An Artist’s Homage to ‘Season of Migration to the North’

ArabLit

Next Thursday, Sudanese artist Mohammad Omar Khalil is set to launch his artist’s book Season of Migration to the North, a homage to Tayeb Salih’s classic novel:

According to organizers:

Omar Khalil’s prints explore Salih’s 20th century masterpiece, a tale of migration from South to North and the pain of return. A cornerstone of postcolonial literature, the work explores the dynamics of interaction between so-called civilised and developing worlds, and interrogates the origin and validity of these notions.

Ten original etchings by Mohammad Omar Khalil depict scenes from Season of Migration to the North. The etchings…

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“Enormous Ghost Galaxy” –Hidden In the Milky Way’s ‘Zone of Avoidance’

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE DAILY GALAXY)

 

“Enormous Ghost Galaxy” –Hidden In the Milky Way’s ‘Zone of Avoidance’ (Weekend Feature)

Milky Way Galactic Center

 

An enormous ‘ghost’ galaxy, believed to be one of the oldest in the universe, was detected lurking on the outskirts of the Milky Way in November of 2018 by a team of astronomers who discovered the massive object when trawling through new data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite. The object, named Antlia 2, avoided detection thanks to its extremely low density as well as a perfect hiding place in the Zone of Avoidance, behind the shroud of the Milky Way’s disc–a region full of dust and an overabundance of bright stars near the galactic center.

“This is a ghost of a galaxy,” said Gabriel Torrealba, an astrophysicist at Taiwan’s Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA) and the paper’s lead author. “Objects as diffuse as Ant 2 have simply not been seen before. Our discovery was only possible thanks to the quality of the Gaia data.” Gaia is able to dig into the Zone of Avoidance, he says, because it provides high-quality proper motions of stars behind the central disk of our Milky Way galaxy. That is, it is able to track stars as they move across the celestial sphere.

Optically, the Zone of Avoidance is like “trying to look through a velvet cloth—black as black can be,” says Thomas Dame, Director of the Radio Telescope Data Center at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Senior Radio Astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. “In terms of tracing and understanding the spiral structure, essentially half of the Milky Way is terra incognito.”

“It’s the most Important thing in astrophysics”–the ‘Holy Grail’ of astronomy is to provide a clear perspective of our relationship to the physical universe. The map of our Milky Way galaxy is a part of that, a map that is still incomplete. Our solar system drifts between two spiral arms at its outer edges, some 27,000 light-years from its center. Beyond that, like the ancient sea-faring mariners, no space craft has ever traveled beyond the opaque central disk to turn back and take its picture.

“Monsters & Dragons?” –Mapping the Terra Incognito of Milky Way’s Unseen Far Side

“The zone of avoidance is basically the part of the sky obscured by the Milky Way’s disk as seen from the Earth,” said Torrealba. “The disk of the Milky Way has a lot of gas and stars, making it extremely crowded and complex.” But the team was able to use about a hundred old and metal-poor pulsating, so-called ‘RR Lyrae’ stars to probe inside and ultimately identify Antlia 2.

Optically, penetrating the Zone of Avoidance is like “trying to look through a velvet cloth—black as black can be,” says Thomas Dame, Director of the Radio Telescope Data Center at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and Senior Radio Astronomer at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. “In terms of tracing and understanding the spiral structure, essentially half of the Milky Way is terra incognito.”

“It’s the most Important thing in astrophysics”–the ‘Holy Grail’ of astronomy is to provide a clear perspective of our relationship to the physical universe. The map of our Milky Way galaxy is a part of that, a map that is still incomplete. Our solar system drifts between two spiral arms at its outer edges, some 27,000 light-years from its center. Beyond that, like the ancient sea-faring mariners, no space craft has ever traveled beyond the opaque central disk to turn back and take its picture.

Swarm of Faint Dwarf Galaxies Orbit the Milky Way –“Many More Hidden, Yet to Be Discovered”

“Compared to the rest of the 60 or so Milky Way satellites, Ant 2 is an oddball,” said co-author Matthew Walker, also from Carnegie Mellon University. “We are wondering whether this galaxy is just the tip of an iceberg, and the Milky Way is surrounded by a large population of nearly invisible dwarfs similar to this one.”

