Knowledge arises from our interaction with reality (including ourselves and our previous knowledge). Reality is a proteon, i.e. it cannot be described completely. So at any given time, our knowledge is incomplete. There are gaps in it, there are inconsistencies, there are errors and artefacts, there is vagueness, and there are different degrees of justification. But our knowledge can be extended, revised, corrected, and made more exact and more explicit. It is developing. It is dynamic.
It is of little practical use to restrict the concept of knowledge to “justified true belief”, as one tradition of philosophy does. I am using the term “knowledge” here in a more general sense that is closer to the everyday meaning of the word.
Knowledge can be viewed as consisting of analytical spaces, i.e. limited chunks of consistent knowledge, together with the objects this knowledge refers to. Each analytical space only refers…
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