of his office to benefit his domestic political interests.

Republicans on the Intelligence Committee argued that Sondland’s testimony wasn’t a smoking gun because he couldn’t cite any conversation in which Trump had told him that there was a quid pro quo. The president himself pointed reporters to a Sept. 9 telephone call in which Trump, Sondland testified, told him that “I want nothing” from Ukraine and forswore any quid pro quo. But that call took place after the whistleblower complaint was filed, and on the same day Congress announced an investigation of whether there was a quid pro quo. The timing of Trump’s denial makes it suspect, to say the least.

Moreover, the idea that Trump wanted nothing from Ukraine conflicts with what remains the most incriminating evidence against the president: the reconstructed transcript of the president’s July 25 telephone call with Zelensky in which, after noting that “we do a lot for Ukraine,” Trump suggested that Ukraine “do us a favor.” He asked Zelensky to investigate a conspiracy theory linking Ukraine to hacked Democratic emails and suggested that he talk with Atty. Gen. William Barr about rumors that Biden as vice president had forced the firing of a Ukrainian prosecutor widely viewed as corrupt in order to protect Hunter Biden. Both ideas emanated from discredited Ukranian sources, some of whom have since recanted the allegations that Giuliani had fed to Trump.

Significantly in light of Sondland’s testimony, Trump in that call said it “would be great” if Zelensky would speak to Giuliani.

An array of witnesses, including Sondland, have provided the larger context in which that conversation — which Trump has defended as “perfect” — must be viewed. The fact that the administration has blocked the testimony of witnesses in close contact with Trump, such as Mulvaney or former national security advisor John Bolton, is outrageous. Trump himself should testify, as he suggested this week he might.

But let’s be clear. Even without such testimony, the House committee has pieced together a plausible and damning narrative, and Trump’s defenders are forced to rely on utterly incredible arguments. They include the laughable idea that Trump might have a principled objection to corruption in Ukraine (or anywhere else) and the “all’s well that ends well” defense: The administration ultimately released the aid for Ukraine — after the whistleblower complaint was filed and Congress started looking into the delay.

The testimony will go on, and some point the House may decide that Trump’s abuse of power justifies the extraordinary step of impeachment. But even if the president is impeached, the servility of congressional Republicans makes it unlikely that he would be convicted by the Senate and removed from office before the end of his term. That means his corrupt and chaotic presidency must be brought to a merciful end next year, at the ballot box.


We’re starting to see the scale of Trump’s personal corruption — and it’s massive

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF SALON NEWS)

 

We’re starting to see the scale of Trump’s personal corruption — and it’s massive

Mandatory stops at Trump resorts are the tip of the iceberg. This president has been “wetting his beak” all along

 

 

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HEATHER DIGBY PARTON
SEPTEMBER 9, 2019 1:20 PM (UTC)

So President Trump had a very normal weekend. He tweeted repeatedly about his mistake in telling Alabama it was in the path of Hurricane Dorian, insisting that it wasn’t a mistake at all. The controversy grew into something quite serious when it became obvious Trump was ordering an admiral to fall on his sword and take responsibility, and forcing political appointees at the NOAA to say his lie was actually the truth. Orwell has been mentioned. A lot.

Then Trump had an angry Twitter tantrum on Saturday night, announcing that he was canceling a secret meeting with leaders of the Taliban, that had apparently scheduled for Sunday morning at Camp David.

According to this tick-tock in the New York Times, Trump had decided to inject himself into the later stages of the negotiation with this Camp David gambit. But the whole thing was upended by his ego-maniacal desire to one-up Jimmy Carter and get credit for a big peace deal without having the first clue what he was doing or understanding the stakes. One of the parties he wanted for his photo-op was anathema to the Taliban, so they balked and then the whole thing fell apart — supposedly when Trump suddenly realized that the Taliban was still killing people. Nobody can quite figure out why he tweeted it out. One gets the feeling he doesn’t know either.

Those two stories dominated the news this weekend, but there was another brewing that will start to come into focus this week — if, that is, the Democrats do what they say they’re going to do. Congressional committees are reconvening and new reporting indicates they may have more information about Trump’s corruption than has been made public.