 

Antlia2 Dwarf Galaxy

 

Torrealba says that Antlia 2 is likeliest one of the oldest dwarf galaxies in the universe, but he and colleagues are still puzzled as to how it became so diffuse. “One possibility is that Antlia 2 was much more massive in the past, and as it fell into the Milky Way, it lost its mass to become more diffuse,” said Torrealba. One problem with this idea says Torrealba is that rather than grow, galaxies tend to shrink at the same time they lose stars.

Extreme Disk Galaxy Discovered –“Seven Times the Width of the Milky Way”

The object’s giant size, says astronomer Sergey Koposov at Carnegie Mellon University presents a puzzle, agreeing with Torrealba. “Normally, as galaxies lose mass to the Milky Way’s tides, they shrink, not grow.”

“Another possible explanation of the extraordinary appearance of Antlia 2,” Koposov wrote in an email to dailygalaxy.com, “is that there is something wrong with currently favored Cold Dark Matter theory that predicts that dark matter should be tightly packed in centers of galaxies. If dark matter distribution however is more fluffy, that can make it easier to form galaxies like Antlia 2,” he added.

Ant 2 is known as a dwarf galaxy. As structures emerged in the early Universe, dwarfs were the first galaxies to form, and so most of their stars are old, low-mass and metal-poor. But compared to the other known dwarf satellites of our Galaxy, Ant 2 is immense: it is as big as the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), and a third the size of the Milky Way itself.

What makes Ant 2 even more unusual is how little light it gives out. Compared to the LMC, another satellite of the Milky Way, Ant 2 is 10,000 times fainter. In other words, it is either far too large for its luminosity or far too dim for its size.

The ESA’s Gaia mission has produced the richest star catalog to date, including high-precision measurements of nearly 1.7 billion stars and revealing previously unseen details of our home Galaxy. Earlier in 2018, Gaia’s second data release made new details of stars in the Milky Way available to scientists worldwide.

The researchers behind the current study – from Taiwan, the UK, the US, Australia and Germany – searched the new Gaia data for Milky Way satellites by using RR Lyrae stars. These stars are old and metal-poor, typical of those found in a dwarf galaxy. RR Lyrae change their brightness with a period of half a day and can be located thanks to these well-defined pulses.

“RR Lyrae had been found in every known dwarf satellite, so when we found a group of them sitting above the Galactic disc, we weren’t totally surprised,” said co-author Vasily Belokurov from Cambridge’s Institute of Astronomy. “But when we looked closer at their location on the sky it turned out we found something new, as no previously identified object came up in any of the databases we searched through.”

The team contacted colleagues at the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) in Australia, but when they checked the coordinates for Ant 2, they realized they had a limited window of opportunity to get follow-up data. They were able to measure the spectra of more than 100 red giant stars just before the Earth’s motion around the Sun rendered Ant 2 unobservable for months.

The spectra enabled the team to confirm that the ghostly object they spotted was real: all the stars were moving together. Ant 2 never comes too close to the Milky Way, always staying at least 40 kiloparsecs (about 130,000 light-years) away. The researchers were also able to obtain the galaxy’s mass, which was much lower than expected for an object of its size.

If it is impossible to puff the dwarf up by removing matter from it, then Ant 2 had to have been born huge. The team has yet to figure out the exact process that made Ant 2 so extended. While objects of this size and luminosity have not been predicted by current models of galaxy formation, recently it has been speculated that some dwarfs could be inflated by vigorous star formation. Stellar winds and supernova explosions would push away the unused gas, weakening the gravity that binds the galaxy and allowing the dark matter to drift outward as well.

“Even if star formation could re-shape the dark matter distribution in Ant 2 as it was put together, it must have acted with unprecedented efficiency,” said co-author Jason Sanders, also from Cambridge.

Alternatively, Ant 2’s low density could mean that a modification to the dark matter properties is needed. The currently favored theory predicts dark matter to pack tightly in the centers of galaxies. Given how fluffy the new dwarf appears to be, a dark matter particle which is less keen to cluster may be required.

