2 July – MacArthur decided to secure the Papuan Peninsula and land 3,000 additional Australian troops, but the enemy had moved faster. Operation Providence for New Guinea could not now be rushed. Only a few hundred native militia and one company (500) of the 29th Australian Infantry stood in defense from a powerful enemy.
4 July – American submarines torpedoes 4 enemy destroyers around the Aleutian Island in Alaska; 3 at Kiska and one at Agatter. Three of the Japanese vessels sank.
7-12 July – Australian troops made a five-day march across the Owen Stanley Mountains in southern Papua, New Guinea. They set up defensive positions along the Kokoda Trail which snaked from coast to coast.
21-29 July – the Japanese 18th Army landed at Buna, New Guinea on the northern coast of Papua in a renewed attempt…
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