A couple of weeks ago I wondered if President Trump wasn’t hedging his bets a little bit on 2020 by accelerating the usual promotional activities for his properties. On some level he must know that he’s vulnerable, and perhaps sees that his window for using his power to benefit himself may be closing. In the last week we’ve received even more evidence that he’s been quite successful at dipping his beak ever since he became president.

Last Friday, Politico reported that the House has been investigating a strange incident in which the Air Force made an unusual refueling stop at a small government-owned airport in Scotland that just happened to be next to Trump’s failing golf course in Turnberry. The crew was befuddled at the order, and even more so when they ended up at Trump’s pricey club, feeling out of place and without enough per-diem money to buy food and drink. It was, to say the least, unexpected.

The reporting shows that many millions of dollars were spent since 2017 at this out-of-the way little airport, and more than just those airmen were shuttled to Turnberry to funnel government money into Trump’s pocket. The Guardian reported that that the airport gives complimentary rounds of golf and discounted rooms to some of the military personnel who stay at Turnberry, which suggests this is an orchestrated racket.

It’s highly unlikely that Trump would have directly given an order to do this. As Mike Pence’s spokesman said when the veep was criticized for staying at Trump’s Doonbeg resort on his recent trip to Ireland, it’s more like the president just “suggests” it. More likely people just know that pleasing Trump by putting money in his pocket is smart politics. He does love money.

It may be that this is not technically illegal. But it certainly appears to be massively unethical, especially if what the Guardian reports about the Scottish government’s involvement turns out to be true:

An investigation by the Guardian has revealed Glasgow Prestwick airport is a base for live missions by the US Air Force, while its executives have highlighted its close relations with President Trump’s nearby resort at Turnberry to promote its bid to become a spaceport backed by the US government.

The Scottish government knew all about this, apparently, clear back to Trump’s presidential campaign. If anyone still cared about the Constitution, that emoluments clause would clearly be in play here. From the looks of it, that clause is only in effect for presidents who take bags of cash in a paper bag from a foreign potentate. Other than that it’s no longer operative, and presidents are now allowed to take as much money from foreign governments as can be channeled into the businesses they refused to divest from when they became president. If the next Republican president isn’t already a businessman, he’ll have to set up some pass-through corporations so that he too can legally receive bribes from foreign governments.

Politico reported on Sunday that the Air Force was conducting a full review of the process after “additional instances of military personnel staying at Trump properties have been uncovered.” But Air Force personnel aren’t the only ones putting taxpayer money into Donald Trump’s Turnberry coffers. The Scotsman reported in 2018 that the State Department had paid for staffers to stay at the resort and that family members’ Secret Service details routinely spend tens of thousands at Trump hotels, Turnberry included, when their charges travel.

That’s nothing compared to the money that Republican officials, foreign dignitaries and fans spend at the Trump hotels, whose profits go directly into the president’s pockets. Nobody knows exactly how much money is being spent, but it’s in the tens of millions. The New York Times reported over the weekend:

Since Mr. Trump became president, there have been thousands of visits to his properties, not only by Mr. Trump himself, but by foreign leaders, lobbyists, Republican candidates, members of Congress, cabinet members and others with ties to the president. At least 90 members of Congress, 250 Trump administration officials and more than 110 foreign officials have been spotted at Trump properties since 2017, according to social media posts and counts by various watchdog groups.

That is undoubtedly a low estimate. And nobody knows how much money has really been spent. Some are looking for favors, some probably just want to be seen and some simply want to give the president money because they love him so much:

“President Trump has really been on the side of the evangelicals and we want to do everything we can to make him successful,” said Sharon Bolan Yerby, an evangelical minister from Dallas, who had dinner at the hotel last fall, and then headed over to the White House the next day for a “faith briefing” of religious leaders. “And if that means having dinner or staying in his hotel, we are going to do so.”

This is corruption in plain sight by Republicans, lobbyists, foreign dignitaries and supporters. Trump excuses it by saying that people just like his “product” and claiming that he’s actually lost $3 billion to $5 billion on this president deal. How could anyone possibly object if he makes a few measly million from people who appreciate his greatness?