The gap between Ant 2 and the rest of the Galactic dwarfs is so wide that this may well be an indication that some important physics is missing in the models of dwarf galaxy formation. Solving the Ant 2 puzzle may help researchers understand how the first structures in the early universe emerged.

The Daily Galaxy via Imperial College London

(Philosophy Poem) Dancing With The Devil

Dancing With The Devil

 

Born into a world that we know nothing of

From a Spirit up above to the flesh below

We know not, we see and understand not

Life eternal, not here but above and below

Innocent age for awhile this we all are

 

We see, hear and feel as we learn our place

Birthed from G-d, never separated from above

We learn what is good from that which is not

Children we were, we are and will always be

Not all parents teach us how not to be burned

 

The Mind and Soul is willing but the flesh is so very weak

We choose our own path with which to live or chose to die

To whose Music do we choose to move our life and our feet

Our Leaders heart and feet are molded in Hell’s  fiery heat

If we dance with the Devil then with Him in Hell we’ll be

How Do I Lead Others To Christ?

StopAndPrayTV

“Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.” – Mark 16:15

Every believer is commissioned to bring people to Jesus. The Lord is not asking us to do something impossible or impractical. A faithful witness is one who is credible on a particular subject because of their experience, which shows in their convictions. A witness is also a spokesperson, someone who has something to say on the subject. The character of the Lord and the power of the Holy Spirit working through our lives will give evidence of our genuine Savior, Jesus.

John 3:1-8 tells of the new birth experience of Nicodemus. Anyone desiring to lead another person to Christ needs to be aware of verse 8: “The wind blows where it wills, and you hear the sound of it, and you don’t know where it comes from or where it’s going. So it is with…

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Running to Christ, not away from

StopAndPrayTV

“The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.” (Proverbs 18:10)

When one realizes that he is lost and that only Christ can save him, he should not delay a moment but come immediately to Christ. There are, in fact, several men in the New Testament who actually ran to Him.

There was the man possessed with a whole legion of demons. “But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him” (Mark 5:6), and Jesus set him free.

Then there was a young man who wanted to learn of Christ. When he found that Jesus was going away, he came “running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?” (Mark 10:17). Unfortunately, his sincerity failed when he realized the cost. Zeal without sacrifice is dead, as is faith…

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NASA: A MONSTROUS 1,280FT asteroid is headed towards Earth at 58,250MPH

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF THE UK’S EXPRESS NEWS)

 

NASA asteroid tracker: A MONSTROUS 1,280FT asteroid is headed towards Earth at 58,250MPH

AN ASTEROID hurtling towards the Earth at nearly 58,250mph (93,744 kmh) is expected to fly over our planet next week, NASA’s asteroid trackers have revealed.

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The imposing , dubbed by NASA Asteroid 2019 JB1, is headed towards the Earth on a “Close Approach” trajectory. NASA’s asteroid trackers have calculated a close flyby in the early morning hours of Monday, May 20. According to NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in California, Asteroid JB1 will shoot past our planet around 4.23am BST (3.23am UTC). And when the asteroid nears the Earth, it will reach breakneck speeds of around 26.04km per second or 58,349.8mph.

Asteroid JB1 is an Apollo-type “Near-Earth Object” or NEO asteroid.

NEOs are all asteroids and comets in orbit of the Sun at a distance of 1.3 astronomical units (au).

Just one astronomical unit measures about 93 million miles (149.6 million km), which is the distance between the Earth and the Sun.

’s JPL estimates JB1 measures somewhere in the range of 557.7ft to 1,279.5ft (170m to 390m) across.

READ MORE: 

NASA asteroid tracker: Giant space rock over Earth

NASA asteroid tracker: A giant space rock will fly past Earth on May 20 (Image: GETTY)

An asteroid at the upper end of the estimate is taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France.

The asteroid is also about 200 times longer than a Queen Size bed and 45 London double-decker buses.

If the  rock were to hit the Earth, the force of impact could be cataclysmically deadly.

