The seven indigenous leaders killed in episodes of land conflict in Brazil in 2019 represent the most violent period in the last 11 years, reports preliminary report of the Pastoral Land Commission (CPT)
Sputnik – Data from the Pastoral Land Commission Report published by the G1 show that in 2018, two leaders of the original peoples were murdered.
The most recent violent episodes took place over the weekend, when two Guajajara indigenous leaders were killed in an attack in Maranhão and the indigenous Humberto Peixoto Lemos died in a hospital in Manaus, Amazonas, after being beaten by beatings.
“This year is extremely worrying and serious for the land issue, the land issue of the country. In fact, since 2016 we have been suffering from both the scrapping of organs and the very instances related to land issues being delivered from tray to tray. agribusiness, “says CPT national coordinator Paulo César Moreira to Sputnik Brasil.
The provisional measure of land legalization signed on Wednesday (11) by President Jair Bolsonaro is viewed with concern by Moreira, who also says that the president’s words have a “direct reflection on the violence being perpetrated”.
Repeatedly, Bolsonaro has said he will not demarcate indigenous lands and has said in 2017 that quilombolas (descendants of the enslaved population brought to Brazil) “are not even for breeding.”
Moreira believes that there is an “increase of fascist groups in Brazil” and that the way is being opened for “liberalization of violence”.
“The state has a big responsibility in this. Because with these murders, the people who did it and the principals, if not punished, this green light that is already lit up can move forward and create a climate of even greater violence. extremely severe scenario “, analyzes the CPT coordinator.
After the most recent murder of indigenous people in Maranhão, Justice Minister Sergio Moro announced the sending of the National Force to the region. Moreira, however, views the decision with suspicion: “The government tries to show some importance, some need to resolve this situation. However, this seems extremely false when, on the other hand, countermeasures are implemented. agribusiness support policy. “
In a statement, the Indigenous Missionary Council (Cimi) denounces that the president of the National Indian Foundation (Funai), Marcelo Xavier, “replaced anthropologists with extensive technical experience in Working Groups created to carry out indigenous land identification and delimitation studies by ‘ trustworthy people ‘without competence for the job’.
Cimi also says that Moro “refuses to receive indigenous representatives who have requested hearings to resolve territorial issues” and that there is “instrumentalization of indigenous policy in favor of the economic interests of ruralists, miners and loggers.”