 

HEATHER DIGBY PARTON

Heather Digby Parton, also known as “Digby,” is a contributing writer to Salon. She was the winner of the 2014 Hillman Prize for Opinion and Analysis Journalism.

MORE FROM HEATHER DIGBY PARTON

 

In ‘New India’, noose tightening on corruption, nepotism: PM Modi in France

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE HINDUSTAN TIMES OF INDIA)

 

In ‘New India’, noose tightening on corruption, nepotism: PM Modi in France

Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the Indian diaspora in Paris during his visit to France on Friday amidst chants of “Modi hai to Mumkin hai” at the UNESCO headquarters.

INDIA Updated: Aug 23, 2019 17:21 IST

HT Correspondent
HT Correspondent

Hindustan Times, New Delhi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi greets Indian community in France at UNESCO HQ in Paris,France, Friday, Aug 23, 2019.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi greets Indian community in France at UNESCO HQ in Paris,France, Friday, Aug 23, 2019. (Photo: Twitter/ @MEAIndia)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said it was the strength of 1.25 billion Indians that had powered the big decisions taken by his government in the first 75-days of re-election amidst chants of “Modi hai to Mumkin hai” during his address to the Indian diaspora at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris on Friday..

He listed criminalizing the practice of “Triple Talaq” and indirectly referred to removal of the “temporary” provision of Article 370 that had granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir along with several other welfare schemes among the “big” decisions taken by his government.

“Triple Talaq, was an inhuman practice, we have ended the practice that hung like a sword over hundreds of thousands of Muslim women for years,” he said, adding that his government had set some goals for the country that were considered “impossible to achieve earlier”. He listed the “record number of new bank accounts” and the beneficiaries under PM’s Central health scheme as some important milestones.

“We have showed red card to several evil social practices in the last five years,” he said and added “In new India, the way in which action is being taken against corruption, nepotism, loot of people’s money, terrorism, this has never happened before.”

Watch | Modi’s Paris diplomacy: Macron fully backs India’s stand on Kashmir issue 

Modi’s Paris diplomacy: Macron fully backs India’s stand on Kashmir issue
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed media with French president Emanuel Macron on the first day of his three-nation tour. He spoke about Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan’s diplomatic campaign against India.
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“There was no place for temporary in India,” he said in a veiled reference to his government’s decision to abrogate Article 370 that granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir. “It took us 70-years to remove temporary,” said the Prime Minister.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, the mandate given to him in 2019 elections was “not just to run India but to create a new India”, adding that the country had seen “several positive developments in the last five-years during which the youth, women, farmers and the poor were put at the center of government’s programmers.” He also said that several studies had confirmed rapid eradication of poverty in India.

The Prime Minister, who is on day long visit to France, said India-France ties were beyond friendship. There was no single platform in the world where the two countries had not worked together. So, I devote this day to India-France relations,” he said.

He said India and France partnership could be summed up by combining words “IN” (for India) with “FRA” (for France) to create “INFRA”. INFRA, he said, represented the joint efforts between the two nations in the field of “Solar Infra”, “Technical Infra” and “Space Infra” among others.

Also read | We met goals once considered unachievable: PM to Indians in France

First Published: Aug 23, 2019 15:14 IST

Prosecutor also attempted to intimidate Alexandre de Moraes to vote for arrest at second instance

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE BRAZILIAN NEWSPAPER 247)

 

Prosecutor also attempted to intimidate Alexandre de Moraes to vote for arrest at second instance

The new chapter of Vaza Jato also reveals Deltan Dallagnol’s action in articulating street movements to pressure Teori Zavascki’s nominee Minister Alexandre de Moraes to vote for the arrest in the second instance – which, in fact, happened

(Photo: Marcelo Camargo – Brazil Agency)

247. Following the death of Teori Zavascki, Michel Temer appointed Alexandre de Moraes, then Minister of Justice, for the vacancy of Zavascki in the Supreme. “A year later, the minister became the target of an onslaught of movements coordinated by Dallagnol after the Federal Regional Court of the 4th Region confirmed, in January, the condemnation of former President Lula in the Guarujá triplex process,” reveal the new Vaza Jato’s messages, in the report by Rafael Neves and Rafael Mora Martins.