NASA said: “If a rocky meteoroid larger than 25m but smaller than one kilometre – a little more than 1/2 miles – were to hit Earth, it would likely cause local damage to the impact area.

READ MORE: 

“We believe anything larger than one to two kilometres – one kilometre is a little more than one-half mile – could have worldwide effects.”

Anything larger than one to two kilometres could have worldwide effects

NASA

So, is there anything to fear from the asteroid’s flyby next week?

Thankfully, NASA predicts the asteroid will not come close enough to slam into the Earth.

At its closest, Asteroid JB1 will fly past Earth from a distance of 0.04305 astronomical units.

READ MORE: 

This means Asteroid will come within four million miles (6.4 million km) of our home-world.

In other words, NASA expects the asteroid to fly by 16.76 times as far as the Moon is.

NASA explained: “As they orbit the Sun, Near-Earth Objects can occasionally approach close to Earth.

“Note that a ‘close’ passage astronomically can be very far away in human terms: millions or even tens of millions of kilometres.”

NASA asteroid tracker: Giant space rock over Earth

NASA asteroid tracker: The space rock will fly by at breakneck speeds (Image: GETTY)

NASA asteroid tracker: Giant space rock over Earth

NASA asteroid tracker: The space rock will pass the Earth safely without hitting (Image: GETTY)

Quick facts about asteroids:

1. Asteroids are the rocky remnants of the early solar system from an approximate 4.6 billion years ago.

2. NASA estimates there are currently 795,070 space rocks orbiting our Sun.

3. The biggest “potentially hazardous” asteroid NASA is aware of is the 3.35-mile-wide (5.4km) Toutatis.

4. NASA has established a Planetary Defense Coordination Office to keep the Earth safe from dangers of asteroid impacts.

5. Most of the asteroids we know of are in the so-called Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter.

No One Has THE RIGHT TO COMMIT MURDER

(No One Has The RIGHT TO COMMIT MURDER)

 

Because of some southern states and because of Republicans abortion is one again in the national news. I am going to put two thoughts out to you on this issue. One view will be from a ‘religion’ viewpoint and the other from a person who is chastising the Supreme Court. As a person of faith I believe that once a heartbeat starts, it is murder to stop it. No one has the ‘right’ to kill little babies, no one! If a person gets into an auto accident and kills a pregnant lady they get charged with killing two people. This is an issue that must only be one way, if a fetus has no rights then you are considering the baby to be nothing, if it does have rights then it is a living child.

 

The Supreme Court of the United States has only one main job and that is to honor the Nation’s Constitution. When a case comes before that Court the only thing their job is is to decide if the law before them is Constitutional, or not. I personally disagree with several decisions handed down by the Supreme Court yet when a decision is made by the Court as to if something is Constitutional or not it should never be overturned by a later Court. When you are having to count how many Republicans or how many Democrats are sitting on that Bench then our whole Constitution and our Democracy are at a grave risk. If a Supreme Court has done their Constitutional duty to the people of our country then the laws they say yes or no too should be final and never be overturned by a later set of Justices. Political viewpoints have no place among any of the Chief Justices. Do I personally agree with or like the Roe versus Wade decision in 1973, no, I don’t but if it was Constitutional in 1973, it is still Constitutional today and tomorrow.

India: At Bengal rally, PM Modi stings Mamata with an offer of a drawing

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF INDIA’S HINDUSTAN TIMES)

 

At Bengal rally, PM Modi stings Mamata with an offer of a drawing

Both the BJP and Trinamool have blamed each other for the violence at Amit Shah’s roadshow on Tuesday evening. A statue of renowned Bengal reformer, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, was destroyed and a college named after him ransacked in the violence.

LOK SABHA ELECTIONS Updated: May 15, 2019 19:05 IST

HT Correspondent
HT Correspondent
Hindustan Times, New Delhi
At a rally in Basirhat, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee appeared to have lost her mental balance when she claimed that she did not consider Modi as India’s Prime Minister.(ANI)

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday stepped up his party’s attacks on Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee at a rally in Bengal’s Basirhat, accusing Trinamool Congress of letting its goons loose because the party was scared of its defeat in the national elections.

