(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF NPR NEWS)
In astrology, the 12 Zodiac signs are a loose guide to personality traits, which are a reflection of the behavior, attitude, passion, strengths, and weaknesses of people under each classification. They can be used for self-improvement, growth, entertainment, and fun!
Individuals are associated with a symbol—or a sign—depending on the date and month on which they were born. The 12 signs are Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces.
These signs fall into elemental classifications of water (Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces); air (Gemini, Libra, Aquarius); fire (Aries, Leo, Sagittarius); and earth (Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn). These four elements have perceived underpinnings in their interaction with the 12 Zodiac signs.
People who fall under this horoscope are those born between March 20 and April 20, and the representative symbol is the ram. This Zodiac sign represents people who are bold, courageous, ambitious, inquisitive, independent, natural leaders, and individuals who have a deep respect for justice. The negative characteristics of this group include aggression, selfishness, inconsistency, bad temperament, and pushy characteristics.
Taureans are born between April 20 and May 20, under the bull. The characteristics are dedication, trustworthiness, and dependency compared to the negative traits like resistance to change and stubbornness. The bull signifies persistence and high energy, which propagates an endurance that extends beyond high patience levels.
This zodiac class depicts twins as the symbol and consists of people born between May 21 and June 20. These individuals are agile, open to change, intelligent, have excellent communication skills, are insightful, and possess a readiness to make conversation. Within this category, their behaviors are inconsistent, they like to over-stress or amplify situations and information, and they are deceptive, scheming, dramatic, and extremely talkative.
Birthdays of people under Cancer run from June 21 to July 20, and the symbol is the crab. The traits of members include compassion, healing, cultivating, reassuring, understanding, and incredibly loving. However, the same people display clingy behavior, passive aggression, moodiness, and indirect expressions, which hinder effective interaction.
The representation sign is the lion, and the birth dates run from July 21 to August 20. Their association with the sun means that Leos introduce warmth to an interaction or bring a relationship to life. Hence, this group values relationships, and their charisma can charm many people into becoming their friends. Leos are also fearless, protective, fun, exhibit leadership, and are very generous, which parallels their inclination to dictatorship, stubbornness, and controlling and bragging behavior.
The virgin is the zodiac symbol that describes people born between August 21 and September 20. People in this category come off as organized, investigative, rational, meek, modest, and responsible. They have an excellent memory and research skills, which makes it possible to be rational and analytical. This makes them an excellent addition to a discussion group. However, they can prove to be annoying due to their obsessive behavior, desire to make everything perfect, criticalness, and an extreme keenness to detail.
Represented by the scales, Libras have their birthdays between September 20 and October 20. Members of this group have dignity, are easygoing, subtle, and charming despite their indecisive traits and hypocritical and gullible attitudes.
Depicted by the scorpion, this zodiac sign describes people born between October 21 and November 20. Beyond the passionate, sensitive, expressive, and sacrificial characteristics, this group also displays envious, distrustful, malicious, and possessive behavior.
The centaur (or an archer) is the representative symbol for Sagittarius, for people born between November 21 and December 21. This is a hopeful group due to their open-mindedness, and are bubbly, lucky, possess high moral standards, and are versatile. Negative aspects include sluggishness and being fidgety, irresponsible, and greedy.
The symbol for Capricorn is the goat. This group is talented and values stability, strategy, tolerance, meticulousness, and responsibility irrespective of their negativity, rigidity, ruthlessness, and melancholic and cynical traits. Capricorns are born between December 21 and January 20.
The Aquarius sign is also known as the Water Bearer, based on the symbol, and is comprised of individuals born between January 21 and February 20. The group reflects inherent characteristics such as intellectual or smart, generous, friendly, creative, and humane. The negative traits associated with this sign are irresponsible, emotionally distant, absent-minded, and impersonal.
This Zodiac sign is the fish and signifies the temperament and attitudes of people born between February 21 and March 20. Pisces is romantic, thoughtful, sensitive, inventive, and empathetic, which complements the problematic elements of being unrealistic, docile, self-pitying, and needy.
Scientists say they have discovered why some vegetables – including cabbage, broccoli and kale – can reduce the risk of bowel cancers.
That cruciferous veg is good for the gut has never been in doubt but a detailed explanation has been elusive.
The team at the Francis Crick Institute found anti-cancer chemicals were produced as the vegetables were digested.
Cancer Research UK said there were plenty of reasons to eat more veg.
The work focused on how vegetables alter the lining of the intestines, by studying mice and miniature bowels growing in the lab.
Like the skin, the surface of the bowels is constantly being regenerated in a process that takes four to five days.
But this constant renewal needs to be tightly controlled, otherwise it could lead to cancer or gut inflammation.
And the work, published in the journal Immunity, showed chemicals in cruciferous vegetables were vital.