“Amid speculation about the probable arrest of the petista, circulated the information that the Supreme was studying to allow the sentence to be served only after the conviction was ratified Superior Court, the third instance. Attention then turned to Moraes, the only in the STF that had not yet cast a vote on the matter “, points out the text. Check out one of the dialogues below:

Three days after Lula’s sentence was confirmed, Dallagnol raised his concern to prosecutor Thaméa Danelon:

January 27, 2018 – Private Chat

Deltan Dallagnol – 20:41:03 – Tamis, as for the provisional execution, we have to make it more expensive for Alexandre de Moraes to change position

Thaméa Danelon – 20:41:26 – Of course

Danelon – 20:41:31 – What do you suggest?

Danelon – 20:41:49 – I saw that you replied a tt of a citizen.

Danelon – 20:41:54 – I will reply

Dallagnol – 20:43:56 – We have to gather information that in the past supported execution after trial of the SECOND degree and move the movements to hit it a lot.

Dallagnol – 20:44:09 – Letting face change

Danelon – 20:44:16 – Okay. I can move on to the moves.

Danelon – 20:44:31 – To Come to the Street and the Streets

Dallagnol – 20:44:33 – Show that change benefits Aécio and PSDbistas of the party to which he is linked

Danelon – 20:44:43 – Great

Danelon – 20:44:58 – I remember that he was in favor of the second instance.

Dallagnol – 20:45:00 – That will probably lose forum this year

Danelon – 20:45:06 – But I don’t remember how he stated that

“Whether because of the pressure or not, it is certain that a few days later, on February 6, Alexandre de Moraes did what Dallagnol, Danelon and Vem Pra Rua wanted: he voted in favor of the execution of federal deputy João Rodrigues, of the Santa Catarina PSD, which had a federal court conviction upheld in the second instance, “reporters report.

Brazil: Federation of Ceará confirms $ 30,000 Dallagnol fee, more walk in Beach Park

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF BRAZIL’S 247 NEWS)

 

Federation of Ceará confirms $ 30,000 Dallagnol fee, more walk in Beach Park

Dallagnol, coordinator of the Lava Jato task force, received a $ 30,000 fee to give a speech in 2018. The information that the prosecutor also stayed at the Beach Park hotel was confirmed by the board of the Federation of Industries state

(Photo: Agência Brasil)

From Forum magazine – Involved in accusations of collusion, along with Sérgio Moro and other prosecutors, Deltan Dallagnol, coordinator of the Lava Jato task force, received a sum of R $ 30,000 to give a lecture in 2018. The event was the project Ideas in Debate, promoted by the Federation of Industries of Ceará (Fiec), as informed by Mônica Bergamo, Folha de S.Paulo.

The journalist had access to dialogues between Dallagnol and Sérgio Moro. The information that the prosecutor also stayed at the Beach Park hotel was confirmed by the board of the Federation of State Industries.

Dallagnol was hired via Centro Industrial do Ceará (CIC) for the event with businessmen. In the opportunity, he exposed the fight against corruption, which would be headed by the group of prosecutors of Curitiba, with then the judge Sérgio Moro.

With information from Eliomar’s Blog

Brazil: Reinaldo wants Moro’s resignation says he corrupted fight against corruption

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF BRAZIL’S 247 NEWS)

 

Reinaldo preaches Moro’s resignation and says he has corrupted the fight against corruption

“Moro is today a shadow of what he once was, and his current reputation is in line with his biography, and I think there is still a lot of adjustment to be made,” said columnist Reinaldo Azevedo

(Photo: Reproduction | PR)

247 – The journalist Reinaldo Azevedo reacted to the note of the minister Sergio Moro, in which he criticized the journalists who have divulged information of the Vaza Jato. “Moro is worried about the reputation of the journalists who publish the information contained in the material received by The Intercept Brazil?” “Well, do not tell me!” Instead of him, I would look in the mirror. the journalism that does its work and fulfills its function.How do we Moro authorize us – TIB, Folha, Veja and this journalist – to “publish something serious” Well, and who deems this seriousness? universal judge! “he quipped, in an article published in his blog .