“The BJP wave in Bengal has scared Didi and look to what level she has stooped,” PM Modi said, blaming her party for the violence at his party president Amit Shah’s Kolkata roadshow. A statue of renowned Bengal reformer, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, was destroyed and a college named after him ransacked in last evening’s violence, which the BJP and Trinamool leaders have angrily blamed on each other.

“Mamata Banerjee is high on power and wants to strangle democracy… Mamata Didi had declared publicly two days ago that she will avenge every inch of space that she loses to the BJP…. She has fulfilled her agenda within 24 hours,” he said.

Also read:Amit Shah blames Mamata for roadshow violence, holds up 3 photos as proof

PM Modi also panned the chief minister for the arrest of a youth BJP leader in Bengal for sharing Mamata Banerjee’s morphed photo on social media. Her arrest has already been criticised by the BJP which has sought to use the incident to project Mamata Banerjee as a dictator.

WATCH: Mamata meme row: BJP worker alleges delayed release, forced apology

Mamata meme row: BJP worker alleges delayed release, forced apology
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) youth wing worker Priyanka Sharma on Wednesday alleged that the West Bengal government delayed her release. She added that the police didn’t allow her to meet her advocate, family and made her sign an apology.
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The prime minister recalled Mamata Banerjee’s outburst at two students who asked her an inconvenient question at a televised interaction. Then he came up with an offer.

“You can draw my picture… make it as offensive as you want and after 23 May when I win, you can come over to gift it to me,” PM Modi said at the rally. Moments earlier, the prime minister had predicted his victory in the national elections and declared that Bengal would contribute a big share.

“I will accept the drawing and treasure it… I will not file an FIR against you,” PM Modi said.

Basirhat, which is due to vote on May 19 along with eight other Bengal Lok Sabha seats, had been a citadel of the communists for three decades before Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool breached it in 2009.

Communal violence had erupted in some parts of this constituency in July 2017 after a derogatory social media post on the Prophet Mohammad went viral. The violence was ultimately contained after a week but some of the fault lines have persisted.

The votes of the bitterly-fought seven-phase elections are due to be counted on May 23.

PM Modi, who had described Mamata Banerjee as someone who was afraid of her own shadow, said the chief minister appeared to have “crossed all limits and lost her mental balance” when she recently said that she did not consider Modi the Prime Minister.

“She is not ready to consider the Prime Minister of India as the PM… but she accepts the PM of Pakistan as Pak PM,” he said.

First Published: May 15, 2019 16:45 IST

Will of God

Beautiful poem from Kristi’s blog site.

For the Love of Christ

God’s will is such that

It can bend our will

To come around

To his way of “seeing things”

Sooner or later

(But it is better for us

If it is sooner

Rather than later)

 

Time is not linear

But rather times bends

Until it comes

Full circle

So what we think is the end

Is only the beginning

When the two

Become one flesh

 

Rev 19:7

“Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.”

Genesis 2:24

“Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife; and they shall be one flesh.”

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China: 15 pulled from rubble after building collapses

(THIS ARTICLE IS COURTESY OF SHANGHAI CHINA’S SHINE NEWS NETWORK)

 

15 pulled from rubble after building collapses

Shot by Zhou Shengjie. Edited by Zhang Long.

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

The 4S store collapsed just before noon on Thursday.

At least 15 people have been pulled out of the debris of a 4S car dealership store that collapsed in city’s downtown Changning District as of Thursday afternoon, according to firefighters.

The collapse happened around 11:30 am at a Mercedes-Benz 4S store at 148 Zhaohua Road, which was being renovated.

A total of 24 fire engines and more than 150 firefighters rushed to the scene and by 2:30pm, 15 trapped people had been rescued.

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

Rescue work is ongoing.

Medical professionals and ambulances are at the site and rescue work is still underway.

At least four injured men have been taken to Huadong Hospital. Two suffered from serious injuries while the other two were slightly hurt. Another four are being treated at Huashan Hospital.

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

Firefighters pull  a man out of the debris.

Jiang Xiaowei / SHINE

Rescue workers are at the scene.