A tribute to Mahatma Gandhi by Dr Martin Luther King, Jr



Gandhi Jayanti: A tribute to Mahatma Gandhi by Dr Martin Luther King, Jr

On January 30, 1958, to mark the 10th anniversary of the Mahatma’s passing, a young clergyman who was using Gandhian methods in America wrote an article for Hindustan Times on why India’s Father of the Nation belonged ‘to the ages’.

INDIA Updated: Oct 02, 2019 13:11 IST

Dr Martin Luther King, Jr
Dr Martin Luther King, Jr

Hindustan Times
Dr Martin Luther King, Jr stands next to a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in his office in 1966.
Dr Martin Luther King, Jr stands next to a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in his office in 1966.(Bob Fitch Photography Archive, Department of Special Collections, Stanford University Libraries)

Mahatma Gandhi has done more than any other person of history to reveal that social problems can be solved without resorting to primitive methods of violence. In this sense he is more than a saint of India. He belongs — as they said of Abraham Lincoln — to the ages. In our struggle against racial segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, I came to see at a very early stage that a synthesis of Gandhi’s method of non-violence and the Christian ethic of love is the best weapon available to Negroes for this struggle for freedom and human dignity. It may well be that the Gandhian approach will bring about a solution to the race problem in America. His spirit is a continual reminder to oppressed people that it is possible to resist evil and yet not resort to violence.

Watch: From HT Archives: A tribute by Martin Luther King, Jr to Mahatma Gandhi

From HT Archives: A tribute by Martin Luther King, Jr to Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi had thousands of followers across the globe. One among them was Martin Luther King, Jr.


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The Gandhian influence in some way still speaks to the conscience of the world as nations grapple with international problems. If we fail, on an international scale, to follow the Gandhian principle of non-violence, we may end up by destroying ourselves through the misuse of our own instruments. The choice is no longer between violence and non-violence. It is now either non-violence or non-existence.

Oppressed people can deal with oppression in three ways. They can accept or acquiesce. Under segregation they can adjust to it. Yet non-cooperation with evil is as much a moral obligation as is cooperation with good. The minute one accepts segregation, one cooperates with it. Oppressed people can, on the other hand, resort to physical violence, a method both whole nations and oppressed peoples have used. But violence merely brings about a temporary victory and not permanent peace. It creates ever new problems. Gandhi has come on the scene of history with still another way. He would resist evil as much as the man who uses violence, but he resists it without external violence or violence of the spirit. That is what Gandhism does. It is a method of the strong. If the only alternative is between cowardice and violence, it is better — as Gandhi said — to use violence, but there is another way.

Also read | A note from Pakistan: Why Gandhi matters beyond India’s borders

I myself gained this insight from Gandhi. When I was in theological school, I thought the only way we could solve our problem of segregation was an armed revolt. I felt that the Christian ethic of love was confined to individual relationships. I could not see how it could work in social conflict. Then I read Gandhi’s ethic of love as revealed in Jesus but raised to a social strategy for social transformation. This lifts love from individual relationships to the place of social transformation. This Gandhi helped us to understand and for this we are grateful a decade after his death.

Also read | Gandhiji’s name etched in the history of independent India, writes Mohan Bhagwat

First Published: Oct 02, 2019 04:01 IST

China: Tian’anmen Square decorated for National Day celebrations



Tian’anmen Square decorated for National Day celebrations


70 Years On

Tian’anmen Square at the heart of Beijing has been decorated to echo festivities of the 70th founding anniversary of the People’s Republic of China, which falls on Tuesday.

Red ribbon-shaped sculptures have been installed on the square to signify the lineage of China’s revolutionary past, present and future. A colossal portrait of Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925), a forerunner of the Chinese democratic revolution, has also been erected on the square.

On the front of the Tian’anmen Rostrum is a giant color portrait of late Chairman Mao Zedong, the founder of New China.

Huge red lanterns were hung atop the newly-refurbished rostrum, flunk by red flags flying above the stands on both sides.

70 Years On

You won’t believe how many times these celebrities have been married



You won’t believe how many times these celebrities have been married

Celebrity circles are rife with flings, love affairs, marriages, and public opinions. It should come as no surprise that many celebrities, whether for appearances, love, or lust, find themselves married more times than the average person. Here’s a quick look at celebrities who got married a handful of times — and in some cases, many more.

Celebrities who got married 4 times

Frank Sinatra

Credit: mark reinstein / Shutterstock.com

Like most names on this list, Frank Sinatra defined the times during which he crooned, wooed, and swaggered on stage and in jazz clubs. Sinatra is Sinatra is Sinatra, meaning he’s one-of-a-kind in the eyes of many, and it’s hard to separate the man from the attitude and charisma.