“I will propose to the other vehicles that we meet with Moro when he decides to publish anything. If he gives his” imprimatur “, we publish it, if not then not! I would like to suggest that you give up on the brave: resign yourself! Moreover, you are still a minister, you should register: you campaign in favor of corruption, who corrupts the instruments of state to … fight corruption, “he concluded.

India: In CBI crackdown on corruption, nationwide raids at 110 locations in 30 cases

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF INDIA’S HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

In CBI crackdown on corruption, nationwide raids at 110 locations in 30 cases

Earlier this month, the CBI had searched premises of 13 companies and bank officials across the country for alleged bank frauds amounting to ₹1,139 crore.

INDIA Updated: Jul 09, 2019 13:56 IST

HT Correspondent
HT Correspondent
Hindustan Times, New Delhi
CBI,CBI crackdown,corruption
The Central Bureau of Investigation jointly serves as a national security agency and intelligence agency.(AFP Photo)

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is conducting searches at 110 places across 19 states in its probe on cases of corruption and criminal misconduct/

“In a nationwide action, CBI is today conducting searches at around 110 places in 19 States/ Union Territories. CBI has registered around 30 separate cases relating to corruption, criminal misconduct and arms smuggling etc,” said a CBI official.

Searches were being conducted in various cities including Delhi, Bharatpur, Mumbai, Chandigarh, Jammu, Srinagar, Pune, Jaipur, Goa, Kanpur, Raipur, Hyderabad, Madurai, Kolkata, Rourkela, Ranchi, Bokaro, Lucknow and other places in Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Andhraby Pradesh, Karnataka and Bihar.

Earlier this month, the CBI had searched premises of 13 companies and bank officials across the country for alleged bank frauds amounting to ₹1,139 crore.

The search and seizure was one of the biggest simultaneous, synchronised actions against bank loan defaulters in recent times. The CBI’s top-brass, including its director Rishi Kumar Shukla, directly monitored the countrywide action.

First Published: Jul 09, 2019 12:03 IST

Brazil: “Where do you run when the anti-corruption crusaders are dirty?”

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF BRAZIL’S 247 NEWS)

(OPED: THIS IS AN EXAMPLE WHERE IT IS THE JUDGES AND THE PROSECUTORS ARE THE ONES WHO SHOULD RIGHT NOW BE ARRESTED AND THROWN UNDER THE PRISON WALLS)(oldpoet56) 

NYT: “Where do you run when the anti-corruption crusaders are dirty?”

One of the world’s leading newspapers, The New York Times states that “the leaked messages show that Moro often overstepped his role as a judge”; “The leaks reveal an immoral judge, who joined prosecutors in order to arrest and convict individuals who already considered guilty,” criticizes

(Photo: Reproduction | Gustavo Bezerra)

247 – One of the leading newspapers in the world, The New York Times states that “the leaked messages showed that Moro often exceeded his role of judge – someone who should be impartial and prejudice-free – to act as consigliere [counselor] the accusation” . “The leaks reveal an immoral judge, who joined prosecutors to arrest and convict individuals they already considered guilty,” he criticized.

“He offered strategic advice to prosecutors: they should, for example, reverse the order of the various phases of the investigation, review specific motions they planned to file, accelerate certain processes, slow down many others. rebuked prosecutors when they were too late to carry out further attacks, endorsed or disapproved of their tactics, and provided them with early knowledge of their decisions, “the report said .

The newspaper continues, stating that “Moro became involved in press coverage issues and was concerned about getting public support for the prosecution.” “‘What do you think of these crazy statements from the PT national committee? Should we officially refute?’ He once asked federal prosecutor Deltan Dallagnol, referring to a statement by the Lula Workers’ Party in which the accusation was considered a political persecution. Note the use of the word ‘we’ – as if Mr Moro and Mr. Dallagnol were on the same team, “adds the NYT.

“All this is, of course, highly immoral – if not totally illegal. It violates nothing less than the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which says: ‘Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him. “According to the Brazilian Criminal Procedure Code, judges must be neutral arbitrators and can not give advice to either party in a case. violated many provisions of the Brazilian Code of Judicial Ethics, particularly one that says that the judge must maintain “an equivalent distance from the parties,” avoiding any kind of behavior that may reflect ‘favoritism, predisposition or prejudice’.