1815-1914: The Long Peace


How did the convergence of complex ideological, economic and military phenomena lead to the remarkable lack of warfare that made 1815-1914 one of the most peaceful periods in European History?

In contrast to the periods preceding and succeeding it, the lack of general, large-scale warfare in the period 1815-1914 is a remarkable feature of modern European history. The 20th century, the deadliest in human history, and pre-1815 Europe, defined by near-constant war between the great powers of the time, make the period 1815-1914, where general warfare between the Great Powers was largely avoided, look relatively peaceful. This is all the more remarkable when one considers the period’s substantial number of revolutions, coups and periods of political unrest, in conjunction with the instability that resulted from the drastic economic transformations that define the period. The slow collapse of the Ottoman Empire’s holdings in Europe during this period, and the political vacuums…

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