The researchers investigated a chemical called indole-3-carbinol, which is produced by chewing such vegetables.
“Make sure they’re not overcooked, no soggy broccoli,” said researcher Dr Gitta Stockinger.
The chemical is modified by stomach acid as it continues its journey through the digestive system.
In the lower bowel, it can change the behaviour of stem cells, which regenerate the bowel lining, and of immune cells that control inflammation.
The study showed diets high in indole-3-carbinol protected the mice from cancer, even those whose genes put them at very high risk of the disease.
Without the protective diet, the gut cells divided uncontrollably.
Dr Stockinger added: “Even when the mice started developing tumours and we switched them to the appropriate diet, it halted tumour progression.”
Signs of bowel cancer include persistent:
Dr Stockinger said the findings were a “cause for optimism”.
She has reduced the amount of meat she eats and now consumes a lot more vegetables.
She told the BBC: “A lot of dietary advice we’re getting changes periodically – it is very confusing and not clear cut what the causes and consequences are.
“Just telling me it’s good for me without a reason will not make me eat it.
“With this study, we have the molecular mechanisms about how this system works.”
Prof Tim Key, from Cancer Research UK, said: “This study in mice suggests that it’s not just the fibre contained in vegetables like broccoli and cabbage that help reduce the risk of bowel cancer, but also molecules found in these vegetables too.
“Further studies will help find out whether the molecules in these vegetables have the same effect in people, but in the meantime there are already plenty of good reasons to eat more vegetables.”
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A group of parents in San Francisco are rallying around a second-grade teacher with breast cancer who was required to pay for her classroom’s substitute teacher while she is on medical leave.
The parents at Glen Park Elementary School were stunned to learn that the teacher’s paycheck was being docked $195 for each day she is out ill with the disease.
“I just feel sad that from what I heard, she is a very good teacher and I just feel sad what’s going on to her,” Narciso Flores-Diaz, a parent, told NBC Bay Area on Wednesday. “Our school is pulling together to help her and to make her feel that she’s not alone.”
Teachers in the San Francisco Unified School District get 10 sick days per year, and then another 100 days of extended medical leave time.
But after a teacher uses the 10 sick days and is on the extended leave, the district bills them for the cost of a substitute, in keeping with a little-known provision of California’s education code.
Parents at the school have raised more than $13,000 to cover the substitute’s pay.
The popular teacher, who has asked the media to withhold her name, also had another backstop — her union’s bank of donated sick days for members in need.
“This is not unique to San Francisco. This is not a district-only rule,” San Francisco Unified School District spokeswoman Laura Dudnick said in a statement to NBC News on Thursday.
Susan Solomon, president of United Educators of San Francisco, said the union might take on this issue during the next round of bargaining talks: “As always, we look forward to making improvements in this and other parts of the contract.”
Some parents and at least one key lawmaker said they’d like to see a change to this previously, little-known paragraph of the California Education Code.
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Years ago, California teachers opted not to pay into the state’s disability insurance program, so they can’t draw from those benefits. So lawmakers in 1976 inserted into the education code that a teacher who couldn’t work due to illness or injury must pay for his or her substitute.
State Sen. Connie Leyva, a Democrat from suburban Los Angeles and chair of the body’s education committee, vowed to change that law.
“Candidly, I think that times have changed and it’s our job to change with the times,” Leyva told NBC Bay Area.
The 17-year veteran teacher at Glen Park deserves community support, according to a GoFundMe page established for her because “she has nurtured our children and now it is time for us to take care of her.”
“Her dedication and love for her students” can’t be overstated, according to the fundraiser website. “Just a few days after her surgery, she took the time to write out 22 completely personalized notes to the students in the class thanking them for their support, telling them she missed them dearly and encouraging them to continue working hard.”
Cancer morbidity in Shanghai has risen 141 percent in the past four decades, according to the latest data released by local health authorities.
But the rate of deaths among cancer patients dropped by 42 percent in this period due to better screening, registration and monitoring.
This week is the city’s Cancer Prevention and Treatment Week with various events promoting cancer prevention.
An opening ceremony was held on Sunday in Changning District which included a walking race.
Data shows that almost 30 percent of local adults do not engage in physical activities and more than 30 percent are overweight. Nearly 10 percent suffer obesity.
Research shows that 40 percent of the causes of cancer in China are bad habits such as lack of exercise, poor diet, smoking and drinking.
Residents who want to know more about cancer and related activities can find information on the WeChat accounts of the local heath commission and center for disease control and prevention.
By 2015, cancer was the second major cause of death in Shanghai.
More than 70,000 people in Shanghai were diagnosed with cancer and nearly 40,000 died as a result in 2015.
(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE TIMES OF ISRAEL)
(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE GUARDIAN)
Doctors and cancer patients around the world are taking note of an incredible piece of news. A new therapy has reportedly cured a woman diagnosed with advanced breast cancer which had spread throughout her body.