  • Frank Sinatra’s first marriage: Nancy Rose Barbato (1939-1951)
  • Frank Sinatra’s second marriage: Ava Gardner (1951-1957)
  • Frank Sinatra’s third marriage: Mia Farrow (1966-1968)
  • Frank Sinatra’s fourth marriage: Barbara Marx (1976-1998)

Liza Minnelli

Credit: Everett Collection / Shutterstock.com

Liza Minnelli’s initial claim to fame was as the daughter of “The Wizard of Oz” star Judy Garland, but Minnelli went on to make a name for herself in the entertainment business. Her roles in classics like “Cabaret” and “New York, New York” solidified her status as top-tier talent.

  • Liza Minelli’s first marriage: Peter Allen (1967-1974)
  • Liza Minelli’s second marriage: Jack Haley Jr. (1974-1979)
  • Liza Minelli’s third marriage: Mark Gero (1979-1992)
  • Liza Minelli’s fourth marriage: David Gest (2002-2007)

Celebrities who got married 5 times

Kenny Rogers

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Kenny Rogers is mostly known his country music (or his chicken, depending on your age), but the man has released over 120 hit singles across a broad spectrum of musical genres. Rogers has sold more than 100 million albums worldwide, and his musical achievement shave earned him spots on lists like “The 200 Most Influential Country Albums Ever” and “Favorite Singer of All Time.”

  • Kenny Rogers’ first marriage: Janice Gordon (1958-1960)
  • Kenny Rogers’ second marriage: Jean Rogers (1960-1963)
  • Kenny Rogers’ third marriage: Margo Anderson (1964-1976)
  • Kenny Rogers’ fourth marriage: Marianne Gordon (1977-1993)
  • Kenny Rogers’ fifth marriage: Wanda Miller (1997-present)

Martin Scorsese

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Stepping behind the camera instead of in front of it, Martin Scorsese has been directing now-iconic films since he started his career in the late 1960s. Movies like “Raging Bull,” “Taxi Driver,” and “Goodfellas” helped define filmmaking both when they were first released as well as decades later.

  • Martin Scorsese’s first marriage: Laraine Marie Brennan (1965-1971)
  • Martin Scorsese’s second marriage: Julia Cameron (1976-1977)
  • Martin Scorsese’s third marriage: Isabella Rossellini (1979-1983)
  • Martin Scorsese’s fourth marriage: Barbara De Fina (1985-1991)
  • Martin Scorsese’s fifth marriage: Helen Schermerhorn Morris (1999-present)

Celebrities who got married 8 times

Elizabeth Taylor

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Dame Elizabeth Taylor embodied the confident, sexy, classic Hollywood type many modern actresses try to emulate, and for good reason. She started her career in showbiz as a child actress in the 1940s and stayed in the spotlight until her passing in 2011. That’s a long time to attract a husband or two.

  • Elizabeth Taylor’s first marriage: Conrad Hilton Jr. (1951-1951)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s second marriage: Michael Wilding (1952-1957)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s third marriage: Mike Todd (1957-1958)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s fourth marriage: Eddie Fisher (1959-1964)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s fifth marriage: Richard Burton (1964-1974)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s sixth marriage: Richard Burton (1975-1976)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s seventh marriage: John Warner (1976-1982)
  • Elizabeth Taylor’s eighth marriage: Larry Fortensky (1991-1996)

Mickey Rooney

Credit: Christopher Halloran / Shutterstock.com

Mickey Rooney was famous throughout his life for his quick wit, casual charm, acid tongue, and almost a century of on-screen and on-stage performances. It’s only natural to catch the eye of a few women when you’re in the game for that long.

  • Mickey Rooney’s first marriage: Ava Gardner (1942-1943)
  • Mickey Rooney’s second marriage: B.J. Baker (1944-1949)
  • Mickey Rooney’s third marriage: Martha Vickers (1949-1951)
  • Mickey Rooney’s fourth marriage: Elaine Devry (1952-1958)
  • Mickey Rooney’s fifth marriage: Carolyn Mitchell (1958-1966)
  • Mickey Rooney’s sixth marriage: Marge Lane (1966-1967)
  • Mickey Rooney’s seventh marriage: Carolyn Hockett (1969-1975)
  • Mickey Rooney’s eighth marriage: Jan Chamberlin (1978-2014)

Lana Turner

Credit: Unknown / Wikimedia

Much like Elizabeth Taylor, Lana Turner was a name and face that defined the 1940s big studio era. Turner was one the highest-paid actresses in the United States during the mid-1940s, working an 18-year contract for movie studio MGM, and her personal life was highly publicized.

  • Lana Turner’s first marriage: Artie Shaw (1940-1940)
  • Lana Turner’s second marriage: Joseph Stephen Crane (1942-1943)
  • Lana Turner’s third marriage: Joseph Stephen Crane (1943-1944)
  • Lana Turner’s fourth marriage: Henry J. Topping Jr. (1948-1952)
  • Lana Turner’s fifth marriage: Lex Barker (1953-1957)
  • Lana Turner’s sixth marriage: Frederick May (1960-1962)
  • Lana Turner’s seventh marriage: Robert P. Eaton (1965-1969)
  • Lana Turner’s eighth marriage: Ronald Pellar (1969-1972)