This marks the first time that a woman with advanced, late-stage breast cancer has successfully been treated with immunotherapy. The team of doctors used patient Judy Perkins’s own immune cells to combat the disease.
Perkins was just 49 years old when the engineer discovered she’d been picked for a new therapy. She’d already undergone chemo treatments which continued to fail her. At best, Perkins had three years left to live.
Doctors from the US National Cancer Institute located in Maryland suggested the immunotherapy. They called her response to the treatment “remarkable.”
“My condition deteriorated a lot towards the end, and I had a tumour pressing on a nerve, which meant I spent my time trying not to move at all to avoid pain shooting down my arm. I had given up fighting,” Perkins said in an interview with The Guardian. “After the treatment dissolved most of my tumours, I was able to go for a 40-mile hike.”
Laszlo Radvanyi serves as a scientific director at the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research. Like many keeping up with this news, Radvanyi was not involved in treating Perkins. However, he’s certainly taking notice — calling the treatment “an unprecedented response in such advanced breast cancer.”
“We are now at the cusp of a major revolution in finally realising the elusive goal of being able to target the plethora of mutations in cancer through immunotherapy.”
“We are now at the cusp of a major revolution in finally realising the elusive goal of being able to target the plethora of mutations in cancer through immunotherapy,” Radvanyi said.
Doctors now hope for a major revolution in treatment opportunities available for patients. Some research teams are already developing massive clinical trials to determine just how effective immunotherapy could be for certain patients.
Simon Vincent, director of research at Breast Cancer Now, told interviewers: “This is a remarkable and extremely promising result, but we need to see this effect repeated in other patients before giving hope of a new immunotherapy for incurable metastatic breast cancer.
“Metastatic breast cancer remains incurable, and if we are to finally stop women dying we urgently need to find new ways to target and stop the spread of the disease. We are thrilled by this early finding, but we must remember that this type of immunotherapy remains an experimental approach that has a long way to go before it might be routinely available to patients.”
The process of immunotherapy takes biopsies of the primary tumor and its metastases to determine any mutations specific to a patient’s cancer. Those immune cells that made it through tumor tissue then get cultivated into billions of immune cells in a lab. The tumor tissue itself goes through a bit of gene sequencing so researchers know the main mutations of the tissue. The immune cells being grown then get analyzed to see which ones can target cancer specifically. Those immune cells are the ones that get put back into a patient in order to kill the cancer cells.
Perkins had over 80 billion immune cells put into her body. After 42 weeks of treatment, Perkins was declared free of cancer.
She’s been free of cancer ever since.
“It feels miraculous, and I am beyond amazed that I have now been free of cancer for two years,” Perkins said.
“I had resigned my job and was planning on dying. I had a bucket-list of things I needed to do before the end, like going to the Grand Canyon,” she added. “Now, I have gone back to normal everyday life.”
Via: The Guardian
(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF SHANGHAI CHINA’S NEWS AGENCY ‘SHINE’)
The world’s first surgery using NanoGun technology — jointly developed by Chinese and French scientists — was performed on a lung cancer patient in Shanghai yesterday.
The new minimally invasive treatment, which can be used on patients deemed no longer healthy enough for chemotherapy, injects the radioactive element rhenium-188 covered with nano-particles, including nitroimidazole — an organic matter.
While engulfing the nitroimidazole, the cancer cells also take in the rhenium, which eventually kills the tumor.
The patient, 71, was in the terminal stage of lung cancer and was too ill for further chemotherapy.
“It usually takes three days for the rhenium to kill the cancer cells,” said Gao Yong, the doctor in charge of the operation at Shanghai East Hospital. “There won’t be any side effects (from the rhenium) as the element will lose its radioactivity after three days.”
NanoGun is a Shanghai-based technology developed from scratch. It won China’s top innovation award in 2016.
Yang Guanghua, one of the scientists who helped develop the technology, said that although rhenium had long been ideal to treat cancer, there had been no ideal medium for delivery. It often diffused throughout the body and was hard to be absorbed by the irregular shaped cancer cells.
It took Yang and his colleges almost 10 years to find the right coating material, nitroimidazole, which matches perfectly with rhenium to make sure it directly reaches the nidus, or “nest”, of the cancer.
“Diffusion of the element (rhenium) hindered the effectiveness of the treatment in the past,” said Dr. Sadeg Nouredine, one of the French scientists working with Yang.
The surgery, approved by the hospital’s ethics committee as part of the treatment’s clinical trial, was free.
“We are working on the next stage of the technology in the lab,” said Yang. “So that it can hit multiple niduses simultaneously.”
If the trial succeeds the treatment will be available by 2020, by which time Shanghai will have built a pharmaceutical factory and hospital in Songjiang District to provide rhenium.
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